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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Soviet Union-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents is about the relationship between the Soviet Union and North Korea.

  • May 12, 1947

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin

    Request to send Soviet specialists to North Korea to aid them. The DPRK especially needs help in the form of engineers to help them build their railroad. Shtykov notes that if the Koreans don’t receive aid from the Soviets, they'll turn to the Americans.

  • October, 1947

    Telegram to Vyshinsky in New York

    Discusses the Korean question. One idea is that it might be resolved based upon the Moscow Agreement of 1945. Other suggestions include proposing to the Americans that both the Americans and the Soviets take back all their troops from Korean soil, and that if talks are going to be held, representatives from both North and South Korea must be present.

  • October 23, 1947

    Letter from Molotov to Stalin

    Molotov stating that according to Stalin's direction Vyshinsky's telegram about the Korean problem will be revised.

  • October 12, 1948

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung acknowledging Kim Il Sung's telegram from the 8th of October. Stalin states that the Soviet government expresses its readiness to begin diplomatic relations with the DPRK, exchange ambassadors, and start economic relations.

  • March, 1949

    Protocol Between the USSR and the DPRK

    List of agreements between the two governments that state that the USSR will leave some of their navy forces in the port of Seisin, and that the DPRK will provide the necessary housing and facilities for the troops. Troops will be excused from customs and those working for the troops can move across borders with documents decided by both the USSR and DPRK.

  • March 05, 1949

    Meeting between Stalin and Kim Il Sung

    Kim Il Sung and Stalin discuss the military and economy in North Korea, Soviet-North Korean relations, and North Korea's relations with other foreign countries.

  • March 11, 1949

    Letter to Stalin from Molotov on Granting North Korea Credit to Purchase Soviet Equipment

    The Soviet Commission on Korea prepared an official agreement between the USSR and DPRK which gives DPRK credit in the USSR to purchase Soviet military equipment and materials.

  • March 17, 1949

    Agreement between Soviet Union and North Korea

    Agreement between the government of the Soviet Union and the government of the DPRK to grant the Republic of Korea a loan to pay for the supplied equipment and materials, as well as military equipment.

  • March 18, 1949

    Protocol No. 68 of a Meeting of the Special Committee Under the Council of Ministers of the USSR

    Sea and air agreements between USSR and DPRK, establishment of regular relationships with the Korean government, agreement about proposed construction projects, transportation, agreements in regards to Korean specialists in USSR, trade establishment with Korea

  • April 20, 1949

    Telegram, Shtemenko and Vasilevsky to Stalin

    A telegram informing Stalin that there has been about 37 violations from the South Koreans over the 38 parallel, and that the Soviet government should advise the North Koreans to take appropriate measures to be ready to respond to more provocative actions from the North Koreans.

  • March 16, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinsky

    Shtykov transmits Kim Il Sung’s March 14 letter containing requests for credit in the form of arms and other military equipment.

  • April, 1950

    Record of a Conversation of Cde. Stalin with Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong

    Kim Il Sung and Stalin discuss the North Korean economy and Soviet-North Korean cooperation.

  • August 05, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Suzdalev

    Discussing North Korea's request for Soviet assistance on different restoration project tasks and the leading industrial enterprises of the country.

  • August 17, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Molotov to Krushchev and Malenkov

    Kim Il Sung expresses his wishes to visit Moscow to discuss political, economic, and military issues that might rise up after the armistice is signed.

  • August 19, 1953

    CPSU Central Committee Decision

    About the Korean delegation's arrival in Moscow.

  • September 02, 1953

    Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea

    The Polish Embassy provides a list of personnel among the DPRK government delegation to Moscow and reports on Kim Il Sung's plans to visit other communist countries.

  • 1955

    The Main Issues for the Conversation with the Korean Comrades

    A Soviet memorandum containing recommendations for North Korea's political and economic development as well as foreign policy.

  • April 06, 1955

    The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea

    Suzdalev comments on the problems with a KWP CC document, "The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea".

  • May 11, 1955

    Report from B. Ponomarev and I. Shcherbakov to the CPSU Central Committee

    Ponomarev and Schcherbakov bring up issues which have arisen from a lack of communication between Korean officials in the DPRK and their families in the USSR.

  • June 13, 1955

    Report from Andreyev to the Chargé d'affaires of the USSR in the DPRK

    Andreyev reports on cultural relations between North Korea and the Soviet Union as well as industries in North Korea.