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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents probes the relationship between China and North Korea from the 1940s through the 1980s. While often described as being "as close as lips to teeth," this collection highlights instances of both cooperation and mistrust between China and North Korea.

  • July 31, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 31 July 1960

    In a conversation with Puzanov, Pang Hak-se expresses gratitude for the enormous aid from the Soviet Government, reports a small sea engagement with the South Korea, explains aftermath of Kim Il Sung’s visit to Moscow, and distinguish Pro-china faction members within the North Korea political community.

  • August 13, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 13 August 1960

    Puzanov and Pak Geum-cheol discuss Soviet-North Korean relations and the ongoing Sino-Soviet split.

  • October 24, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 24 October 1960

    In a meeting with the PRC military delegation, Kim Kwang-hae gives a report to express gratitude on military, economic and technical aid from China and confirms the mutual friendship between PRC and DPRK.

  • February 27, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'New Developments in the South Korean People’s Struggle'

    The Chinese Embassy in North Korea describes the South Korean movements for the reunification of the Korean Peninsula.

  • March 01, 1961

    Report, Embassy of the Hungarian People’s Republic in the DPRK to the Foreign Ministry of Hungary

    Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth reports on the changing position of the Korean Workers' Party between the Soviet Union and China.

  • March 14, 1961

    Report, Embassy of the GDR in the DPRK to the Foreign Policy and International Department of the Socialist Unity Party, GDR

    A report from the GDR Embassy in the DPRK on the impact on the DPRK of Chinese interpretations of socialist theory, the negative impacts of Kim Il Sung's personality cult, and the status of repatriation of Koreans in Japan.

  • March 16, 1961

    Chinese Policy toward the DPRK and Behavior of the Chinese Ambassador in Pyongyang

    Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth reports on friction between China and North Korea and describes several instances of discourteous behavior between the two parties.

  • March 31, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Estimates Regarding the Development of South Korea’s Current Situation'

    A Chinese analysis of the protest movements in South Korea.

  • April 18, 1961

    Report on Political Development in the DPRK

    An analysis on the political development in the DPRK, including the Juche ideology, and North Korean foreign policies.

  • May 16, 1961

    Cable from Qiao Xiaoguang, 'The South Korean Military Coup Situation'

    North Korean and Chinese analyses of Park Chung Hee's coup in South Korea.

  • May 21, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Contents of the May 18th North Korean Party Central Standing Committee Meeting'

    A Chinese report on a Meeting of the Central Standing Committee in which the North Koreans negatively reflected on the Park Chung Hee coup in South Korea.

  • July 11, 1961

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Kim Il Sung

    Zhou Enlai and Kim Il Sung discuss economic cooperation between China and North Korea, including industrial development in North Korea, Chinese economic support to North Korea, bilateral trade, Chinese training of North Korean technicians, agricultural development in North Korea, cross-border migration, and development strategies in the DPRK.

  • August 11, 1961

    Some Problems of North Korea

    A report on North Korea's attitudes toward South Korea and North Korea's relations with the Soviet Union and China.

  • September 10, 1961

    Record of Conversation between Comrade Kim Il Sung and Comrade Deng Xiaoping

    Deng Xiaoping and Kim Il Sung discuss a range of issues, including agriculture in North Korea, Koreans in Japan, and the situation in South Korea.

  • December 13, 1961

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Ri Ju-yeon

    Zhou Enlai and Ri Ju-yeon discuss steal production, agricultural production, and electricity production in North Korea as well as Sino-North Korean trade and economic cooperation.

  • December 21, 1961

    Note about a Conversation with Comrade Kohousek, Ambassador of Czechoslovakia

    The East German and Czechoslovakian Ambassadors in North Korea discuss North Korea's relations with China and Albania.

  • December 21, 1961

    Note about a Dinner with the Ambassador of Bulgaria

    Analying Korea's position on the 12th Party Congress, and Korea's behavior towards China, Albania, and other communist parties.

  • February 07, 1962

    Record of Conversation between Comrade Wu Xiuquan and Ambassador Ri Yeong-ho

    Ri Yeong-ho and Wu Xiuquan discuss China and North Korea's attitudes towards revisionism.

  • February 15, 1962

    Minutes of Conversation between Liu Shaoqi and North Korean Ambassador Ri Yeong-ho

    Chairman of China Liu Shaoqi and Ambassador of North Korea Ri Yeong-ho exchanged views on international communist movement and the growing split between China and the Soviet Union. They concurred that both China and North Korea would not take the "revisionist" path, and would instead strictly adhere to Marxism-Leninism.

  • February 16, 1962

    On the Extradition of North Koreans from China

    A report on the Chinese government extradition of four North Koreans who were former members of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee