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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Inter-Korean Dialogue, 1971-1972

This collection consists of select South Korean, Romanian, (East) German, and Bulgarian archival documents on the inter-Korean dialogue in 1971 and 1972.

  • April 19, 1972

    Meeting with Director of KCIA Lee Hu-rak (1)

    Lee Hu-rak and Kim Deok-hyeon discuss the importance of holding meetings between Lee and Kim Yeong-ju in order to begin the process of building a rapport which will lead to working level meetings and laying the groundwork for reunification.

  • April 20, 1972

    Meeting with Director of KCIA Lee Hu-rak (2)

    Lee Hu-rak states that he cannot visit the North during April, but he proposes that when a high level meeting does take place a joint announcement by both sides should be made surrounding the details of said meeting.

  • May 03, 1972

    On the Three Principles of National Reunification, Conversations with the South Korean Delegates to the High-Level Political Talks between North and South Korea

    Based on Kim Il Sung's conversations with Lee Hu-rak, a number of changes have been made in this officially published record to stress the importance of the "Three Principles of National Reunification."

  • May 04, 1972

    Conversation between Kim Il Sung and Lee Hu-rak

    Kim Il Sung presents his "Three Principles of National Reunification" as he and Lee Hu-rak debate whetherPak Seong-cheol's visit to Seoul should be preceded by a visit from Kim Yeong-ju.

  • May 17, 1972

    Report from Etre Sándor, 'The visit of Korean first secretary Kim Yun-gil'

    A report by Etre Sandor on the visit of North Korean First Secretary Kim Yun-gil and Hungary’s support for Korean reunification.

  • May 25, 1972

    Report from Etre Sándor, 'Korean request about the 3rd point of the record''

    A report by Etre Sandor that records North Korea’s request to receive the full letter sent by the Chief Secretary of the South Korean Red Cross to Hungary.

  • May 31, 1972

    Conversation between Park Chung Hee and Pak Seong-cheol

    Park Chung Hee and Pak Seong-cheol discuss their commitment to the three principles of Korean unification, the need to create an atmosphere of mutual trust and respect, and the importance of resolving humanitarian issues through Red Cross meetings at Panmunjeom in order to encourage progress in higher-level discussions.

  • June 09, 1972

    Note: On Information from DPRK Deputy Foreign Minister, Comrade Ri Man-seok, on 8 June 1972 for the Ambassadors of the European Socialist Countries (except Albania)

    Ri Man-seok insists that North Korea is driving force behind the inter-Korean talks, while South Korea is resistant to their proposals for full and free exchanges between the two Koreas.

  • June 24, 1972

    Report from Kádas István, 'The visit of Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun'

    A report by Kadas Istvan on a conversation with North Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun about the US violation of the armistice treaty and inter-Korean relations.

  • July 04, 1972

    Note on Information provided by DPRK Deputy Foreign Minister, Comrade Kim Yong-taek, on 3 July 1972 for the Ambassadors and Acting Ambassadors of Poland, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Mongolia, Romania, Hungary, and the GDR

    DPRK Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs reads a written statement on the results of the inter-Korean Red Cross talks in Panmunjeom. He describes the contents of a joint communique to be released simultaneously by the governments of North Korea and South Korea. This joint declaration list principles of reunification and further cooperation between the North and South.

  • July 08, 1972

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in Yugoslavia to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A telegram expressing the views of the Yugoslavians and the Chinese on the July 4 North-South Korean declaration.

  • July 10, 1972

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Telegram, 10 July 1972. Subject: Vietnamese Reactions to the Joint Declaration of the Two Koreas

    The telegram discusses the South Vietnamese reactions to the joint declaration of North and South Korea. The ambassador expresses his reservations about it, as he fears it may disarm the revolutionaries in the South.

  • July 12, 1972

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in North Vietnam to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Hungarian Embassy in North Vietnam reports on North Vietnam's dissatisfaction with the agreements between the North Koreans and the South Koreans.

  • July 13, 1972

    Memorandum, Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Hungarian Foreign Ministry summarizes the change of the positions of North and South Korea on the unification of the Korean Peninsula, Soviet-Korean relations, and the involvement of China and the United States on the Korean Peninsula.

  • July 20, 1972

    Note on Information from DPRK Deputy Foreign Minister, Comrade Ri Man-seok, on 17 July 1972 between 16:40 and 18:00 hours in the Foreign Ministry

  • August 08, 1972

    A letter from the North Korean embassy, attached to 'Visit of the Korean ambassador'

    A letter from the North Korean embassy to the Hungarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, attached to the report by Barity Miklos

  • August 16, 1972

    Information Regarding: New Developments Concerning the Unification of Korea and Relations between the DPRK and South Korea

    The Bulgarian Embassy in Pyongyang presents an overview of inter-Korean relations, concluding that progress toward reunification is unlikely given the sharp divergences between North and South Korea.

  • August 17, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan reports on the 27th session of the General Assembly and the deadlock on the Red Cross talks, views on the new Korean agenda item, significant statements by ROK officials on the Korean Question, report of UNCURK, reported initiative of Switzerland, remarks by Prime Minister on Korean Question, the text of the statement of the Minister of Foreign Affairs on July 24, 1972, Red Cross talks, the presidential emergency order, and other matters.

  • August 28, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on visit with the ROK President Park Chung Hee.

  • August 28, 1972

    Report from Szüts Pál, 'Visit of Kim Yun-gil, the first secretary of the DPRK'

    A report by Szutes Pal on the upcoming negotiations between the two Korean Red Cross organizations in Pyongyang.