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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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The Two Koreas and the Third World

 Coming from Hungarian as well as other archives, this collection of primary source materials documents the inter-Korean struggle for legitimacy and recognition across the Third World during the Cold War era.

  • November 01, 1978

    TELEGRAM 1/010020 from the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang

    The Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs reports on recent changes in trilateral relations between North Korea, the Soviet Union, and China.

  • December 11, 1978

    Telegram to Ministers of Commerce and Industry and Energy and Resources from the Minister of Foreign Affairs

    Bby presenting evidence on North Korea's penetration into trade markets in Central and South America, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of South Korea urges the Ministries of Commerce and Industry and of Energy and Resources to establish plans for overseas trade activities and for obtaining foreign natural resources for year 1979.

  • December 12, 1978

    TELEGRAM 067.069 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Iraqi government agrees to grant the DPRK an interest-free loan worth $50 million.

  • April 07, 1979

    Telegram to the Direct of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency from the Minister of Foreign Affairs, “Report on DPRK’s Foreign Minister Heo Dam’s Visit to Yugoslavia, etc."

    Report on Foreign Minister of North Korea Heo Dam's visit to Yugoslavia. The report covers the conversation between Heo and Yugoslavia on the matter of the Non-Aligned movement, Yugoslavia's support for North Korea's inter-Korean reunification, and the political situation in Indochina.

  • June 08, 1979

    Hungarian Embassy in Canada, Ciphered Telegram, 8 June 1979. Subject: Vietnamese-DPRK relations.

    The increasingly dicey relations between North Korea and Vietnam are highlighted in this telegram. North Korea continues to side with China and Cambodia in Vietnamese policies, and is pushing for Vietnamese expulsion from the Non-Aligned Movement. Such acts are bringing Vietnam to the breaking point in its relations with North Korea, heralding a recall of its ambassador from Pyongyang.

  • 1980

    The Closing Decree of the KWP Central Committee’s 6th Congress

    The KWP Central Committee plan and declaration of fortifying the unity among the anti-imperialist independent forces and expanding and developing the Non-Aligned Movement

  • March 11, 1980

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Report, 11 March 1980. Subject: Korean-Yugoslav relations.

    Kim Yeong-nam asks for military assistance from and military exchanges with Yugoslavia and discusses plans to send DPRK citizens abroad to study certain industries.

  • September 08, 1980

    Hungarian Embassy in Pakistan, Ciphered Telegram, 8 September 1980. Subject: Pakistani-DPRK and Pakistani-Japanese relations.

    The telegram speaks on the current status of diplomatic relations between Pakistan and North Korea. Among the issues discussed are the Soviet invasion and occupation of Afghanistan (and North Korea's desire to remain neutral), and Japan's stance on the Afghanistan question.

  • November 24, 1980

    Hungarian Embassy in Nigeria, Report, 24 November 1980. Subject: Contacts between the Korean Workers’ Party and the National Party of Nigeria.

    This telegram concerns the relations between North Korea and Nigeria, especially the establishment of commercial and economic cooperation.

  • November 25, 1980

    Hungarian Embassy in Ethiopia, Telegram, 25 November 1980. Subject: DPRK-Ethiopian relations.

    The status of diplomatic relations between Ethiopia and North Korea are discussed in this telegram. The then-recent Somali-Ethiopian conflict is brought up, and there is evident misgiving on Ethiopia's part regarding North Korean relations with Somalia.

  • March 12, 1981

    Hungarian Embassy in Nicaragua, Telegram, 'DPRK aid to Nicaragua'

    The Hungarian Embassy in Nicaragua notes the arrival of a North Korean cultural delegation and comments on the DPRK's government plans to help with construction in Nicaragua.

  • December 28, 1981

    Hungarian Embassy in Bangladesh, Telegram, 28 December 1981. Subject: DPRK-Bangladesh relations.

    During a visit of the DPRK premier to Dacca, Bangladesh expresses its views on the Non-Aligned Movement and talks about its domestic situation and interactions with the DPRK.

  • February 22, 1982

    Hungarian Embassy in Guinea, Report, 22 February 1982. Subject: Guinean-South Korean relations.

    Dirda notes the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two Koreas and Guinea.

  • March 11, 1982

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Report, 11 March 1982. Subject: North Korean activities in the Non-Aligned Movement.

  • September 24, 1982

    Hungarian Embassy in Pakistan, Ciphered Telegram, 24 September 1982. Subject: Pakistani-DPRK relations.

    The status of relations between Pakistan and North Korea is discussed in this telegram. One point of concern between the two nations was how South Korea kept a consulate in Pakistan, which was about to be upgraded to the ambassadorial level. The Korean reunification question also was briefly discussed.

  • October 14, 1982

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Ciphered Telegram, 14 October 1982. Subject: Pakistani-DPRK relations.

    A commercial agreement signed between Pakistan and North Korea is discussed in this ciphered telegram.

  • October 29, 1982

    Hungarian Embassy in Pakistan, Ciphered Telegram, 29 October 1982. Subject: Pakistani-DPRK relations.

    Pakistani-North Korean relations are the subject of this telegram. Among the issues discussed was the stance of Pakistan and North Korea in the ongoing Soviet war in Afghanistan. In addition a new trade agreement was signed between the two nations.

  • November 17, 1982

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Report, 17 November 1982. Subject: The visit of Pakistani President Zia ul-Haq in the DPRK.

    Sándor Etre offers an analysis of Pakistani President Zia ul-Haq's visit to the DPRK and North Korea's efforts to influence the Non-Aligned Movement.

  • February 09, 1983

    Hungarian Embassy in Indonesia, Ciphered Telegram, 9 February 1983. Subject: The visit of a DPRK deputy foreign minister in Indonesia.

    Inter-Korean relations is the topic of discussion in this ciphered telegram. North Korea is expecting Indonesian support in the Non-Aligned movement on the reunification issue. However, Indonesia maintained this was a domestic dispute and it had no place to oversee negotiations.

  • March 02, 1983

    Hungarian Embassy in Mongolia, Report, 2 March 1983. Subject: Vietnamese views about North Korean policies.

    The report concerns Vietnamese relations with North Korea. Vietnam views the policies of the ruling North Korean party to be counter to the ideals of Marxism, and has provided for strained relations. Vietnam also believes North Korea to be conspiring with China against Vietnam. The question of the Non-Aligned Movement's objectives was also a topic for discussion.