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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Korea at the United Nations

 Until 1991, the United Nations was a key battleground in the inter-Korean struggle for legitimacy and global recognition.

  • September 07, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 September 1960

    Puzanov and Kim Il Sung review their positions on the Korean issue at the 15th UN General Assembly Session. Kim Il Sung also reports on his industrial inspection of South Hamgyong Province.

  • December 07, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 December 1960

    Kim Il and Puzanov discuss how to gather support for North Korea's position on the Korean question at the United Nations.

  • May 02, 1963

    The Development of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea's Reunification Policy

    The report offers a summary and an evaluation of North Korea's reunification plans from 1945 through 1962.

  • November 23, 1963

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea

    The Chinese Embassy in North Korea reports to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on North Korea's request for international support regarding a memorandum on Korean unification at the United Nations. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs then suggests how Chinese news agencies can express support.

  • September 07, 1966

    Report on a Meeting between Enver Hoxha and DPRK Ambassador Baek Sunje

    The transcript of the conversation notes North Korea's concerns about South Korea's increasing military size and the continued existence of the UN Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea. Hoxha gives his support for the DPRK position.

  • May 26, 1967

    Letter, US Senator Vance Hartke to UN Secretary-General U Thant

    U.S. Senator Vance Hartke inquires about the pending applications of North Vietnam and South Vietnam and North Korea and South Korea to gain entry into the United Nations, as well as the procedures involved for the dual admission of these divided nations.

  • June 14, 1967

    Letter, UN Secretary-General U Thant to US Senator Vance Hartke

    United Nations Security-Genral U Thant replies to US Senator Vance Hartke's letter concerning his question on the consideration of UN admission for South and North Korea and South and North Vietnam.

  • October 11, 1967

    Corrigendum of Letter, ROK Minister of Foreign Affairs to U Thant

    The corrigendum of the letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea to the Secretary-General of the United Nations corrects the Republic of Korea's acceptance of the authority of the United Nations within the terms of the Charter to take action on the Korean question.

  • November 17, 1967

    Letter, Pak Seong-cheol to Mr. Corneliu Manescu containing "Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea"

    Pak Seong-cheol sends a letter containing "Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK" which denounces United States' enforcement of a General Assembly resolution on the Korean Question.

  • October 03, 1968

    Letter, William B. Buffum to Mr. Liu Chieh containing "Report of the United Nations Command to the United Nations"

    A letter from William Buffum containing a report on the continuation of serious North Korean violations of the Armistice Agreement.

  • November 25, 1968

    Letter, Korean Affairs Institute President Yongjeung Kim to UN Secretary-General U Thant, Concerning Resolution to Korean Question

    Founder and President of the Korean Affairs Institute Yongjeung Kim encloses his letter to President of the General Assembly of the UN Dr. Emilio Arenales in his letter to U Thant. In the enclosed letter Yongjeung Kim outlines a resolution to the Korean question and asks Dr. Arenales to circulate the resolution throughout the General Assembly before their annual debate on the Korean problem.

  • November 27, 1968

    Cable, UN Secretary-General U Thant to DPRK Foreign Affairs Minister Pak Seong-cheol

    Secretary-General of the United Nations U Thant cables to Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea Pak Seong-cheol that the two Koreas will be allowed to participate in the discussion of the Korean Question provided that they unequivocally accept the competence and authority of the United Nations and they will not have the right to vote on the decision.

  • May 14, 1969

    Note, Secretary-General U Thant to the General Assembly, concerning UNCURK Report

    Secretary-General of the United Nations U Thant transmits the report of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea in accordance with the General Assembly Resolution 2466 (XXIII) to the General Assembly.

  • June 16, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation between Pak Seong-cheol and Chimmidorj

    Pak Seong-cheol and Chimiddorj discuss Mongolian-North Korean relations, the struggle for Korean reunification, and the Korean debate at the United Nations.

  • July 02, 1969

    Cable, UN Chef de Cabinet C.V. Narasimhan to UNCURK Principal Secretary Zouheir Kuzbari, Concerning the Inclusion of Korean Question in General Assembly Agenda

    Chef de Cabinet of the United Nations C.V. Narasimhan cables Principal Secretary of the UN Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea Zouheir Kuzbari about ROK Foreign Minister Choi Kyu Hah's statement that the ROK government favors the inclusion of the Korean Question on the agenda for the twenty-fourth session of the General Assembly.

  • July 04, 1969

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Concerning Student Protests and Korean Question

    Principal Secretary of the UNCURK Zouheir Kuzbari updates Chef de Cabinet of the UN C.V. Narasimhan on Korean student protests against Park Chung Hee administration's contemplated amendment of the Constitution and the inclusion of the Korean question in the General Assembly.

  • August 18, 1969

    Cables, Director of the Executive Office of the Secretary-General Kittani to UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari, Concerning Request of Supplementary Item on GA Agenda

    Director of the Executive Office of the Secretary-General of the UN Ismat T. Kittani cables to Principal Secretary of the UNCURK about the request the addition of supplementary items to the twenty-fourth General Assembly agenda. The requests are titled "Withdrawal of United States and All Other Foreign Forces Occupying South Korea under the Flag of the United Nations" and "Dissolution of UNCURK."

  • October 02, 1969

    Statement of ROK Government Concerning the Korean Question by Foreign Minister Choi Kyu Hah

    On behalf of the government of the Republic of Korea, Minister of Foreign Affairs Choi Kyu Hah reaffirms the ROK's adherence to the purposes and principles of the UN, acceptance of UN authority on the Korean Question, and concern for North Korea's defiance of UN purposes, principles, and authority to the General Assembly of the UN.

  • November 06, 1969

    Request to Include Item in Twenty-Fourth Session of UN General Assembly Agenda, 'Need to Put an End to the Discussion in the United Nations on the Unification of Korea'

    Eighteen member states request the inclusion of an additional item entitled "Need to Put an End to the Discussion in the United Nations on the Unification of Korea" in the agenda of the twenty-fourth session of the United Nations General Assembly. The item calls for the stop of discussion on the unification of Korea in the General Assembly due to the lack of resolution in the Korean division, its creation of more complications, violation of international law, lack of moral authority, and self-determination of the Korean people to solve the unification problem by themselves.

  • December 05, 1969

    Letter, DPRK Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Concerning DPRK's Rejection of Korean Question Resolution

    DPRK Minister of Foreign Affairs Pak Seong-cheol releases a November 19 statement from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The statement conveys the DPRK's rejection of the UN's Korean question resolution, request for the withdrawal of foreign troops, dissolution of UNCURK, and Korean people's self-determined resolution.