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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Inter-Korean Relations after the War, 1954-1961

 This collection presents documents on inter-Korean relations from the end of the Korean War through the Park Chung Hee military coup.

  • 1954

    The Restoration of the National Unity of Korea and the Holding of National Elections

    The report makes recommendations for elections in post-war Korea and the withdrawal of foreign troops from the Peninsula.

  • March 12, 1954

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Károly Pásztor, Hungarian envoy to the DPRK, regarding a conversation he had with Soviet Ambassador Suzdalev. He discusses the difficulties which would be involved in achieving Korean unification.

  • March 17, 1954

    Target Plans of the Soviet Delegation at the Geneva Conference on the Issue of Korea

    The Soviet Union should call for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Korea and the unification of Korea or otherwise strive to move from the armistice to an actual peace agreement.

  • September 29, 1954

    Report from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the Activity of the Embassy, September 29, 1954, written by comrade Victor Florescu, Second Secretary of the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang

    A report from the Romanian Embassy in North Korea to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs details the current states of affairs in North Korea in autumn 1954, mostly discussing the question of Korean unification, as well as prisoner exchange, North Korean economic conditions, inter-Korean relations, and North Korea's relations with China and Japan.

  • November 02, 1954

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Bucharest, November 2, 1954, 111.841

    A progress report on the preparations for the meeting between North and South Korean delegations.

  • November 02, 1954

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Bucharest, November 2, 1954, 111.845

    The Supreme People's Assembly suggests that a joint meeting of both North Korea and South Korea be organized in Seoul or Pyongyang in 1955.

  • December 20, 1954

    Memo from I. Byakov to the Charge d'Affaires of the Soviet Embassy in the DPRK

    Byakov and Petrov discuss inter-Korean relations immediately after the Korean War regarding resettlement, relocation of citizens near the demilitarized zones, and declaration of Pyongyang and Kaesong as high-security cities.

  • 1955

    The Main Issues for the Conversation with the Korean Comrades

    A Soviet memorandum containing recommendations for North Korea's political and economic development as well as foreign policy.

  • 1955

    Report from the Romanian Embassy to Pyongyang to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the Political, Economic, and Social Situation in North Korea and on the Activity of the Embassy, undated [1955]

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports on political developments, post-war reconstruction, foreign aid, and culture in North Korea in1955.

  • January 17, 1955

    Memo about the Situation in the DPRK

    A memorandum dated 17 January 1955 about the overall ground situation of North Korea. Topics range from agriculture and industrialization, power output and Kim Il-Sung's Three-Year-Plan to foreign aid from the Communist Bloc, the domestic political situation of North Korea, and inter-Korean relations after the 1950-1953 war. The memorandum concludes with suggestions on Soviet policy in the region.

  • January 31, 1955

    The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea

    A Korean Worker's Party document which discusses the incomplete nature of the revolution in which the peninsula remains divided and South Korea under American influence. The document also points out the responsibilities of the Party to complete socialist development in North Korea during the transitional period.

  • April, 1955

    Information on the Situation in the DPRK

    Soviet diplomats Fedorenko and Ponomarev report on a wide range of issues involving North Korea, including agriculture, industry, and economic conditions in the DPRK, relations with China and the Soviet Union, and the situation in South Korea.

  • April 06, 1955

    The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea

    Suzdalev comments on the problems with a KWP CC document, "The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea".

  • June 14, 1955

    Record of a Conversation with Kim Yong-jin, Chief of the KWP Department of Public Organizations

    Surkov discusses his conversation with Kim Yong-jin regarding the recent activities of the United Democratic Fatherland Front of Korea (YeDOF) and the measures taken by the Korean Worker's Party to strengthen YeDOF.

  • November 25, 1955

    Report from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the Political and Economic Situation in South Korea, November 25th 1955, 4236/1955

    A report to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs notes the growing sense of tension and division regarding Syngman Rhee's leadership while Rhee carries out "agrarian reform" by using rice needed by the workers to pay off debt and increases the size of the South Korean army.

  • December 26, 1955

    The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (A Brief Memorandum)

    A memorandum reviewing both Koreas' economic conditions and respective political makeups after the Korean War, and reconstruction efforts and agricultural shortages in North Korea.

  • June 11, 1956

    Summarizing Protocol of the Politburo Meeting with the Korean Comrades on 8 June 1956 at 1730 hours

    Discussion on North and South Korean politics and economy, with detailed account on North Korean economic development.

  • December 28, 1956

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Ambassador Károly Práth to Budapest on a conversation he had with Macuch, the Counsellor of the Czechoslovak Embassy. They discussed the inefficient organization of industry in North Korea and the ineffective manner with which Southern provocations are dealt.

  • April 10, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 10 April 1957

    Puzanov notes his protocol visits to other foreign representatives in North Korea. He relays his understanding of the DPRK's five-year plan to the Ambassador of China, Qiao Xiaoguang. Later, Puzanov summarizes Pak Jeong-ae's explanation of the need for increased vigilance against South Korea as well as news of an upcoming conference of women.

  • April 29, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 April 1957

    The DPRK Ambassador to the GDR tell Puzanov about a conference of DPRK ambassadors. He directs Puzanov's attention to the following issues: the disgrace of the former DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo, the possibility of a neutral Korea, DPRK foreign trade relations, the recall of the DPRK Ambassador from Romania, and party-government delegations from various communist countries.