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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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North Korea's First Five-Year Plan, 1957-1961

A collection of declassified documents from Russian, Polish, Chinese, and East German archives on North Korea's Chollima Movement and First Five-Year Plan (1957-1961).

  • June 11, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A. M. Puzanov for 11 June 1958

    Puzanov reports on North Korea's Five-Year Plan, Nam Il's request for medicine to treat animals, the tenth anniversary of the DPRK's founding, and North Korea's participation in a congress of the Czechoslovak Communist Party.

  • June 18, 1958

    A Report from Iwankow Boleslaw, Attache of the PRL Embassy, on the Five-Year Plan in North Korea

    A report featuring detailed statistics and information on North Korea's Five-Year Plan.

  • June 26, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A. M. Puzanov for 26 June 1958

    Puzanov recounts a meeting with Kim Gwang-hyeop and an encounter with Kim Il Sung at a farewell ceremony for the Chinese People's Volunteers.

  • July 24, 1958

    A Note from Józef Knapik, Counselor of the PRL Embassy, regarding Agricultural Development in the DPRK and the Construction of the Gaecheon-Taeseong Irrigation System

    Józef Knapik describes the plans of the Korean Workers' Party to increase agricultural production in the DPRK by expanding agricultural areas, utilizing new crops, and through the construction of the Gaecheon-Taeseong irrigation system

  • August 05, 1958

    Reference Materials for the Sino-Korean Negotiations on Supplying Equipment and Constructing Power Plants

    A report on the quantity and types of industrial equipment being provided to North Korea by China, as well as the types of factories being constructed in North Korea with Chinese assistance.

  • August 21, 1958

    Record of a Conversation with Deputy Chairman of the KWP CC Cde. Pak Jeong-ae

    V. Pelishenko recounts a meeting with Pak Jeong-ae in which the two discussed inter-Korean relations and North Korean economic planning.

  • November 22, 1958

    Record of Conversation from the Premier's Reception of the Korean Government Delegation

    Zhou Enlai and Kim Il Sung discuss the economic situation, electricity production, agricultural production, cooperativization, and the military in North Korea, as well as the withdrawal of the Chinese People's Army from the DPRK. Zhou and Kim also touched on issues relating to U.S.-Japan relations, inter-Korean relations, Chinese development, the Great Leap Forward, U.S. global strategy, Korean nationals in Japan, and Taiwan.

  • December 05, 1958

    Note from the Embassy of the People's Republic of Poland in Pyongyang

    The DPRK government adopts a resolution to join together all production cooperatives at the "li" level.

  • 1959

    A Few Questions about the Details of the Worker's Party of Korea

    A detailed description of the economic progress of North Korea from before the war to after the war, the successes of the first five year plan including the growth statistics in areas such as electric power, coal, steel, cement, and fertilizer. The inner politics of the party is discussed, mentioning the growth of the party since the war, the demographic of the party (workers, peasants, white collar workers, and an ‘other’ section). Statistics of growth throughout the years with a section on non-card carrying members and what prevents them from being members. There is a section discussing the advantages and disadvantages of the union of the country and a promise of a better life given to the citizens living in the American-occupied south. The question section at the end that invokes elaboration on many of these topics.

  • September 04, 1959

    A Document from E. Sagala, the 2nd Secretary of the PRL Embassy, regarding the Administrative Restructuring of the DPRK Government.

    E. Sagala reports on the administrative restructuring of the North Korean government and the relationship between administrative changes and economic development in the DPRK.

  • February 10, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 10 February 1960

    Pak Yong-guk reports on the decision to restructure the system of management for the economy.

  • May 16, 1960

    The Economy of the DPRK and South Korea in the Postwar Period

    Tugarinov compares the economy of the DPRK and South Korea in the postwar period, and notes DPRK's superiority in its level of industrial production and standard of living.

  • June 11, 1960

    The Economy of the DPRK

    Turaginov reports on the development of the DPRK economy in comparison to the colonial period in the areas of industry, agriculture, and living standards of the population.

  • June 12, 1960

    Report from the USSR Ambassador in the DPRK A. Puzanov to the USSR Minister of Foreign Affairs Cde. A.A. Gromyko

    Puzanov forwards a report concerning the specifics of the state and direction of economic development in the DPRK, from the point in which the first five-year plan is completed.

  • June 12, 1960

    The Economic and Political Situation of the DPRK

    The memorandum elaborates on the rapid economic growth and development in domestic policies in the DPRK after the Korean War.

  • July 05, 1960

    Report from the Charge d’Affairs of the USSR in the DPRK V. Pelishenko to the Chief of the USSR MFA Far East Department Cde. I.I. Tugarinov

    Surkov discusses the development of the machine-building industry as one of the main elements for socialist industrialization in the DPRK.

  • July 26, 1960

    Record of Conversation between the Czech Ambassador in the DPRK with the Soviet Ambassador

    A report on a meeting between Kim Il Sung and Nikita Khrushchev in which the two discussed Soviet aid to North Korea and the trilateral relations between China, the Soviet Union, and North Korea.

  • August 09, 1960

    Report from Deputy Chairman of the State Committee I. Arkhipov to USSR Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Cde. G.M. Pushkin

    Arkhipov touches upon different aspects of the DPRK economy, including industrial and agricultural development and capital construction.

  • August 18, 1960

    The 'Chollima' Movement of Accelerate the Development of Socialism in the DPRK

    Samsonov discusses the "Chollima" movement that is launched to accelerate the economic development in the DPRK.

  • September 15, 1960

    Memo about the Economic Situation of the DPRK

    This memo offers a brief description on the rapidly growing economy of the DPRK.