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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Soviet Union-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents is about the relationship between the Soviet Union and North Korea.

  • May 11, 1955

    Report from B. Ponomarev and I. Shcherbakov to the CPSU Central Committee

    Ponomarev and Schcherbakov bring up issues which have arisen from a lack of communication between Korean officials in the DPRK and their families in the USSR.

  • June 13, 1955

    Report from Andreyev to the Chargé d'affaires of the USSR in the DPRK

    Andreyev reports on cultural relations between North Korea and the Soviet Union as well as industries in North Korea.

  • September 08, 1956

    Resolution of the August Plenum of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee on the DPRK Representatives' Trip to Allied Countries and Other Pressing Issues concerning the Korean Workers' Party

    The resolution discusses economic growth in North Korea and the promises of fraternal aid, and warns of the dangers of factionalism to the preservation of Marxism-Leninism.

  • September 15, 1956

    Telegram from V. Ivanov to A.I. Mikoyan

  • September 15, 1956

    Decision of the KWP CC Plenum, 30-31 August 1956, 'The Results of the Work of the Government Delegation which Visited Fraternal Countries, and Some Pressing Tasks of Our Party'

    The resolution discusses economic growth in North Korea and the promises of fraternal aid, while warning of the dangers of factionalism to the preservation of Marxism-Leninism.

  • September 17, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    Mikoyan reports on an unsuccessful meeting with a number of Korean delegates, who had clearly been prepped for the conversation, making them reluctant to go beyond instructions and provide more detailed responses about the August Plenum Incident.

  • September 17, 1956

    Official Note from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

  • September 18, 1956

    Conversation records between Chairman Mao Zedong and the Soviet Communist Party Delegation, 18 September 1956

    Mao Zedong and the Soviet Community Party Delegation exchanged views on Korean issues and a potential visit by Kim Il Sung to the PRC.

  • September 20, 1956

    Record of a Meeting between the Sino-Soviet Delegation and the Korean Workers' Party Presidium

    Both Mikoyan and Peng Dehuai strongly urge the KWP Presidium and Kim Il Sung to consider rehabilitating those involved in the August Plenum Incident. Choe Yong-geon suggests that they will be restored to the Central Committee, but not necessarily to their original positions, and certainly not to the Presidium. As for those who fled to China, both Choe and Kim say that they will be allowed to rejoin the party, but not the Central Committee and will not be guaranteed their old positions.

  • September 21, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

  • September 21, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    A meeting with Kim Il Sung reveals the main goals of the Sino-Soviet delegation: to convince the Korean Workers' Party to move away from policies of repression and to repeal the order to expel the group of accused party officials. Kim agrees on repealing the expulsion order, but not for those who fled to China. Mikoyan asks that Sino-Soviet delegation be allowed to sit in on the presidium meeting the next day.

  • September 22, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    Mikoyan stresses that the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee needs to repeal the decisions reached at the August Plenum, and instead consider rehabilitating the accused party officials. The Korean Workers' Party commission agrees that a less harsh punishment would eliminate discord within the party.

  • September 23, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    Mikoyan once again assures Kim Il Sung that the Sino-Soviet delegation's only motive in intervening is to help and advise the Korean Workers' Party. Kim vows to include the delegation's suggestions and the content of their discussions in the September Plenum. Mikoyan notes that Kim kept his promise at the plenary meeting that was held the next day.

  • September 26, 1956

    Telegram from Ponomarev to the CPSU Central Committee

    Peng Dehuai informs the Soviet delegation that the DPRK has not published the results of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Pllenum as promised. Peng suggests that if the DPRK fails to publish the resolutions, another joint delegation should be sent to Pyongyang.

  • November 28, 1956

    Letter Fischer to Florin, North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union

    Fisher informs Florin about personnel changes in North Korean Embassy in Soviet Union.

  • May 15, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 May 1957

    Kim Il Sung requests that Military Attaché General-Lieutenant D'yakonov and other Soviet military specialists meet often with North Korean higher command personnel.

  • May 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 May 1957

    At a DPRK reception to honor Soviet military advisers, North Korean and Soviet officials emphasize friendship and solidarity between the two countries. Then Kim Il Sung reports on the five-year development of the DPRK economy under various economic sectors and foreign trade.

  • May 22, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 22 May 1957

    Puzanov meets with the PRC Ambassador to the DPRK, Qiao Xiaoguang, and tells him about his trip to Hamgyong with Kim Il Sung. Both Ambassadors express respect for the hard work of the Korean people, acknowledge the shortcomings of the DPRK economy, and discuss the movement to regulate the work style of the Korean people. Qiang is unwilling to discuss intra-Party aspects of the KWP, but he agrees to continue exchanging information with Puzanov in the future.

  • May 23, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 23 May 1957

    Nam Il asks Puzanov about the possibility of a Soviet parliamentary delegation to the DPRK. Puzanov states the obstacles and proposes alternatives. Then they discuss relations with the PRC and the PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang.

  • June 08, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8 June 1957

    Kim Il Sung tells Puzanov that the North Korean delegation to Moscow seeks consultation for the first DPRK five-year plan and the development of economic ties between the DPRK and the USSR. He states the expected North Korean production increases in agriculture, industry, consumer goods, capital investment, and export goods. Kim Il Sung also articulates the intended goals of the first five-year plan.