Repatriation to North Korea
This is a collection of documents about the repatriation and return migration of individuals of Korean ethnicity back to North Korea after the Korean War. Several waves of ethnic Koreans returned to North Korea during the Cold War, coming from Northeast China, or Manchuria, and Japan.
March 12, 1961
Investigative Report by the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture on the Outflow of Border Residents, Sent from the 4th Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security to the People’s Armed Police Divisions of the Public Security Department
The 4th Bureau of the Chinese Ministry of Public Security distributes an investigative report, conducted by the Public Security Office in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, which cites reasons and proposes solutions for the outflow of border residents into North Korea.
March 14, 1961
Report, Embassy of the GDR in the DPRK to the Foreign Policy and International Department of the Socialist Unity Party, GDR
A report from the GDR Embassy in the DPRK on the impact on the DPRK of Chinese interpretations of socialist theory, the negative impacts of Kim Il Sung's personality cult, and the status of repatriation of Koreans in Japan.
Telegram from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security to the Chinese Embassy in North Korea on Illegal Border Crossing among Ethnic Koreans
The Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security expresses concern at the growing number of illegal border crossing among ethnic Koreans of Chinese nationality into North Korea.
March 23, 1962
Instructions from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security on the Issue of Ethnic Koreans Crossing the Border to Korea
The Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security explain North Korea's complaints regarding China's inability to effectively prevent illegal border crossings and summarize the Chinese understanding of the issue and specify instructions on resolving the issue of illegal border crossings.
March 24, 1962
Telegram from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Public Security on the Issue of Ethnic Koreans Crossing the Border to Korea
The Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security announces that temporary economic difficulties in China and the failure of local authorities to process legal travel arrangements are the reasons underlying illegal border crossings between China and North Korea.
April 05, 1962
Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry
Report from Hungarian Ambassador József Kovács on criticism of Soviet revisionism from within the Korean Workers' Party and the increase of institutional paranoia in North Korea, especially of foreigners and foreign-born Koreans.
August 28, 1962
Notes from a Conversation between Comrade Durcak of the Czech Embassy in the DPRK with the Soviet Ambassador, Comrade Moskovskii, on 28.VIII.1962.
The Embassy of Czechoslovakia in North Korea comments on educational policies in North Korea and the state of Soviet-North Korean relations.
August 08, 1963
Instructions from the CCP Central Committee on Handling the Issue of Ethnic Koreans in the Northeast Going to Korea
The CCP Central Committee emphasizes the CCP's solidarity with the Korean Workers' Party and instructs Provincial Committees to quickly approve requests for ethnic Koreans to travel to North Korea.
September 10, 1963
Report from Jilin Province on the Sino-Korean Border Region Usage of Permits [for Border Crossings]
The Jilin Province Public Security Department reports to the 3rd Bureau of Central Committee Ministry of Public Security and the Department of Consular Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the use of border crossing permits among residents in the Sino-Korean border region.
April 16, 1964
Information on Some Domestic Problems of North Korea
The German Democratic Republic embassy in Pyongyang reports on the internal problems of North Korea concerning economic relationships with GDR, Koreans who migrated from Japan to North Korea, Polish-North Korean relations, and North Korean agriculture.
June 09, 1964
Protocol between the PRC Ministry of Public Security and the DPRK Social Safety Ministry for Mutual Cooperation in Safeguarding National Security and Social Order in Border Areas
The official Protocol in Safeguarding National Security and Social Order in Border Areas between China and North Korea outlines each country's responsibilities in regulating border crossings.
November 11, 1965
Record of the Third Conversation between Zhou Enlai and North Korean Vice Prime Minister Ri Ju-yeon
Zhou Enlai, Ri Ju-yeon, and Pak Seong-cheol discuss Japanese militarism, U.S. imperialism, the issue of Korean citizenship for Koreans in Japan, the Chinese 5-year plan, and military preparations.
November 14, 1967
Information Report Sent by István Garajszki to Deputy Foreign Minister Erdélyi, "Hungarian-Korean Solidarity Meeting in Budapest and Salgótarján,” 14 November 1967.
A report summarizing an agreement to repatriate Koreans in Japan and expressing Choe Guk-hyeon's views on the Indonesian Communist Party, Sukarno, and his trip to Africa.
November 20, 1967
Record of Conversation Between A.A. Gromyko and Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK Comrade Pak Seong-cheol
A record of conversation on the question of the withdrawal of the US troops from South Korea and the tense situation along the demarcation line.