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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Soviet Union-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents is about the relationship between the Soviet Union and North Korea.

  • May 12, 1947

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin

    Request to send Soviet specialists to North Korea to aid them. The DPRK especially needs help in the form of engineers to help them build their railroad. Shtykov notes that if the Koreans don’t receive aid from the Soviets, they'll turn to the Americans.

  • October, 1947

    Telegram to Vyshinsky in New York

    Discusses the Korean question. One idea is that it might be resolved based upon the Moscow Agreement of 1945. Other suggestions include proposing to the Americans that both the Americans and the Soviets take back all their troops from Korean soil, and that if talks are going to be held, representatives from both North and South Korea must be present.

  • October 23, 1947

    Letter from Molotov to Stalin

    Molotov stating that according to Stalin's direction Vyshinsky's telegram about the Korean problem will be revised.

  • October 12, 1948

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung acknowledging Kim Il Sung's telegram from the 8th of October. Stalin states that the Soviet government expresses its readiness to begin diplomatic relations with the DPRK, exchange ambassadors, and start economic relations.

  • March 05, 1949

    Meeting between Stalin and Kim Il Sung

    Kim Il Sung and Stalin discuss the military and economy in North Korea, Soviet-North Korean relations, and North Korea's relations with other foreign countries.

  • March 11, 1949

    Letter to Stalin from Molotov on Granting North Korea Credit to Purchase Soviet Equipment

    The Soviet Commission on Korea prepared an official agreement between the USSR and DPRK which gives DPRK credit in the USSR to purchase Soviet military equipment and materials.

  • March 17, 1949

    Agreement between Soviet Union and North Korea

    Agreement between the government of the Soviet Union and the government of the DPRK to grant the Republic of Korea a loan to pay for the supplied equipment and materials, as well as military equipment.

  • March 18, 1949

    Protocol No. 68 of a Meeting of the Special Committee Under the Council of Ministers of the USSR

    Sea and air agreements between USSR and DPRK, establishment of regular relationships with the Korean government, agreement about proposed construction projects, transportation, agreements in regards to Korean specialists in USSR, trade establishment with Korea

  • April 20, 1949

    Telegram, Shtemenko and Vasilevsky to Stalin

    A telegram informing Stalin that there has been about 37 violations from the South Koreans over the 38 parallel, and that the Soviet government should advise the North Koreans to take appropriate measures to be ready to respond to more provocative actions from the North Koreans.

  • March 16, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinsky

    Shtykov transmits Kim Il Sung’s March 14 letter containing requests for credit in the form of arms and other military equipment.

  • April, 1950

    Record of a Conversation of Cde. Stalin with Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong

    Kim Il Sung and Stalin discuss the North Korean economy and Soviet-North Korean cooperation.

  • September 02, 1953

    Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea

    The Polish Embassy provides a list of personnel among the DPRK government delegation to Moscow and reports on Kim Il Sung's plans to visit other communist countries.

  • 1955

    The Main Issues for the Conversation with the Korean Comrades

    A Soviet memorandum containing recommendations for North Korea's political and economic development as well as foreign policy.

  • April 06, 1955

    The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea

    Suzdalev comments on the problems with a KWP CC document, "The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea".

  • May 11, 1955

    Report from B. Ponomarev and I. Shcherbakov to the CPSU Central Committee

    Ponomarev and Schcherbakov bring up issues which have arisen from a lack of communication between Korean officials in the DPRK and their families in the USSR.

  • June 13, 1955

    Report from Andreyev to the Chargé d'affaires of the USSR in the DPRK

    Andreyev reports on cultural relations between North Korea and the Soviet Union as well as industries in North Korea.

  • November 28, 1956

    Letter Fischer to Florin, North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union

    Fisher informs Florin about personnel changes in North Korean Embassy in Soviet Union.

  • May 15, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 May 1957

    Kim Il Sung requests that Military Attaché General-Lieutenant D'yakonov and other Soviet military specialists meet often with North Korean higher command personnel.

  • May 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 May 1957

    At a DPRK reception to honor Soviet military advisers, North Korean and Soviet officials emphasize friendship and solidarity between the two countries. Then Kim Il Sung reports on the five-year development of the DPRK economy under various economic sectors and foreign trade.

  • May 22, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 22 May 1957

    Puzanov meets with the PRC Ambassador to the DPRK, Qiao Xiaoguang, and tells him about his trip to Hamgyong with Kim Il Sung. Both Ambassadors express respect for the hard work of the Korean people, acknowledge the shortcomings of the DPRK economy, and discuss the movement to regulate the work style of the Korean people. Qiang is unwilling to discuss intra-Party aspects of the KWP, but he agrees to continue exchanging information with Puzanov in the future.