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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Korea at the United Nations

 Until 1991, the United Nations was a key battleground in the inter-Korean struggle for legitimacy and global recognition.

  • November 26, 1973

    Telegram from New York to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 052312

    The document describes a consensus at the UN regarding the Korean issue after an understanding was reached between Kissinger and Zhou Enlai. Thea author observes that some of the US media believes that the US came to a compromise solution with China because Nixon wanted to avoid having more political issues.

  • November 29, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to Ismat Kittani, "Prospective Aftermath of Korean Deliberations at UNGA"

    Ozbudun sends Kittani a report on prospective aftermath of Korean deliberations at UNGA.

  • December 06, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 61.537

    The document describes how the North Koreans enthusiastically celebrated the consensus of Committee No. 1 over the Korean issue in the UN; however, Lazar believes that the Korean leadership has not actually grasped the full implications of the decision. In addition, the telegram describes how Pyongyang's attempt to reassert control over South Korean islands close to the North Korean shores in the Yellow Sea has created friction between the two countries. The author also mentions that North Korean support for the student movements in South Korea legitimized Seoul's harsher crackdown on the dissident movements.

  • August 19, 1974

    The Official Visit Paid by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Socialist Republic of Romania to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    The document describes a cordial bilateral relationship between the DPRK and Romania. Pyongyang expresses its desire to continue consulting with Bucharest regarding the issue of dismantling UN bodies in South Korea. In addition, North Korea notes the imperative of establishing direct contact with the United States and plans on using Washington's positive or negative response to its advantage.

  • September 09, 1974

    Information about a Visit by Comrades Gericke and Stritzke to the DPRK

    Comrades Gericke and Stritzke report on the DPRK’s plans to achieve a socialist society through a technological revolution, a cultural revolution and an ideological revolution.

  • December 17, 1974

    United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3333, "Question of Korea"

  • June 27, 1975

    Letter, John Scali to the President of the Security Council

    John Scali sends the president of the Security Council of the United Nations a letter saying that the United States supports UN General Assembly Resolution 3333 and that it will terminate UNC.

  • June 27, 1975

    Statement by the Minister of Foreign Affairs concerning the Implementation of UN General Assembly Resolution 3333 (XXIX) on the Question of Korea

    South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs sends a statement concerning the implementation of UN General Assembly Resolution 3333 on the question of Korea.

  • July 15, 1975

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, No. 059/219

    The North Koreans list the reasons for not accepting the US proposal for the dismantlement of the UN headquarters in South Korea. The source notes that the North Koreans do not want to accept the US presence in Korea nor allow the US to raise the status of South Korea. Nonetheless, the North Koreans look to the recent proposal as a "step back" for the US.

  • July 24, 1975

    Telegram from Washington to Bucharest, No. 074.783

    Buffum and Bogdan discuss the US concern regarding the upcoming coming UN general assembly meeting, in which the issue of dismantling the UN headquarters in Korea remains on the agenda, as Buffum hopes to accompany the dismantlement with assurances protecting the armistice, but is worried about North Korea's unpredictable behavior.

  • October 11, 1975

    Telegram from Washington to Bucharest, No. 075119

    Romanian diplomats report that Washington considers the situation in Korea to be very dangerous, that a withdrawal of U.S. ground forces from Korea could prompt South Korea to develop nuclear weapons, and that the Algerian-sponsored resolution in support of North Korea at the United Nations General Assembly is unacceptable.

  • November 18, 1975

    United Nationals General Assembly Resolution 3390A/3390B, "Question of Korea"

  • March 06, 1976

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 067.046

    The Embassy of Romania in Pyongyang summarizes remarks made by Ri Jong-mok, the North Korean Deputy Foreign Minister, on the military and security situation on the Korean Peninsula.

  • April 14, 1976

    Telegram from Washington to Bucharest, SECRET, Regular, No. 083.895

    The Embassy of Romania in Washington, D.C., conveys the remarks of Robert Martens, Head of Regional Affairs within the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs from the Department of State, on developments in Korea.

  • September 28, 1976

    Telegram to the President from the Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'Report on the Meeting between the Foreign Minister of the ROK and the US Secretary of State and Foreign Ministers of the ROK and Japan'

    A report on the conversation between Minister of Foreign Affairs Pak Tong-Jin and US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. The relationship between South Korea, North Korea, and the United States are discussed and linked with specific issues such as the Axe Murder Incident and conversations between US and North Korea.

  • February 07, 1977

    Telegram 084120 from the Romanian Embassy in Washington, DC, to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Washington, DC reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the Carter administration's position regarding US troop withdrawal from South Korea. It also comments on the internationally tense Korean situation.

  • March 10, 1977

    US Presidential Memorandum, Jimmy Carter Administration, North Korean Proposal for Discussions of Reunification with South Korea

    Zbigniew Brezinski rejects North Korea's proposals for talks with representatives from South Korea as of limited significance.

  • August 18, 1977

    Telegram 085099 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on North Korea's efforts to engage the US in bilateral meetings and reiterate resolutions at the next UN General Assembly. It also describes the US administration as reluctant to avoid tensions on the Korean peninsula.

  • February 02, 1978

    TELEGRAM 066.539 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    North Korea's stance on Korean reunification and the United Nations is made clear during a visit of a Soviet delegation to Pyongyang.

  • December 18, 1978

    TELEGRAM 067.056 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang presents evidence which suggests that relations between North Korea and the Soviet Union have cooled.