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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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The Two Koreas and the Third World

 Coming from Hungarian as well as other archives, this collection of primary source materials documents the inter-Korean struggle for legitimacy and recognition across the Third World during the Cold War era.

  • December 10, 1957

    Note about a Meeting on 29 November 1957 between Deputy Foreign Minister Pak Seong-cheol with GDR Ambassador Comrade Fischer and Comrade Behrens

    East German and North Korean officials discuss North Korea's economic and political relations with India, Indonesia, Burma, Syria, and Japan.

  • October 11, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Vice-Foreign Minister Qiao Guanhua and North Korean Ambassador in China Pak Se-chang

    Qiao Guanhua and Pak Se-chang exchange opinions on the holding of a second Afro-Asian conference.

  • November 14, 1967

    Information Report Sent by István Garajszki to Deputy Foreign Minister Erdélyi, "Hungarian-Korean Solidarity Meeting in Budapest and Salgótarján,” 14 November 1967.

    A report summarizing an agreement to repatriate Koreans in Japan and expressing Choe Guk-hyeon's views on the Indonesian Communist Party, Sukarno, and his trip to Africa.

  • December 01, 1971

    Letters between Narasimhan and Ozbudun

    Ozbudun updates Narasimhan on the proposal of an agenda for full Red Cross negotiations, the ROK government's willingness to establish diplomatic relations with non-aligned countries that have relations with North Korea, and UNCURK's invitation to meet with the NNCS.

  • February 04, 1972

    Report by Dr. Pataki János, 'The visit of Korean councilor Ahn Gi-son'

    A report from Dr.Pataki Janos on the visit of North Korean councilor Ahn Gi-Son, and their discussion of North Korea’s views on various UN issues.

  • March 09, 1972

    Hungarian Embassy in Nigeria, Telegram, 9 February 1972. Subject: DPRK-Nigerian relations

    The Hungarian Ambassador to Nigeria assesses Nigerian-North Korean relations following a visit by North Korean diplomats to Nigeria.

  • February 15, 1972

    Report from Etre Sándor, 'Foreign visits of the DPRK’s governmental delegations. Visit of Comrade Pak Seong-cheol to Hungary'

    A report by Etre Sandor providing details about five North Korean governmental delegations to Africa and Middle East and the visit of Pak Seong-cheol to Hungary.

  • February 21, 1972

    Report from Etre Sándor, 'Korean delegations'

    A report by Etre Sandor on the visit of five North Korean delegations to European countries and Cuba.

  • March 20, 1972

    Report from Dr. Pataki János, 'The visit of DPRK ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun'

    A report by Dr. Pataki Janos on a conversation with North Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun, discussing Korean reunification and the invitation of some UN Representatives from Africa to North Korea.

  • March 30, 1972

    Report from Csatorday Károly, 'The visit of DPRK ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun'

    A report by Csatorday Karoly on the visit of North Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun, in which they discussed inviting three UN representatives from Africa to North Korea.

  • July 10, 1972

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Telegram, 10 July 1972. Subject: Vietnamese Reactions to the Joint Declaration of the Two Koreas

    The telegram discusses the South Vietnamese reactions to the joint declaration of North and South Korea. The ambassador expresses his reservations about it, as he fears it may disarm the revolutionaries in the South.

  • July 14, 1972

    Hungarian Embassy in Guinea, Telegram, 14 July 1972. Subject: Guinean reactions to the joint declaration of the two Koreas

    The short telegram concerns the Guinean reactions by North and South Korean declarations. The North Koreans visited the Guinea ambassador to inform him on the status of inter-Korean negotiations but the details were kept secret.

  • July 21, 1972

    Report from Kádas István, 'Information from Ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun [Pak Kyong-sun]'

    A report by Kadas Istvan on the conversation on submitting the Korean reunification issue to UN General Assembly and a visit made by a North Korean delegation to the Netherlands.

  • August 12, 1972

    Report fromk Barity Miklós, 'Visit of the Korean ambassador'

    A report by Barity Miklos on the visit of North Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun, regarding the proposed submission of the Korean issue to the UN General Assembly and North Korea’s upcoming guest performance in Budapest.

  • August 28, 1972

    Report from Szüts Pál, 'Visit of Kim Yun-gil, the first secretary of the DPRK'

    A report by Szutes Pal on the upcoming negotiations between the two Korean Red Cross organizations in Pyongyang.

  • April 06, 1973

    Hungarian Embassy in Ethiopia, Telegram, 6 April 1973. Subject: DPRK-Ethiopian relations.

    This telegram discusses a North Korean delegation sent to Ethiopia to establish relations. The question of reunification was brought up briefly, as the delegation requested Ethiopia support it at the UN.

  • September 27, 1973

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Report, 27 September 1973. Subject: The DPRK and the Non-Aligned Summit in Algiers

    A Hungarian diplomat explains the DPRK’s objectives for the Non-Aligned Movement in 1973 and the passage of a resolution on the Korean Question at the Algiers Conference.

  • January 07, 1974

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Telegram, 7 January 1974. Subject: Korean-Vietnamese relations

    The telegram speaks of the establishment of relations between North Korea and South Vietnam.

  • January 22, 1974

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Telegram, 22 January 1974. Subject: Cuban-DPRK relations.

    Establishment of North Korean-Cuban relations is the subject of this telegram. Among the issues discussed is an exchange of Cuban sugar for payment.

  • May 21, 1974

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Telegram, 21 May 1974. Subject: DPRK-Pakistani relations.

    The telegram concerns the establishment of relations between North Korea and Pakistan. The beginning of trade is discussed, with North Korea shipping chemicals and machinery in exchange for Pakistani raw materials such as cotton. The possibility of arms trade is also discussed.