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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Bandung Conference, 1955

Leading representatives from twenty-nine newly independent African, Asian, and Middle Eastern countries came together for the Afro-Asian Conference in Bandung, Indonesia, from 19 April-24 April 1955. (Image: Delegates attending the Bandung Conference pose for a group photo, April 1955) (See also: The Second Asian-African Conference.)

  • March 27, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Compilation of the Excerpts of the Telegrams Concerning the Asian-African Conference'

    The collection of telegrams covers the procedure and agenda about the Asian-African Conference, the arguments about China’s participation in the Conference, the attempts of the US and the UK to influence the Conference, and the attitudes of various countries toward the Conference.

  • March 29, 1955

    Report from Zhang Hanfu to Zhou Enlai

    A note to Zhou Enlai covering the following issues: draft agreement between China and Indonesia regarding dual nationality; the issues of Chinese students kept in the US by US government and the Americans kept by the Chinese government; Zhou’s itinerary to Rangoon.

  • March 31, 1955

    Regarding the Composition of the Chinese Delegation to the Asian-African Conference

    The draft list of the members of the delegation to the Asian-African Conference.

  • March 31, 1955

    Draft of the Formation of the Delegation for Participating in the Asian-African Conference

    A draft list of Chinese delegates to participate in the Bandung Conference.

  • April 01, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'The Asian-African Conference'

    The note covers the background, achievements, and influence of the Asian-African Conference. It states that the Conference was initiated because Asian and African countries gained their independence after the Second World War and wanted to tackle the imperialism and colonialism. After the Conference, there was an increase of anti-imperialism sentiment among the Asian and African countries.

  • April 03, 1955

    Minutes of Premier Zhou Enlai’s Meeting with Indonesian Ambassador Arnold Mononutu

    Indonesian Ambassador to China and Zhou Enlai talked about the Ambassador's plan to accompany Zhou Enlai to Burma before coming to Indonesia for the Asian-African Conference. They also discussed lodging for the Chinese delegation in Jakarta as well as the principle of non-interference in other countries' affairs.

  • April 04, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Draft Plan for Attending the Asian-African Conference'

    The participants in the Asian-African Conference had the common interest in pursuing international peace and national economic and cultural development. China should take the advantage of this Conference to promote national independence movement and to establish stronger relations with Asian and African countries. According to this goal, the plan listed the common issues that all participants faced, the issues that existed between China and other countries, and the issues that China alone was facing. It also spelled out the relations of China and different groups of counties in the Conference, as well as the logistic issues.

  • April 05, 1955

    Views and Suggestions of the Experts on the Asian-African Conference

    Experts gave opinions on the Asian-African Conference regarding agenda, strategies, and other logistic issues, basically stating that China had to focus on the adoption of principal issues, not substantial issues, and to show other countries that China was a peace-loving country.

  • April 09, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Beware of Enemy Sabotage'

    Chinese report on a Taiwanese plan to assassinate the head of the PRC delegation to the Afro-Asian Conference when they passed through Hong Kong.

  • April 10, 1955

    Minutes of the Meeting between Zhang Yue and Sir John Addis

    Zhang Yue informed Interim Charge d’affaires of Hong Kong Sir John Addis of the Taiwanese plan to assassinate the Chinese journalist delegate to the Asian-African Conference when they passed through Hong Kong and asked the Hong Kong authorities to pay attention to this matter.

  • April 11, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Attitudes of Various Countries towards the Asian-African Conference on the Eve of the Conference'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry examines the attitude of several parties to the Asian-African Conference, including India, Egypt, Thailand, the Philippines, and Japan.

  • April 12, 1955

    Journal Entry of Ambassador Zhukov: Breakfast With Huang Zhen

    This journal entry from Zhukov describes the breakfast that was given by Huang Zhen in honor of Soviet author N.S. Tikhonov on March 31, 1955. Zhen and Tikhonov exchanged "short greetings." Zhen then informed Zhukov that numerous newspaper reports stating that Ho Chi Minh will head the North Vietnamese delegation at the upcoming Bandung Conference are incorrect. Mao Shen, the Chinese military attache, also relayed to Zhukov his concern over security issues at the upcoming African-Asian Conference.

  • April 12, 1955

    Cable from Yuan Zhongxin, 'Plane Crash Situation Report'

    Yuan Zhongxin reports on an airplane carrying Chinese, Indian, Vietnamese, and Polish personnel to the Asian-African Conference which crashed into the sea near India.

  • April 12, 1955

    Cable from the Guangdong Provincial Foreign Affairs Office, 'Situation regarding the Loss of Our Bandung Bound Aircraft'

    Officials in Guangdong report on the plane crash and the rescue effort.

  • April 12, 1955

    Journal Entry of Ambassador Zhukov: Visit of Huang Zhen

    This journal entry from Zhukov describes a visit from Huang Zhen, the PRC Ambassador to Indonesia, on April 6, 1955. The two discuss the composition of the Chinese delegation to the upcoming Africa-Asian Conference. The Chinese delegation will include a Muslim member, which Zhukov cites as being of "great significance." Zhukov asks about what steps the Indonesian government is taking to ensure security for conference participants, particularly since Zhou Enlai will be attending. Later, Zhen tells Zhukov about some villas that the Chinese embassy has rented in a mountainous location that possess amenities not easily found in Jakarta.

  • April 12, 1955

    Journal Entry of Ambassador Zhukov: Record of Conversation with the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sunario

    This journal entry from Zhukov describes a visit he paid to Sunario, the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, on March 24, 1955. He informs Sunario that a Soviet film about Indonesia, "Around Indonesia," has been completed and he would like to arrange a viewing of the film for Sunario and other political figures, including President Sukarno. Sunario agrees and a showing is arranged. Talk then shifts to the upcoming African-Asian Conference and Indonesia's position towards SEATO.

  • April 15, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in India, 'Zhang and Kang Flew to Yangon on the 15th'

    The Chinese Embassy in India reports to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs that Kang Maozhao and Zhang Weileng flew to Yangon on April 15th and will be continuing on to Jakarta.

  • April 16, 1955

    Minutes of Conversation Between British Interim Charge d’Affaires of Hong Kong John Addis and Deputy Department Head Zhang Yue

    A Chinese Foreign Ministry representative asks for the government of Singapore to ensure the safety of the Bandung-bounded aircraft carrying Zhou Enlai.

  • April 16, 1955

    Summary of the Talks between Premier Zhou and Nehru and U Nu

    Summary of the meeting between the Burmese, Chinese and Indian Prime Ministers. The three wished that permanent economic and political institutions could be set up at the Bandung Conference but expressed doubt on that possibility and on whether these institutions could work as desired. Besides, Zhou Enlai proposed the issuance of a document to express the participants' common aspirations. The issue of the Five Principles was also touched upon.

  • April 19, 1955

    Cable from Zhang Hanfu, 'First Daily Report on the Activities of the Delegation'

    Zhang Hanfu report on the activities involving the Chinese delegation at the Asian-African Conference during the first two days of the conference.