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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Inter-Korean Dialogue, 1971-1972

This collection consists of select South Korean, Romanian, (East) German, and Bulgarian archival documents on the inter-Korean dialogue in 1971 and 1972.

  • July 31, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    The Park administration continues to urge that a modernization of ROK defense forces needs to take place before US troop withdrawal. In a crisis of confidence, the ROK government fears US abandonment vis-a-vis North Korea.

  • August 21, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Park Chung Hee's August 15 Address

    In a drastic change from previous policy, President Park Chung Hee called for the peaceful reunification of the peninsula. One of the prerequisites would be North Korea's uneqivocal acceptance of the competence and authority of the UN. Some believe that the strength of the ROK economy and SALT program may have prompted Park's change in attitude.

  • June 10, 1971

    Minutes of Conversation on the Occasion of the Party and Government Delegation on behalf of the Romanian Socialist Republic to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    Abridged in order to more succinctly focus on matters of Inter-Korean relations.

  • July 09, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    A UN Command officer suggests future ROK and DPRK talks should be conducted directly. The ROK government, anxious to maintain US and UN military presence in ROK, criticizes the statement.

  • July 15, 1971

    Memorandum of Conversation between The First Secretary of the Mongolian People’s Republic and the Head of Delegation of Korean Worker’s Party on the 50th Anniversary of the Mongolian People’s Revolution

    Officials of the Mongolian People's Republic and the Korean Worker's Party discuss their mutual support for the peaceful unification of the Korean peninsula, obstacles presented by the U.S. and Japan, and perspectives on the Sino-Soviet split.

  • August 20, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    North and South Korean Red Cross organizations meet to undertake the reunion of separated families. Although the event is a step toward unification, UNCURK is doubtful that the North-South relationship will improve.

  • September 02, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    A thaw in the North-South relationship is occuring, as evidenced by the Red Cross organizations' talks, ROK government's flexible policy on socialist countries, and talking points for initial contact between the two governments.

  • September 17, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Ozbudun to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Director-General of the National Red Cross of Korea Chang Woo Chu informally asks UNCURK to participate in North-South Red Cross talks. UNCURK committee decides their participation may harm the delicate situation.

  • September 18, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Ozbudun to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Ozbudun believes UNCURK should not participate in the Red Cross talks between the two Koreas.

  • October 21, 1971

    Letters, UNCURK Principal Secretary Ozbudun to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Ozbudun updates Narasimhan on domestic and peninsular political developments. President Park instates the Garrison Act of 1950 on college campuses, increasing repression tactics. The National Assembly reconvened after 12 days of deadlock over the agenda. While the Red Cross "family search campaign" is in deadlock over the agenda, the general mood is positive.

  • November 03, 1971

    Letters between Narasimhan and Ozbudun

    Ozbudun updates Narasimhan on field trips taken by UNCURK, the next meeting of UNCURK in Tokyo, the North-South Red Cross negotiations, and the National Assembly and ROK foreign policy.

  • November 11, 1971

    Letter, Ozbudun to Narasimhan, "North-South Red Cross Talks"

    Ozbudun reports on the Red Cross negotiations between two Koreas.

  • November 20, 1971

    Preliminary Meeting between North and South Korea

    North Korean delegate Kim Deok-hyeon and South Korean delegate Jeong Hong-jin discuss family meetings and agree to set up a meeting between higher ranking officials.

  • December 10, 1971

    Meeting between North and South Korean Delegates at the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission

    In meeting between North Korean delegate Kim Deok-hyeon and South Korean delegate Jeong Hong-jin, the South explains that it wants to see progress within the Red Cross negotiations, while the North presses for a meeting between high level officials.

  • December 15, 1971

    Letters between Narasimhan and Ozbudun

    Narasimhan and Ozbudun inform each other of the Red Cross negotiation agenda proposal failure and Park Chung Hee's announcement of a state of emergency.

  • December 17, 1971

    13th Preliminary Conference between Delegates of North and South Korea at the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission

    A meeting between delegates of the North and South in which both sides provide detailed responses to questions raised in a previous meeting.

  • December 30, 1971

    Letters between Narasimhan and Ozbudun

    In a series of letters, Narasimhan provides updates on the state of emergency, the Red Cross negotiations, North Korea's defense posture, the US ambassador's remarks on US-ROK relations, North Korean infiltrations, and UNCURK meetings.

  • January 13, 1972

    Letters between Narasimhan and Ozbudun

    Updates on the intensification of military tension, Park Chung Hee's commitment to war preparations through heavy and chemical industries, hypothesis on Japan's view on the Korean question, and Park's support of Red Cross talks.

  • January 20, 1972

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in Poland to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Embassy of Hungary in Poland reports on the Korean reunification question, the status of relations between North and South Vietnam, and America's involvement in Vietnam.

  • January 20, 1972

    Letters between Narasimhan and Ozbudun

    Updates concerning Park Chung Hee's New Years speech on peaceful unification, Red Cross negotiations, and ROK refusal of dual admission of the Koreas into the UN, and the 14th preliminary North-South Red Cross negotiations.