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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Korea at the United Nations

 Until 1991, the United Nations was a key battleground in the inter-Korean struggle for legitimacy and global recognition.

  • June 26, 1973

    Telegram from Washington, DC, No.084.605, Urgent, SECRET

    Romanian officials in Washington report that they submitted the letter from the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, intended for the US congress, to the US State Department. The US official in contact with the Romanians described North Korea's attitudes towards the joint accession of the two Koreas to the UN as unrealistic.

  • June 26, 1973

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on UNCURK's visit with the president and ROK government's posture on the Korean Question.

  • June 29, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.253, Urgent, SECRET

    North Korean officials blame pressure from Japan and the US as reasons why South Korean representatives are not receptive to the North's proposals in the North-South Coordination Committee meetings. The official believes that Seoul is attempting to slow down negotiations with Pyongyang because South Korea is unstable. Pyongyang worries that Seoul's plan for joint accession to the US will enshrine the division on the peninsula.

  • July 07, 1973

    Letter from Kim Il Sung to Enver Hoxha

    Kim Il Sung emphasizes the history of Korea as one single country and lays out a five point program for the peaceful reunification. He, moreover, addresses the issue of admission to the UN and underscores that only a united Korea should become a member of this organization.

  • July 18, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan, "Policies on UNCURK?"

    Ozbudun reports to Narasimhan policies on UNCURK.

  • July 23, 1973

    Note On a Conversation with the Acting Hungarian Ambassador to the DPRK, Comrade Dr. Taraba, on 19 July 1973 in the Hungarian Embassy.

    Heo Dam briefs Dr. Taraba on South Korea's intention to apply for UN membership, North Korea's foreign relations with East and West Germany, and Kim Il Sung's new proposals on unification.

  • July 25, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan, "UNCURK's Meeting with the ROK Foreign Minister"

    Ozbudun reports to Narasimhan on UNCURK's meeting with the ROK Foreign Minister and UNCURK session.

  • July 31, 1973

    Telegram from New York to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 091.722, Normal

    Romanians note that the Chinese are worried about the possible vacuum left behind on the Korean Peninsula if the US withdraws from South Korea. The telegram notes that the Chinese will not oppose continued US presence in South Korea even after the dissolution of the UN Commission for Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea.

  • August, 1973

    Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Note, No. 01/010123/73, Secret

    Romanian official reports on the progress of the 6 year plan and the intensive industrial and agricultural projects taking place around North Korea. Alongside improvements in the living standards of the Korean people, the report also notes Pyongyang's efforts to strengthen the military capabilities of the state. The document also mentions rise in food price since 1971, North Korea's support for revolutionary movements in Asia and North Korea's plans for the ascension of a single Korean state to the UN.

  • August 30, 1973

    Letter, Melih Ercin to His Excellency Kurt Waldheim containing 'Report of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea'

    A report of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea, covering the period from 19 August 1972 through 30 August 1973.

  • September 06, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan, "Impact of UNCURK's Recommendation for Its Dissolution"

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a letter on impact of UNCURK's recommendation for its dissolution.

  • September 12, 1973

    Cables and Draft Resolutions related to UNCURK Report and Question of Korea

    Cables and draft resolutions related to UNCURK report and the Question of Korea.

  • September 26, 1973

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and Ismat Kittani

    Ozbudun sends Kittani a letter on political matters.

  • September 28, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to Ismat Kittani, "Miscellaneous Matters"

    Ozbudun reports to Kittani on Netherlands alternative representative, meeting of the Committee of UNCURK, session of the Commission for 1973, UN day reception, prospects for our local staff, and UNCURK's phase-out.

  • September 28, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to Ismat Kittani, "Timing of UNGA's Korean Deliberations"

    Ozbudun sends Kittani a letter on the issue of timing of UNGA's Korean deliberations and abduction of the former presidential candidate Kim Dae Jung.

  • October 26, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to Ismat Kittani, "Contingencies on the Korean Question"

    Ahmet H. Ozbudun sends Ismat Kittani a letter containing "Contingencies on the Korean Question."

  • November 02, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to Ismat Kittani, "The Korean Question: Floodlight from the Middle East"

    Ozbudun sends a letter to Kittani comparing the Korean Question to the Middle East.

  • November 06, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to Ismat Kittani, "UNGA Prospects on the Korean Question?"

    Ozbudun sends Kittani a letter concerning the UNGA prospects on the Korean Question.

  • November 23, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to Ismat Kittani, "Bits from Side to Center"

    Ahmet H. Ozbudun sends a letter to Ismat Kittani Korean containing issues including Algerian resolution on the Korean Question and two Koreas' membership to the United Nations.

  • November 26, 1973

    Telegram from New York to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 052312

    The document describes a consensus at the UN regarding the Korean issue after an understanding was reached between Kissinger and Zhou Enlai. Thea author observes that some of the US media believes that the US came to a compromise solution with China because Nixon wanted to avoid having more political issues.