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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Bandung Conference, 1955

Leading representatives from twenty-nine newly independent African, Asian, and Middle Eastern countries came together for the Afro-Asian Conference in Bandung, Indonesia, from 19 April-24 April 1955. (Image: Delegates attending the Bandung Conference pose for a group photo, April 1955) (See also: The Second Asian-African Conference.)

  • January 21, 1955

    Cable from Liu Guanyi, 'Report regarding the Situation of the Asian-African Conference'

    Report on Indonesian public opinion about the upcoming Asian-African Conference.

  • January 22, 1955

    Record of Conversation from Premier Zhou's Reception of the Indonesian Ambassador Arnold Mononutu

    The Indonesian ambassador tells Zhou that the Indonesian government has sent out the letter of invitation inviting China to attend the Asia-African Conference. Indonesia hopes that PRC will send delegation to this conference and that the Chinese premier will visit Indonesia. Zhou Enlai expresses that after the Chinese government receives the official letter of invitation, the government will give official reply.

  • January 29, 1955

    Report from the First Asia Department Third Section

    The Indonesian ambassador to China handed an invitation letter and memoranda to Zhang Hanfu. This report advances some suggestions about how to reply the letter and the memoranda and how to release the related news.

  • January 31, 1955

    Cable from Huang Zhen, 'The Soviet Ambassador Came to Visit and Told Me the Following Issues'

    The Soviet ambassador to Indonesia reported that when delegations discussed before the Bogor Conference whether to invite China to the Asian-African Conference, the Indian ambassador opposed because inviting China would cause the Western countries to consider that Indonesia had aligned with one of the two blocs in the world.

  • February 01, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Existence of Diplomatic Relations Between Afro-Asian Conference Participant Countries and the Jiang Bandits'

    The note details whether the participating countries in the Asian-African Conference have diplomatic relations with Taiwan.

  • February 09, 1955

    Cable from Dong, 'Record about the First Discussion on the Administrative Arrangement for the Presence of the Asian-African Conference'

    Discussion between Chinese Vice Ministers and the Chinese Premier on what kind of cars should be bought to use at the Asian-African Conference and whether those cars should be sent from China.

  • February 10, 1955

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Ali Sastroamidjojo’s

    Zhou Enlai informs the Indonesian Prime Minister that China has accepted the invitation to attend the Bandung Conference.

  • February 12, 1955

    Cable from Huang Zhen, 'Discussion of Issues relating to the Asian-African Conference during the Meeting with Sidik'

    The Ambassador to Indonesia reports on a meeting with Sidik Djojosukarto, the leader of the Indonesian National Party (PNI), regarding the Asian-African conference, Indonesian politics, and Sidik's possible visit to China.

  • February 19, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'The Joint Secretariat of the Asian-African Conference'

    Chinese report on the creation of the Joint Secretariat of the Asian-African Conference and its work to prepare the Conference (venue, broadcasting, etc.) The report also discussed the preparation of India, Afghanistan and Japan. Besides, American efforts to sabotage the conference through its vassal countries were also mentioned.

  • March, 1955

    Leter from China's Vice Foreign Minister to the Afro-Asian Secretary-General Ruslan Abdulgani

    Chinese Vice Foreign Minister informed Afro-Asian Secretary General that China did not have any suggestion for the Conference agenda

  • March 04, 1955

    Cable from Yuan Zhongxin, 'Nehru Inquired about Premier Zhou's Schedule for the Afro-Asian Conference'

    Indian prime minister asked Chinese delegation whether Zhou Enlai would participate in the Asian-African Conference. The Chinese delegate gave positive answer but without detailed itinerary.

  • March 04, 1955

    Minutes of the Meeting between Vice Minister Zhang and the Indonesian Ambassador Mononutu

    The Indonesian Ambassador to China talked to Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu about the intended official visit by Zhou Enlai to Indonesia, the issue of dual nationality between the two countries and the nature of the Chinese delegation to the Asian-African Conference.

  • March 08, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Trade, 'Plan for Our participation in theTtrade Activities of the Asian-African Conference (Draft)'

    The Department of International Trade estimated that the Asian-African Conference would be a good occasion to strengthen economic and trade relations with the participating countries. The Department of International Trade therefore made the recommendations to befriend with these former colonies for developing strong economic and political relations.

  • March 09, 1955

    Cable from Huang Zhen, 'Report regarding Asian-African Conference Issues'

    The telegram covers the rules of procedure on the Asian-African Conference and some logistic issues and receptions of the Conference.

  • March 12, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Trade, 'Scheme for Our Participation in the Trade Activities of the Asian-African Conference (Revised Draft) (Preliminary Paper)'

    The Department of International Trade estimated that the Asian-African Conference would be a good occasion to strengthen economic and trade relations with the participating countries. The Department of International Trade therefore made the recommendations to befriend with these former colonies for developing strong economic and political relations. This is the modified version of the draft plan that was issued earlier.

  • March 15, 1955

    Cable from Yao Zhongming, 'On the Premier Passing through Burma while Participating in the Asian-African Conference'

    The Chinese ambassador to Burma reported to the Chinese Foreign Ministry about the estimated itinerary and security conditions in Burma for Zhou Enlai’s visit.

  • March 19, 1955

    Report from the Premier's Office, 'Work Situation of the Preparations for China's Participation in the Asian-African Conference'

    The daily meeting regarding the preparation for the Asian-African Conference decided the number of the Chinese delegation and press, the necessary documents, and the itinerary to Indonesia and logistic issues.

  • March 20, 1955

    Cable from Huang Zhen and Peng Di, 'Regarding Journalists of the Jiang Clique Applying to Report on the Afro-Asian Conference'

    Telegram inquiring the Chinese Foreign Ministry about how to react on journalists from Taiwan registered for reporting the Asian-African Conference. The Foreign Ministry responded that the Chinese embassy in Indonesia should only inform the Asian-African Conference Secretariat to pay attention to the journalist from the Central News Agency of Taiwan.

  • March 23, 1955

    Cable from Huang Zhen, 'It Would Be Best if the Delegation Attending the Asian-African Conference has a Muslim Member'

    Huang Zhang suggests having at least one Muslim in the members of Chinese delegation to the Asian-African Conference due to that many participating countries are Islamic countries.

  • March 25, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia, 'What the United States is Doing to Indonesia prior to the Asian-African Conference'

    Report on United States attempts to influence Indonesia and improve relations prior to the Asian-African Conference.