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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Korea at the United Nations

 Until 1991, the United Nations was a key battleground in the inter-Korean struggle for legitimacy and global recognition.

  • November 14, 1947

    The Problem of the Independence of Korea

    UN Resolution 112 (II), "The Problem of the Independence of Korea," calls for elections to be held and for foreign troops to withdraw in order to achieve the unification of the Korean Peninsula.

  • December 12, 1948

    The Problem of the Independence of Korea

    After accepting the United Nations Temporary Commission on Korea's report on the validity of the South Korean election, the UN General Assembly passes Resolution 195 to recognize the Republic of Korea as a legitimate government on the Korean Peninsula.

  • October 19, 1956

    CDS Report No. 20 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on his audience with President Diem, voices concern about the possibility of Japan being admitted into the United Nations, and briefly discusses recent Vietnamese internal dealings with the Chinese minority, and the possibility of Japanese reparations.

  • October 23, 1956

    Speech by Young Kee Kim at the Y's Men's Club, on October 23, 1956, on the occasion of United Nation's Day, Manila, Philippines

    Young Kee Kim outlines Korea's historical relationship with the United Nations and stresses Korea's right to attain membership of UN.

  • May 02, 1957

    Letter No. 60 from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Minister Duk Shin Choi

    A letter from the President to Minister Choi asking not to refer to Korea as the "son of the United Nations."

  • August 21, 1957

    Letter from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Minister Duk Shin Choi

    In a strictly confidential letter, President Rhee instructs Choi to prepare Thailand, Philippines, and Vietnamese governments for India's discussion of Korean Unification at the UN General Assembly meeting.

  • October 07, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 October 1957

    Nam Il comments on the murder of South Korean citizens by American soldiers and on North Korea's relations with China and the Soviet Union.

  • October 12, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 12 October 1957

    Puzanov reports on Nam Il's interest in reporting the murder of South Korean citizens by American soldiers to the United Nations.

  • October 26, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 26 October 1957

    Puzanov informs Kim Il Sung of the acceptance of Mongolia, South Korea, and South Vietnam in the UN.

  • November 04, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 4 November 1957

    Puzanov presents Pak Jeong-ae with a secret letter from the CPSU.

  • November 20, 1957

    Letter, Nam Il to Sir Leslie Munro and Mr. Dag Hammarskjold

    Nam Il, minister of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK, sends letter to Sir Leslie Munro and Dag Hammarskjold to protest against UN General Assembly meeting which adopted an resolution to accept only South Korea into UN and denounces President Rhee of South Korea.

  • November 22, 1957

    Letter from Choi Duk Shin to Gunasena de Soyza

    Choi Duk Shin expresses concern for the Government of Ceylon's unfriendly attitude toward the Republic of Korea at the U.N. assembly.

  • 1958

    Reports on the DPRK Ambassador's Visits to Prague at the Foreign Ministry

    A compilation of reports on the DPRK's efforts to gain support from other countries at the United Nations, among other issues.

  • February 20, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 February 1958

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss the reference to the two Koreas in the recent Statement of the USSR,the issue of the South Korean aircraft that has overflown into DPRK, and the PRC delegation's visit to the DPRK.

  • June 17, 1958

    From the Journal of M.S. Kapitsa, Record of Conversation with Counselor of the DPRK Embassy in Moscow Cde. Pak Deok-hwan

    Pak Deok-hwan and M.S. Kapitsa review Soviet strategies to discuss the Korean issue at the 13th United Nations General Assembly. Kapitsa also informs Pak of the repatriation of ethnic Koreans from the Soviet Union to the DPRK.

  • March 02, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 2 March 1960

    Puzanov, Pak Seong-cheol, and Nam Il discuss Korea at the United Nations and North Korea's relations with the Soviet Union and China.

  • April 29, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 April 1960

    Puzanov and Pak Seong-cheol discuss plans for a dinner at the Soviet Embassy and the possibility of having the United Nations investigate conditions in South Korea.

  • May 24, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 24 May 1960

    Pak Seong-cheol provides Puzanov with a thoroughgoing analysis of the situation in South Korea and the Korean question at the United Nations following Syngman Rhee's removal from power.

  • June 15, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 June 1960

    Khrushchev gives Kim Il Sung a copy of Mao Zedong's statements stemming from the 1956 August Incident and the joint Sino-Soviet intervention.

  • August 30, 1960

    Information Report Sent by Frigyes Puja to Minister of Foreign Affairs Endre Sík, 'Visit of Korean Ambassador Ri Dong-geun'

    Note from Frigyes Puja to the Hungarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding requests from the North Koreans for the UN session. They requested a resolution for the withdrawal of American troops, dissolution of the KDC, and admission of North Korea to the UN.