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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Demise of Detente in Korea, 1973-1975

This is a collection of documents about the end of the inter-Korean dialogue and the demise of detente on the Korean Peninsula after the signing of the historic July 4th, 1972, Joint Communique.

  • September 09, 1974

    Information about a Visit by Comrades Gericke and Stritzke to the DPRK

    Comrades Gericke and Stritzke report on the DPRK’s plans to achieve a socialist society through a technological revolution, a cultural revolution and an ideological revolution.

  • November 04, 1974

    Conversation with Comrade Pimenov, Counselor at USSR Embassy, on 29 October 1974

    Summary of the meeting addressing the invitation extended by the Soviet Union to Kim Il Sung and the relationship between the DPRK and South Korea.

  • December 17, 1974

    United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3333, "Question of Korea"

  • December 21, 1974

    Record of a Meeting between Kim Il Sung and L. Rinchin

    Kim Il Sung and the MPR Foreign Minister comrade L. Rinchin have a conversation regarding North Korean-Mongolian relations, their economic conditions and policies, and Korean reunification.

  • 1975

    Peace Agreement Suggested by North Korea

    A summary of various proposals for peace suggested by the North Korean government from June 1954 to the mid-1970s.

  • March 25, 1975

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 059.101

    Popa describes the breakdown of the negotiations at the North-South Coordination Committee, which has devolved into an "organized exchange of accusations and labels." He notes that the discovery of tunnels beneath the DMZ and other conditions have made it impossible to stall the rising tensions on the peninsula.

  • April 29, 1975

    On the Visit of a DPRK Party and Government Delegation Headed by Kim Il Sung to the PR China from 18 to 26 April 1975

    Report of the visit by DPRK officials to the PRC. This summary addresses the PRC’s and the DPRK’s relations with each other and their individual policies towards South Korea, it examines the issue of reunification and touches on the Sino-Soviet competition.

  • May, 1975

    South Korean Telegrams on Visit to China by North Korean Leader Kim Il Sung

    The South Korean Ambassadors to Germany and the United States report to the South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Kim Il Sung's visit to Communist China and the prospects of Kim's visit to the Soviet Union. A telegram from the Ambasasdor to Japan also provides a perspective on DPRK-China relations and developments in China.

  • May 06, 1975

    Summarized Evaluation of Kim Il Sung's Visit to the PR China (18 to 26 April 1975)

    A report on the visit of Kim Il Sung to the PRC, describing Kim Il Sung’s reception and the topics discussed. These include the two countries position on the Soviet Union, the role of the “Third World” and Korean reunification.

  • May 19, 1975

    Telegram from Moscow to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 050.572

    The document summarizes North Korea's prospective approach towards unification. Pyongyang envisages three different paths: peaceful, military and revolutionary. In order to support these three routes to unification, the DPRK forwards three policies: the rapid development of socialism, promotion of democracy in South Korea and reinforcement of military solidarity with the revolutionary forces of the world.

  • May 23, 1975

    Minutes of Conversation taken on the Occasion of the Romanian – Korean Discussions from May 23, 1975

    Kim Il Sung discuses the unity and solidarity of socialist and Third World countries in the struggle against United States. He also describes meetings he held with the representatives of Park Chung Hee.

  • June 18, 1975

    Information on the Talks between Kim Il Sung and Todor Zhivkov

    Todor Zhivkov summarizes his official and private talks about Korean unification with Kim Il Sung during Kim's visit to Bulgaria in June 1975.

  • June 27, 1975

    Statement by the Minister of Foreign Affairs concerning the Implementation of UN General Assembly Resolution 3333 (XXIX) on the Question of Korea

    South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs sends a statement concerning the implementation of UN General Assembly Resolution 3333 on the question of Korea.

  • July 24, 1975

    Telegram from Washington to Bucharest, No. 074.783

    Buffum and Bogdan discuss the US concern regarding the upcoming coming UN general assembly meeting, in which the issue of dismantling the UN headquarters in Korea remains on the agenda, as Buffum hopes to accompany the dismantlement with assurances protecting the armistice, but is worried about North Korea's unpredictable behavior.

  • October 15, 1975

    Minister of Foreign Affairs Miyazawa – Secretary of State Kissinger Meeting Discussion Outline

    Miyazawa's talking points on inter-Korean relations, China's influence over North Korea, and the Korean debate at the United Nations for a meeting with Henry Kissinger.