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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Conversations with Kim Il Sung

 This collection of primary source documents assembles a record of Kim Il Sung's conversations with foreign allies and other outsiders from 1949 through 1986, providing insights into DPRK foreign policy and domestic politics from North Korea's highest leader. (Image, NARA, RG 242, SA 2006, Item 6/38.)

  • April 17, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 17 April 1957

    Kim Il Sung and the Soviet Union trade delegation discuss the DPRK's economic conditions and terms for trade between the Soviet Union and North Korea. Afterwards, Nam Il gives Puzanov an overview of discrepancies in the North Korean and Polish delegations' draft communiques.

  • May 06, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 6 May 1957

    Kim Il Sung informs Puzanov of the DPRK's efforts to avert South Korean subversive activity against North Korea, discussions on the construction of a new irrigation system in Chonsan, and North Korea's possibility of providing food aid to South Korea.

  • May 13, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 13 May 1957

    During their discussions on the development of North Korea, the Soviet delegation and DPRK delegation exchange opinions on capital investment and consumer goods production. Puzanov then draws on his trip to Hamgyong and summarizes his conclusions on the DPRK's repairs to enterprises damaged by war, increased industrial and agricultural production, and shortcoming in meeting the needs of the population and economic efficiency.

  • May 15, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 May 1957

    Kim Il Sung requests that Military Attaché General-Lieutenant D'yakonov and other Soviet military specialists meet often with North Korean higher command personnel.

  • May 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 May 1957

    At a DPRK reception to honor Soviet military advisers, North Korean and Soviet officials emphasize friendship and solidarity between the two countries. Then Kim Il Sung reports on the five-year development of the DPRK economy under various economic sectors and foreign trade.

  • May 29, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 May 1957

    Kim Il Sung requests technical assistance from the Soviet Unions for currency reforms in DPRK. He and Puzanov then discuss plans for elections in North Korea, DPRK agricultural and fishing conditions, progress in construction, and the exchange of delegations between the two countries. Later, Puzanov meets with the PRC Ambassador to the DPRK, Qiao Xiaoguang. They discuss the potential American bid to legalize weapons deliveries to South Korea as well as USSR and PRC consultation for the DPRK five-year plan.

  • June 08, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8 June 1957

    Kim Il Sung tells Puzanov that the North Korean delegation to Moscow seeks consultation for the first DPRK five-year plan and the development of economic ties between the DPRK and the USSR. He states the expected North Korean production increases in agriculture, industry, consumer goods, capital investment, and export goods. Kim Il Sung also articulates the intended goals of the first five-year plan.

  • June 21, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 21 June 1957

    Puzanov and M. P. Tarasov discuss the USSR Supreme Soviet delegation's observations from its visit to the DPRK, advising Kim Il Sung on economic efficiency for industrial enterprises and corn production.

  • July 07, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 July 1957

    Puzanov informs Kim Il Sung of the Soviet government's support of the DPRK position against the US violation of the Armistice agreement. Kim reports on the DPRK's progress in meeting the semiannual plan targets for industrial output and fish catch before he states his intention for a vacation after Ho Chi Minh's visit.

  • July 08, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8 July 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss a meeting with representatives of the CPSU CC and SKYu CC, the American violation of the Korean Armistice agreement, and the Korean people's mixed reactions to the CPSU CC Plenum's June decision to expose factionalists and consolidate the party.

  • July 26, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 26-28 July 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Nam Il inform Puzanov of the Korean delegation's progress in evaluating the draft of the DPRK's first five-year plan in the USSR. Then they discuss North Korean corn yields, USSR timber harvests for North Korea, and South Korea. Later, Nam Il informs Puzanov of internal matters of the KWP CC.

  • August 01, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 1 August 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss aid to North Vietnam and the merger of several DPRK ministries.

  • August 10, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 10 August 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss the use of corn for livestock feed, the need to mechanize DPRK agriculture, the city of Nampo and its industrial capabilities, and the startup of zinc production through Soviet aid in the non-ferrous metals industry.

  • August 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 August 1957

    Puzanov meets with North Korean leaders at a sporting events in celebration of Korea's liberation, and they discuss friendly sports exchanges between the Soviet Union and DPRK. Kim Il Sung informs Puzanov that the DPRK will revise its draft of the first five-year plan according to Soviet suggestions before the economic delegation goes to China for consultation. Later, the Russian and Bulgarian Embassies host a successful showing of a film, and the Soviets inform the PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang of Soviet consultations of the DPRK economic plan.

  • August 19, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 19 August 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss the possibility of Korean citizens in Japan studying in DPRK higher education institutions, matters of the DPRK's draft five-year plan and terms of trade between the Soviet Union and North Korea, factionalist activities against the KWP leadership and DPRK government, and South Korean insurgency against North Korea leading up to DPRK elections.

  • August 23, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 23 August 1957

    Kim Il Sung tells Puzanov that he endorses organized public screenings of Socialist Revolution films. Nam Il and Kim Il Sung suggest a bilateral convention regarding dual citizenship, and Nam Il reports that the KWP CC is occupied with the investigation of anti-Party activity in the KWP leadership. Puzanov recommends that they inform the PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang about developments in this regard as soon as possible.

  • August 31, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 31 August 1957

    Nam Il reports to Puzanov that the KWP Presidium approved all USSR suggestions on the DPRK's draft five-year plan. They go on to discuss the commissions that exist in the Soviet Union and plans for organizing DPRK commissions. At a luncheon later that day, Kim Il Sung reiterates his gratitude for USSR consultation on DPRK economic development with Puzanov reminding the DPRK of its trade obligations.

  • September 03, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 3 September 1957

    Kim Il Sung informs Puzanov at length about the KWP's new leadership considerations, expressing his opinions about specific individuals recommended to or disqualified from prestigious government posts. Then they discuss a DPRK agricultural cooperative and bartering for the purchase of agricultural produce. Later, Puzanov meets with Pak Ui-wan, who is concerned about KWP investigations regarding his past work in addition to his alleged connection to accused factionalists.

  • October 01, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 1 October 1957

    Kim Il Sung reports that a Norh Korean delegation is "going to Moscow with great eagerness" and reveals that a KWP Central Committee Plenum will be convened in October 1957.

  • October 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 October 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov review Soviet and Chinese advice on North Korea's economic policy during the First Five-Year Plan.