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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents probes the relationship between China and North Korea from the 1940s through the 1980s. While often described as being "as close as lips to teeth," this collection highlights instances of both cooperation and mistrust between China and North Korea.

  • December 20, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 December 1957

    PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang discusses the withdrawal of Chinese People's Volunteers from the DPRK.

  • January 08, 1958

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Soviet Ambassador Yudin (Excerpt)

    Zhou Enlai discusses the withdrawal of the Chinese People's Volunteers from North Korea with Ambassador Pavel Yudin and North Korea's views on the security situation on the Korean Peninsula.

  • January 23, 1958

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhang Wentian and Pavel Yudin (Excerpt)

    Ambassador Pavel Yudin discusses the Soviet Union's views on the withdrawal of the Chinese People's Volunteers from North Korea with Zhang Wentian.

  • February 14, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 14 February 1958

    Puzanov discusses a rally with Kim Il Sung and Zhou Enlai addressing the friendship between DPRK and PRC's war of liberation against the West and Japanese imperialists.

  • February 15, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 February 1958

    Puzanov discusses his participation in the laying of the wreath by the Chinese delegation at the monument to the Liberation of Korea, the satisfactory reception for the delegation, and presenting Pak Jeong-ae with a letter from the CPSU CC.

  • February 19, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 19 February 1958

    Zhou Enlai gives a speech regarding the positions expressed in the joint Statement of the DPRK and PRC governments and confirms the friendship of the two states.

  • February 22, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 22 February 1958

    At the 40th anniversary of the USSR Armed Forces meeting, Kim Il Sung shares impressions of the visit of the PRC delegation and discusses the South Korean aircraft that overflew DPRK in February 16 and students who renounced the DPRK citizenship.

  • August 03, 1958

    Plan for Vice Premier Li Xiannian to Receive and Dine with the Korean Government Delegation

    Arrangements and plans for a dinner and reception involving North Korea's Deputy Prime Minister Ri Ju-yeon.

  • August 05, 1958

    Reference Materials for the Sino-Korean Negotiations on Supplying Equipment and Constructing Power Plants

    A report on the quantity and types of industrial equipment being provided to North Korea by China, as well as the types of factories being constructed in North Korea with Chinese assistance.

  • November 22, 1958

    Record of Conversation from the Premier's Reception of the Korean Government Delegation

    Zhou Enlai and Kim Il Sung discuss the economic situation, electricity production, agricultural production, cooperativization, and the military in North Korea, as well as the withdrawal of the Chinese People's Army from the DPRK. Zhou and Kim also touched on issues relating to U.S.-Japan relations, inter-Korean relations, Chinese development, the Great Leap Forward, U.S. global strategy, Korean nationals in Japan, and Taiwan.

  • September 21, 1959

    Report by Qiao Xiaoguang on a Conversation with Kim Il Sung

    Qiao Xiaoguang, the Chinese Ambassador to North Korea, reports to the Central Committee that Kim Il Sung expressed the desire to discuss North Korea's economic development with Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi. Kim also states his support for the CCP and the solidarity of the China-DPRK relationship.

  • December 10, 1959

    Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Summary Report on Organizing Ethnic Koreans and Mobilizing Korean Immigrants to go to Korea to Take Part in Construction'

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs summarizes efforts made to organize ethnic Koreans in Northeast China to relocate to North Korea to lend support to economic construction in the DPRK.

  • May 20, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 May 1960

    Puzanov describes his discussions with Pang Hak-se on Kim Il Sung's trip to China and with Qiao Xiaoguang on Sino-Soviet relations.

  • June 12, 1960

    The Economic and Political Situation of the DPRK

    The memorandum elaborates on the rapid economic growth and development in domestic policies in the DPRK after the Korean War.

  • June 15, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 June 1960

    Khrushchev gives Kim Il Sung a copy of Mao Zedong's statements stemming from the 1956 August Incident and the joint Sino-Soviet intervention.

  • June 16, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 June 1960

    Kim Il Sung expressed indignation toward Mao Zedong after reading a statement alleging that Kim Il Sung is a traitor to the communist cause.

  • June 18, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 18 June 1960

    Kim Il Sung repeatedly expresses his satisfaction and gratitude for the conversation with N.S. Khrushchev. He then goes on criticizing Mao Zedong and Chinese party leaders.

  • June 25, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 25 June 1960

    Kim Il Sung gathers senior North Korean officials to inform them of the results of his visit to Moscow, and vehemently criticizes Mao Zedong.

  • July 02, 1960

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Károly Práth reports on North Korea's Seven-Year Plan, the difference in ideological views between the Chinese and Soviets, and Korea's relations with those two countries.

  • July 26, 1960

    Record of Conversation between the Czech Ambassador in the DPRK with the Soviet Ambassador

    A report on a meeting between Kim Il Sung and Nikita Khrushchev in which the two discussed Soviet aid to North Korea and the trilateral relations between China, the Soviet Union, and North Korea.