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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Inter-Korean Competition, 1961-1970

 This collection of documents tracks inter-Korean relations from the time of the Park Chung Hee coup in 1961 through the opening of the inter-Korean dialogue in 1970.

  • December 23, 1968

    Note about a Conversation between Comrade Herrmann and Comrade Putivez, 2nd Secretary of the USSR Embassy, on 9 December 1968 in the USSR Embassy

    Hermann questioned Putiwtz on North Korea's foreign policy, including its relations with other socialist countries, Pakistan, and capitalist coutries while Putiwitz discussed economic cooperation and political relations between the Soviet Union and North Korea.

  • January 28, 1969

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A report on the North Korean leaders' statements on South Korean partisan struggles, especially that of Deputy Foreign Minister Kim Jae-bong. Kim addresses the need not to identify the incidents in South Korea with those in South Vietnam.The report emphasizes that such statements are becoming more objective.

  • June 16, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation between Pak Seong-cheol and Chimmidorj

    Pak Seong-cheol and Chimiddorj discuss Mongolian-North Korean relations, the struggle for Korean reunification, and the Korean debate at the United Nations.

  • 1970

    Report on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    A report traces the developments in Korea since World War II and examines North Korea’s relations with the Soviet Union as well as China and its position on revisionism.

  • February 23, 1970

    Letter, Anti-Communist League Secretary-General Jose Ma. Hernandez, Concerning North Korean Aggressions

    Secretary-General of the World Anti-Communist League Jose Ma. Hernandez raises a call to arms to the Red Cross and United Nations in response to North Korean KAL hijacking and potential biological warfare.

  • March 06, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Principal Secretary of UNCURK Zouheir Kuzbari writes to Chef de Cabinet of the UN C.V. Narasimhan about the release of the remaining 11 South Korean passengers from the KAL YS-11 plane and the NDP's boycott of National Assembly sessions.

  • March 09, 1970

    Letters between ROK President Park Chung Hee and UN Secretary-General U Thant

    Park Chung Hee asks for U Thant and the UN's support of the ROK in releasing the remaining 11 people from the KAL YS-11 hi-jacking incident in North Korea. U Thant acknowledges that he has no influence on DPRK authorities.

  • May 29, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Park Chung Hee reinforces his opposition to U.S. force reductions and worries about how the reductions will appear to the DPRK.

  • June 13, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Officer-in-Charge Osman to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Chief-in-Charge Osman updates Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan on recent ROK developments: North Koreans attacked a ROK Navy broadcasting vessel due to the belief that the vessel was in North Korean territorial waters; ROK's persistant opposition to U.S. force reductions, especially in light of the recent attack; and a discussion between Cambodian and ROK delegations concerning ROK's non-military assistance to Cambodia.

  • June 27, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Officer-in-Charge Osman to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    In connection with the 20th anniversary of the Korean War, the governments of North Korea and South Korea have made statements on the requirements for unification. Additionally, North Korean agents infiltrated the ROK National Cemetery and attempted a bombing.

  • October 16, 1970

    Letters, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Concerning DMZ Incidents and MAC

    Principal Secretary of the UN Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea Zouheir Kuzbari updates Chef de Cabinet of the UN C.V. Narasimhan on the armed clashes between North Korean infiltrators and ROK Army soldiers and proposal of joint measures between MAC and DPRK to alleviate tensions in the Joint Security Area.

  • November 01, 1971

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Embassy of Hungary in North Korea reports on a trip of Pak Seong-cheol to Moscow to discuss the unification of the Korean peninsula.

  • December 20, 1971

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Embassy of Hungary in North Korea recounts statements from Kim Il Sung regarding South Korea, Soviet-American relations, and his views of the Soviet Union.