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Digital Archive International History Declassified

Welcome

The Digital Archive contains once-secret documents from governments all across the globe, uncovering new sources and providing fresh insights into the history of international relations and diplomacy. The Digital Archive is overseen by the Wilson Center's History and Public Policy Program and focuses on the interrelated histories of the Cold War, Korea, and Nuclear Proliferation. [Read more]

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themes

Learn about specific topics and regions through essays, timelines and educational resources.

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documents

Explore documents from the Digital Archive through the map, date, and subject browsing tools.

Recently Added
Documents

September 15, 1994

Preparatory Committee for the 1995 Conference of Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 'European Union (EU): NPT Extension Options and Modalities'

European Union document on legal aspects in connection with the NPT.

December 27, 1994

South African Legal Opinion on Article X.2 of the NPT

Legal analysis of Article X.2, which states that after 25 years the treaty takes force (in 1970), treaty members will hold a conference to determine if the NPT will be extended …

October, 1994

Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation (PPNN) International Seminar on Issues at the 1995 NPT Conference, 'Preparations for the Conference' by Ben Sanders

An overview of the administrative structure of the NPT review conference and the preparatory work leading up to it, as well as potential procedural problems which have not yet been…

April 17, 1995

Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, NPT Conference 17/4/95-12/5/95, 'Darryl’s meeting with Sven Jurchewsky [sic] 145/95'

Summary of meeting with Canadian diplomat Sven Jurschewsky about strategy for the NPT review confernece.

January 14, 1994

German Federal Foreign Office, 'British Invitation to the Western Coordination Meeting on 14 January 1994 at the Canadian UN Mission and British Paper on Options and Modalities of NPT Extension'

Copy of a UK paper summarizing NPT extension options and their implications.

April 18, 1995

1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Final Document, Summary and Verbal Records (excerpts)

Opening statements in the General Debate by Canada, Egypt, France, Germany, United Kingdom, United States, Russia, South Africa, The Netherlands.

September 15, 1994

Preparatory Committee for the 1995 Conference of Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 'European Union (EU): NPT Extension Options and Modalities'

European Union document on legal aspects in connection with the NPT.

December 27, 1994

South African Legal Opinion on Article X.2 of the NPT

Legal analysis of Article X.2, which states that after 25 years the treaty takes force (in 1970), treaty members will hold a conference to determine if the NPT will be extended …

October, 1994

Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation (PPNN) International Seminar on Issues at the 1995 NPT Conference, 'Preparations for the Conference' by Ben Sanders

An overview of the administrative structure of the NPT review conference and the preparatory work leading up to it, as well as potential procedural problems which have not yet been…

April 17, 1995

Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, NPT Conference 17/4/95-12/5/95, 'Darryl’s meeting with Sven Jurchewsky [sic] 145/95'

Summary of meeting with Canadian diplomat Sven Jurschewsky about strategy for the NPT review confernece.

January 14, 1994

German Federal Foreign Office, 'British Invitation to the Western Coordination Meeting on 14 January 1994 at the Canadian UN Mission and British Paper on Options and Modalities of NPT Extension'

Copy of a UK paper summarizing NPT extension options and their implications.

April 18, 1995

1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Final Document, Summary and Verbal Records (excerpts)

Opening statements in the General Debate by Canada, Egypt, France, Germany, United Kingdom, United States, Russia, South Africa, The Netherlands.

Featured
Collections

NORTH VIETNAMESE DECISION-MAKING, 1973-1975

A collection of published Vietnamese documents dealing with North Vietnam’s decision-making from January 1973-April 1975.

NORTH KOREAN NUCLEAR HISTORY

Formerly secret documents from the communist word reveal that North Korea's nuclear program began as early as the 1960s.

SPACE RACE

Documents on the 20th-century competition for supremacy in spaceflight capacity between the United States and the Soviet Union.

CONVERSATIONS WITH ZHOU ENLAI

Zhou Enlai, China's first foreign minister and longtime premier, shaped and influenced Chinese foreign policy from 1949 through 1976.

THE SIX-DAY WAR

This collection gives insight into the thought processes of global decision-makers as the events of the 1967 War, or Six-Day War, unfolded.

KOREAN WAR, 1950-1953

When North Korean troops invaded South Korea on June 25, 1950, the inter-Korean conflict entered its most bloody phase: the Korean War

NORTH VIETNAMESE DECISION-MAKING, 1973-1975

A collection of published Vietnamese documents dealing with North Vietnam’s decision-making from January 1973-April 1975.

NORTH KOREAN NUCLEAR HISTORY

Formerly secret documents from the communist word reveal that North Korea's nuclear program began as early as the 1960s.

SPACE RACE

Documents on the 20th-century competition for supremacy in spaceflight capacity between the United States and the Soviet Union.

CONVERSATIONS WITH ZHOU ENLAI

Zhou Enlai, China's first foreign minister and longtime premier, shaped and influenced Chinese foreign policy from 1949 through 1976.

THE SIX-DAY WAR

This collection gives insight into the thought processes of global decision-makers as the events of the 1967 War, or Six-Day War, unfolded.

KOREAN WAR, 1950-1953

When North Korean troops invaded South Korea on June 25, 1950, the inter-Korean conflict entered its most bloody phase: the Korean War

Welcome

The Digital Archive contains once-secret documents from governments all across the globe, uncovering new sources and providing fresh insights into the history of international relations and diplomacy. The Digital Archive is overseen by the Wilson Center's History and Public Policy Program and focuses on the interrelated histories of the Cold War, Korea, and Nuclear Proliferation. [Read more]

Explore
themes

Learn about specific topics and regions through essays, timelines and educational resources.

Browse
documents

Explore documents from the Digital Archive through the map, date, and subject browsing tools.

TWITTER

RT @NPIHP: What is the 'Libya model'? Revisit Malfrid Braut-Hegghammer's post on Sources and Methods explaining Libya and Iraq's cancellati…

.@RonRadosh writes about the history of North Korea's nuclear ambitions today on @thedailybeast citing @CWIHP docum… https://t.co/p6WZvZa4cC

RT @pha7boy: "Documents online at the Cold War International History Project" @CWIHP getting in on @thedailybeast action. Bravo! https://…

"Some rare tropical birds," Air Jamaica's inaugural stewardesses of the the late 1960s found themselves caught in t… https://t.co/Uh0aLQoQMm

RT @NPIHP: China and Pakistan posed two different nuclear threats to India. How did the Indian government adapt its policy to each? Harsh V…