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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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The "Second" Korean War, 1967-1969

From 1966 through 1969, a series of military clashes taking place along the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) between North Korean forces and South Korean and US troops threatened the drag the Korean Peninsula into another period of open hostility. See also, the Korean War. (Image, North Korean commando captured during the Blue House Raid, 1968)

  • December 08, 1967

    Letter from Ambassador Brie of the GDR in the DPRK to Deputy MFA Hegen

    East German Ambassador to North Korea Horst Brie reports on the growing number of incidents at the Demilitarized Zone between North Korean forces and South Korean and U.S. forces. Brie offers his own analysis of the military situation in Korea while highlighting the different views of officials from Czechoslovakia and Poland.

  • December 22, 1967

    Letter from GDR Embassy in the DPRK to State Secretary Hegen

    The German Ambassador in the DPRK discusses domestic and foreign policy developments within the DPRK, including the cult of personality of Kim Il Sung and North Korea's relationship with China.

  • January 05, 1968

    Memorandum on Two Informational Reports from the GDR Embassy in the DPRK, Pyongyang

    Ambassador Herrmann explains that the population in Pyongyang is being reduced while other restrictions are being placed upon the North Korean population owing to the tense military situation on the Korean Peninsula.

  • January 29, 1968

    Record of a Conversation with J. Rowland, Australian Ambassador to the USSR

    S.P. Kozyrev and J. Rowland debate the reasons behind the tense situation on the Korean Peninsula. Though Rowland is emphatic that the Soviet Union ought to pressure the DPRK to cease provocations, Kozyrev insists that the "DPRK is an independent country."

  • February 04, 1968

    "Information about the Situation in Korea"

    A wide ranging Czeck government report on the causes, consequences, and potential resolutions to the USS Pueblo Incident.

  • April 06, 1968

    Memorandum from Czech Ambassador Holub in Pyongyang to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Ambassador Holub reports on the DPRK's increased military mobilization and propaganda.

  • July 29, 1968

    Note on the Farewell Visit of the Polish Ambassador to the DPRK, Comrade Naperei, with Comrade Jarck on 26 July 1968 between 11:00 and 12:30 hours

    The German and Polish ambassadors in North Korea review clashes along the DMZ, the capture of the USS Pueblo, and the connections between Prague Spring and events in Korea.

  • August 08, 1968

    Note on a Conversation between the 1st Secretary in the USSR Embassy, Comrade Zvetkov, and Comrade Jarck on 7 August 1968 between 17:00 and 19:00 hours

    The East German Ambassador in the DPRK summarizes South Korea's revised and strengthened military policy in the wake of North Korea's provocations in 1968.

  • November 19, 1968

    Cable, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Concerning Armed North Korean Infiltration

    Principal Secretary of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea Zouheir Kuzbari cables Chef de Cabinet of the United Nations C.V. Narasimhan about the UNCURK Committee's decision to review and visit the eastern coastal areas, which were infiltrated by armed North Koreans.

  • November 25, 1968

    Cable, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Concerning Response to North Korean Infiltration

    Principal Secretary of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea Zouheir Kuzbari relays the UNCURK Committee's press release concerning the 30 October to 3 November 1968 armed North Korean infiltration along the East Coast of the Republic of Korea.