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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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North Korea's First Five-Year Plan, 1957-1961

A collection of declassified documents from Russian, Polish, Chinese, and East German archives on North Korea's Chollima Movement and First Five-Year Plan (1957-1961).

  • October 02, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 2 October 1957

    Nam Il is indignant over the murder of South Korean citizens by U.S. troops and comments on Ri Sang-jo's membership status in the Korean Workers' Party.

  • October 04, 1957

    Li Fuchun’s Report on Sino-Korean Trade Negotiations

    Li Fuchun reports on negotiations over Sino-North Korean trade and North Korea's First-Five Year Plan.

  • October 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 October 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov review Soviet and Chinese advice on North Korea's economic policy during the First Five-Year Plan.

  • October 16, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Pimenov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR, on 15.X.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Pimenov discuss the situation in the Korean Workers' Party and the activities of Pak Chang-ok and Choe Chang-ik.

  • October 18, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 18 October 1957

    Puzanov and Kim Il Sung review information concerning an upcoming Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Plenum.

  • October 19, 1957

    On the Implementation of the Party's Policy in the Field of Construction

    Kim Il Sung's concluding speech at a Plenary Meeting of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea.

  • October 23, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 23 October 1957

    Qiao Xiaoguang relays the results of the trip to China by the unofficial Korean delegation headed by Kim Il, where the draft of the first DPRK five-year plan and issues of the commodity exchange between the PRC and DPRK were discussed.

  • October 24, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Pelishenko, Counselor of the Embassy of the USSR

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Pelishenko discuss the "August Group" in North Korea, providing details on the investigations and arrests that followed the August 1956 Plenum.

  • October 24, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 24 October 1957

    Nam Il informs the ambassadors of the results of the October KWP CC Plenum and expresses confident in sharp turn to be made in construction.

  • November, 1957

    Friendship and Solidarity Among Socialist Countries

    Kim Il Sung's article, originally published in Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn, thanks the Soviet Union and China for assisting North Korea while deriding American foreign policy.

  • November 03, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK and Comrade Makarov, Counselor of the Embassy of the USSR on 11.III.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Makarov discuss the economic situation in the DPRK and reveal that the DPRK has abandoned a policy of self-reliance, which has led to industrial reforms and changes in agricultural production, as well as the preparation of the first 5-year plan.

  • November 16, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comr. Botsin, the Deputy Director of the Economic Office at the Embassy of the USSR

    The document features a conversation between Brzezinski Henryk and comrade Botsin regarding the economic situation in the DPRK for the 4th quarter of 1957. Comr. Botsin states that the basic problem of the Korean economy is a shortage of cotton, iron rod, and coking coal. He provides details regarding assistance from the Soviet Union.

  • November 27, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Berentz, 3rd Secretary of the Embassy of the GDR, on 26-27.XI.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Berentz describe the aid North Korea has received from East Germany to reconstruct the city of Hamheung as well as the impact of the August 1956 Plenum on that city.

  • December 02, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Botsin, the Deputy Director of the Economic Office at the Embassy of the USSR,

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Botsin discuss the North Korean economy, Soviet aid toward North Korea's industrialization, and the training of North Korean cadres and technicians.

  • December 04, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 4 December 1957

    Pak Ui-wan relays Kim Il Sung's report that is to announced in the KWP CC Plenum and Kim Il Sung's positive review of the meetings at Moscow.

  • December 07, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 December 1957

    Kim Il sung discusses the KWP CC Plenum, which adopted a decision approving the work of the Moscow meetings and pointed to the need to further strengthen the unity between socialist countries.

  • December 07, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Cheng Wenjin, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the PRC

    Brzezinski Henryk and Cheng Wenjin discuss North Korea's Five-Year Plan, China's economic advice offered to the North Koreans, and Chinese aid to and trade with North Korea.

  • December 09, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 9 December 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss various issues between the USSR and DRK, including the process of building the Hungnam chemical fertilizer plant with Soviet aid.

  • December 09, 1957

    A Note from Sluczanski to Several Comrades in Warsaw concerning the "August Group" and the Political Situation in the DPRK

    Comrade Sluczanski describes the situation regarding the "August Group" in North Korea, stating that a number of arrests have taken place throughout North Korea.

  • December 17, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Pimenov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Pimenov discuss the situation in the Central Committee of the Korean Workers' Party and the ongoing purges of the "August Group."