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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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The Two Koreas and the Vietnam War

 This collection of primary source documents traces how both North Korea and South Korea responded to, participated in, and were influenced by the Vietnam War.

  • August 01, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 1 August 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss aid to North Vietnam and the merger of several DPRK ministries.

  • August 07, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 August 1957

    Puzanov and a KWP CC official discuss aid to Vietnam, the DPRK's efforts to overfulfill the targets of the economic plan, North Korea's nonferrous metal industry, and the DPRK's enhanced technical capabilities.

  • May 22, 1965

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Romanian diplomat discuss with a Hungarian official the state of the North Korean economy in 1965.

  • July 17, 1965

    Minutes of Conversation between Deng Xiaoping and Head of the Korean Delegation Kim Gwang-hyeop

    Kim Gwang-hyeop, Deng Xiaoping, and Kang Shen discuss matters related to the Communist Parties of Eastern Europe, Japan, and Vietnam.

  • October 23, 1965

    On the Issue of Transporting Korean Aid to Vietnam

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs provides instructions to the Chinese Embassy in Pyongyang on the shipment of North Korean aid to Vietnam.

  • February 03, 1966

    Letter to Wladyslaw Gomulka from Kim Il Sung

    A letter to Wladislaw Gomulka from Kim Il Sung containing his suggestions on providing assistance to the Vietnamese people and strengthening relations within the socialist bloc.

  • May 27, 1966

    Excerpts from Leonid Brezhnev's May 1966 Speech on Talks with Kim Il Sung

    Excerpts from Leonid Brezhnev's speech at the CC CPSU Plenum on the morning of May 27, 1966, in which he discusses his visit to North Korea and meetings with Kim Il-Sung, as well as Soviet and North Korea relations with North Vietnam, China, and Japan.

  • September 21, 1966

    General Vo Nguyen Giap’s Decision On North Korea’s Request to Send a Number of Pilots to Fight in Vietnam

    An excerpt from an official People’s Army of Vietnam historical publication describing a North Korean request to send an Air Force regiment to help defend North Vietnam against U.S. air attacks. The request was approved.

  • September 30, 1966

    Signing of a Protocol Agreement for North Korea to Send a Number of Pilots to Fight the American Imperialists during the War of Destruction against North Vietnam

    Agreement for the dispatch of a North Korean Air Force contingent to fight in North Vietnam. The agreement stipulates that the North Koreans would provide pilots for one North Korean Air Force regiment consisting of two companies (ten aircraft each) of MiG-17s and one company of MiG-21s, while Vietnam would provide the aircraft and all necessary technical equipment, maintenance, and logistics support for the North Korean flyers.

  • December 02, 1966

    First Secretary of the Soviet Embassy in North Korean Reports on Sino-Korean Relations in 1966

    A. Borunkov evaluates Sino-North Korean relations in 1966, focusing on the divergences between China and North Korea over the Vietnam War, interpretations of Marxism-Leninism, and the Cultural Revolution.

  • December 12, 1966

    Letter from GDR Embassy in the DPRK to State Secretary Hegen

    Horst Brie reports on war preparations inside of North Korea.

  • January 20, 1967

    Record of Conversation between N.V. Podgorny and Ambassador of the DPRK in the USSR Kim Chunbong

    Record of Conversation between N.V. Podgorny and Ambassador of the DPRK in the USSR Kim Chunbong in which the two discuss the state of Soviet-North Korean relations, the Vietnam War, the situation in the Demilitarized Zone, and North Korea's relations with China.

  • March 15, 1967

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, No.76.093, TOP SECRET, March 15, 1967

    Ionescu Teofil and Huang Mîoi discuss a forthcoming ‘great revolutionary event’ in North Korea.

  • May 07, 1967

    A 7 May 1967 DVO Memo about Intergovernmental Relations between the DPRK and Romania, the DRV, and Cuba

    A report on the cooperation between between North Korea and Vietnam.

  • May 13, 1967

    Memorandum on Audience for Comrades Heintze and Breitenstein with Comrade Pak Seong-cheol

    Based on remarks made by Kim Il Sung, Pak Seong-cheol discusses North Korea's military policy, relations with the United States, the Vietnam War, and the state of the communist bloc.

  • July 06, 1967

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, No. 76.247

    A Romanian assessment of North Korea's relations with Vietnam and involvement in the Vietnam War.

  • November 03, 1967

    Report on the Stance of the Korean Workers' Party and the Relations with Albania

    Albanian officials describe North Korea’s relations with the Soviet Union in 1967 as well as Kim Il Sung’s cult of personality.

  • December 08, 1967

    Letter from Ambassador Brie of the GDR in the DPRK to Deputy MFA Hegen

    East German Ambassador to North Korea Horst Brie reports on the growing number of incidents at the Demilitarized Zone between North Korean forces and South Korean and U.S. forces. Brie offers his own analysis of the military situation in Korea while highlighting the different views of officials from Czechoslovakia and Poland.

  • February 02, 1968

    Record of a Conversation with Canadian Ambassador to the USSR R. Ford

    S.P. Kozyrev and the Canadian Ambassador review Soviet policy toward the resolution of the Pueblo Incident and the connections between developments in Vietnam and the military situation on the Korean Peninsula.

  • February 12, 1968

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, TOP SECRET, No. 76.040, Regular

    The Embassy of Romania in the DPRK summarizes a declaration from the DPRK Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the USS Pueblo crisis.