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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Soviet Union-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents is about the relationship between the Soviet Union and North Korea.

  • July 05, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 5 July 1957

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss the KWP CC Presidium's violation of Leninist norms during the August Plenum, possible leadership transitions in the KWP CC, and how the KWP is handling individual dissidents. Later, Puzanov discusses the CPSU CC's approval for education and cultural exchange as well as the Plenum's June decisions with Pak Jeong-aei.

  • July 08, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8 July 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss a meeting with representatives of the CPSU CC and SKYu CC, the American violation of the Korean Armistice agreement, and the Korean people's mixed reactions to the CPSU CC Plenum's June decision to expose factionalists and consolidate the party.

  • August 14, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 14 August 1957

    Puzanov participates in the meeting to welcome the unofficial North Korean economic delegation's return from the USSR. In his conversation with Pak Jeong-ae and Kim Chang-man, Puzanov suggests that Soviet journalists visit many different sectors of DPRK society to provide a more thorough understanding of North Korea.

  • August 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 August 1957

    Puzanov meets with North Korean leaders at a sporting events in celebration of Korea's liberation, and they discuss friendly sports exchanges between the Soviet Union and DPRK. Kim Il Sung informs Puzanov that the DPRK will revise its draft of the first five-year plan according to Soviet suggestions before the economic delegation goes to China for consultation. Later, the Russian and Bulgarian Embassies host a successful showing of a film, and the Soviets inform the PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang of Soviet consultations of the DPRK economic plan.

  • August 17, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 17 August 1957

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss upcoming Soviet-Korean talks about border issues, the timeframe of sending Soviet specialists to provide assistance for new DPRK banknotes, and the possibility of sending Nam Il's sons to the USSR for medical treatment.

  • August 19, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 19 August 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss the possibility of Korean citizens in Japan studying in DPRK higher education institutions, matters of the DPRK's draft five-year plan and terms of trade between the Soviet Union and North Korea, factionalist activities against the KWP leadership and DPRK government, and South Korean insurgency against North Korea leading up to DPRK elections.

  • August 21, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 21 August 1957

    Puzanov conveys the USSR invitation for a DPRK delegation to celebrate the 40 anniversary of the Great October Sovialist Revolution, and then he and Kim Il Sung discuss timber harvesting, a letter to the CPSU Central Committee, aid to a Korean newspaper in the Kazakh SSR, and the exchange of friendly delegations.

  • August 22, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 22 August 1957

    Puzanov and Pak Ui-wan discuss the construction of the Soviet Embassy in North Korea, the KWP CC leadership's suspicions against factionalists, and Pak Ui-wan's efforts to clear himself of suspicion. Later, Puzanov meets with Nam Il and discusses railroad construction, the second session of the World Meteorological Organization, settling citizenship issues, and the sale of goods for agricultural products from collective farms in the Soviet Union.

  • August 23, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 23 August 1957

    Kim Il Sung tells Puzanov that he endorses organized public screenings of Socialist Revolution films. Nam Il and Kim Il Sung suggest a bilateral convention regarding dual citizenship, and Nam Il reports that the KWP CC is occupied with the investigation of anti-Party activity in the KWP leadership. Puzanov recommends that they inform the PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang about developments in this regard as soon as possible.

  • September 04, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 4 September 1957

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss preparations for a citizenship convention in Pyongyang as well as a KWP delegation's trip to Moscow in celebration of Great October. Then Nam Il solicits Puzanov's feedback on the composition of the DPRK government as described in 3 September. The anti-Party group of Choe Chang-ik, Pak Chang-ok, and others still appears to concern the KWP CC leadership.

  • November 13, 1957

    From the Journal of A. M. Puzanov, Record of a Conversation with Kim Il Sung

    Kim Il Sung describes a recent meeting with Mao Zedong, Peng Dehuai's "interference in the internal affairs" of the KWP, and his invitation for Mao to visit the DPRK, among other topics.

  • December 04, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 4 December 1957

    Pak Ui-wan relays Kim Il Sung's report that is to announced in the KWP CC Plenum and Kim Il Sung's positive review of the meetings at Moscow.

  • December 23, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 23 December 1957

    Kim Il Sung shares impressions about the work of the conferences of leaders of agricultural cooperatives and plans for similar work for industrial and military units.

  • February 05, 1958

    Record of a Conversation with Cde. Ri Dong-yong, First Deputy DPRK Minister of Foreign Affairs

    Ri Dong-yong expresses his concern regarding the incident in which eight students renounced their DPRK citizenship.

  • February 16, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 February 1958

    Ri Dong-yong informs Puzanov of the Plenum of the Pyongyang City Party Committee and the report from the DPRK Ambassador in Moscow.

  • February 20, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 February 1958

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss the reference to the two Koreas in the recent Statement of the USSR,the issue of the South Korean aircraft that has overflown into DPRK, and the PRC delegation's visit to the DPRK.

  • February 22, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 22 February 1958

    At the 40th anniversary of the USSR Armed Forces meeting, Kim Il Sung shares impressions of the visit of the PRC delegation and discusses the South Korean aircraft that overflew DPRK in February 16 and students who renounced the DPRK citizenship.

  • March 11, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 11 March 1958

    Among other personal issues, Park Jeong-ae discusses the results of the Party conference and KWP CC Plenum, in which speeches regarding the draft of the first five-year plan were discussed, some ministries were criticized, and preparations for uprising of factionalist groups are discovered.

  • March 14, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 12 March 1958

    Park Gil-ryong informs Puzanov on the recent conference, in which Ri Sin-pal criticizes the work of the Ministry of Domestic and Foreign Trade, and consults Puzanov regarding his desires to return to the Soviet Union.

  • April 28, 1958

    From the Journal of Gromyko, Record of a Conversation with Ambassador Ri Sin-Pal of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrei Gromyko records that North Korea was eager to start a nuclear program, though they insisted it was for “peaceful purposes.” The North Korean Ambassador requested Soviet scientific aid and was informed by Gromyko that the request would “undoubtedly be considered in a favorable spirit.”