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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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North Korea's First Five-Year Plan, 1957-1961

A collection of declassified documents from Russian, Polish, Chinese, and East German archives on North Korea's Chollima Movement and First Five-Year Plan (1957-1961).

  • May 29, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 May 1957

    Kim Il Sung requests technical assistance from the Soviet Unions for currency reforms in DPRK. He and Puzanov then discuss plans for elections in North Korea, DPRK agricultural and fishing conditions, progress in construction, and the exchange of delegations between the two countries. Later, Puzanov meets with the PRC Ambassador to the DPRK, Qiao Xiaoguang. They discuss the potential American bid to legalize weapons deliveries to South Korea as well as USSR and PRC consultation for the DPRK five-year plan.

  • June 08, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8 June 1957

    Kim Il Sung tells Puzanov that the North Korean delegation to Moscow seeks consultation for the first DPRK five-year plan and the development of economic ties between the DPRK and the USSR. He states the expected North Korean production increases in agriculture, industry, consumer goods, capital investment, and export goods. Kim Il Sung also articulates the intended goals of the first five-year plan.

  • June 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 June 1957

    Puzanov informs members of the North Korean leadership that the Soviet government agrees to the DPRK delegation's arrival in the USSR for economic consultation.

  • June 21, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 21 June 1957

    Puzanov and M. P. Tarasov discuss the USSR Supreme Soviet delegation's observations from its visit to the DPRK, advising Kim Il Sung on economic efficiency for industrial enterprises and corn production.

  • July 03, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 3 July 1957

    Puzanov discusses with Kim Il Sung the CPSU CC Plenum's declaration of factionalists, which Kim lauds as exemplary measures for party unity. Then Puzanov updates Kim Il Sung on the USSR government's favorable responses to the DPRK's various proposals.

  • July 07, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 July 1957

    Puzanov informs Kim Il Sung of the Soviet government's support of the DPRK position against the US violation of the Armistice agreement. Kim reports on the DPRK's progress in meeting the semiannual plan targets for industrial output and fish catch before he states his intention for a vacation after Ho Chi Minh's visit.

  • July 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 July 1957

    Puzanov tells the PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang about the June CPSU CC Plenum decision, which Qiao supports. Then they discuss the timeframe of the Korean delegation's return from Moscow.

  • July 26, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 26-28 July 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Nam Il inform Puzanov of the Korean delegation's progress in evaluating the draft of the DPRK's first five-year plan in the USSR. Then they discuss North Korean corn yields, USSR timber harvests for North Korea, and South Korea. Later, Nam Il informs Puzanov of internal matters of the KWP CC.

  • August 07, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 August 1957

    Puzanov and a KWP CC official discuss aid to Vietnam, the DPRK's efforts to overfulfill the targets of the economic plan, North Korea's nonferrous metal industry, and the DPRK's enhanced technical capabilities.

  • August 10, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 10 August 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss the use of corn for livestock feed, the need to mechanize DPRK agriculture, the city of Nampo and its industrial capabilities, and the startup of zinc production through Soviet aid in the non-ferrous metals industry.

  • August 14, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 14 August 1957

    Puzanov participates in the meeting to welcome the unofficial North Korean economic delegation's return from the USSR. In his conversation with Pak Jeong-ae and Kim Chang-man, Puzanov suggests that Soviet journalists visit many different sectors of DPRK society to provide a more thorough understanding of North Korea.

  • August 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 August 1957

    Puzanov meets with North Korean leaders at a sporting events in celebration of Korea's liberation, and they discuss friendly sports exchanges between the Soviet Union and DPRK. Kim Il Sung informs Puzanov that the DPRK will revise its draft of the first five-year plan according to Soviet suggestions before the economic delegation goes to China for consultation. Later, the Russian and Bulgarian Embassies host a successful showing of a film, and the Soviets inform the PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang of Soviet consultations of the DPRK economic plan.

  • August 19, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 19 August 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss the possibility of Korean citizens in Japan studying in DPRK higher education institutions, matters of the DPRK's draft five-year plan and terms of trade between the Soviet Union and North Korea, factionalist activities against the KWP leadership and DPRK government, and South Korean insurgency against North Korea leading up to DPRK elections.

  • August 20, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 August 1957

    Puzanov visits the construction site of a furniture factory built with USSR aid and comments on its production capacity and shortcomings. He also informs PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang of Soviet feedback on the DPRK's draft five-year plan and the internal political situation of the KWP leadership.

  • August 21, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 21 August 1957

    Puzanov conveys the USSR invitation for a DPRK delegation to celebrate the 40 anniversary of the Great October Sovialist Revolution, and then he and Kim Il Sung discuss timber harvesting, a letter to the CPSU Central Committee, aid to a Korean newspaper in the Kazakh SSR, and the exchange of friendly delegations.

  • August 28, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 28-30 August 1957

    The PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang invited a Soviet delegation to the Chinese People's Volunteers headquarters where they honor deceased Chinese People's Volunteers and Mao Zedong's son. On the second day, they visit the DPRK's largest gold mine. Puzanov gives a detailed account of the mine's production capability and the training and services provided for mine workers.

  • August 29, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with the Counselor of the Embassy of the USSR, Comrade. Makarov on 27.VIII.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Makarov discuss North Korea's Five-Year Plan and the suggestions and assistance being offered by the Soviet Union and China.

  • August 31, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 31 August 1957

    Nam Il reports to Puzanov that the KWP Presidium approved all USSR suggestions on the DPRK's draft five-year plan. They go on to discuss the commissions that exist in the Soviet Union and plans for organizing DPRK commissions. At a luncheon later that day, Kim Il Sung reiterates his gratitude for USSR consultation on DPRK economic development with Puzanov reminding the DPRK of its trade obligations.

  • September 30, 1957

    Li Fuchun’s Report on Sino-Korean Trade Negotiations

    Li Fuchun reports on negotiations between China and North Korea over trade and North Korea's First-Five Year Plan occurring from 13 September through 23 September 1957.

  • October 01, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 1 October 1957

    Kim Il Sung reports that a Norh Korean delegation is "going to Moscow with great eagerness" and reveals that a KWP Central Committee Plenum will be convened in October 1957.