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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Bandung Conference, 1955

Leading representatives from twenty-nine newly independent African, Asian, and Middle Eastern countries came together for the Afro-Asian Conference in Bandung, Indonesia, from 19 April-24 April 1955. (Image: Delegates attending the Bandung Conference pose for a group photo, April 1955) (See also: The Second Asian-African Conference.)

  • April 19, 1955

    Supplementary Speech of Premier Zhou Enlai at the Plenary Session of the Asian African-Conference

    Zhou Enlai claimed that although the PRC believed communism was positive, they did not come to the conference for the purpose of propaganda and wished to seek communality instead, otherwise they could have mentioned the Taiwan issue and the treatment of the PRC at the UN. He went on to stress that ideological and religious difference should not prevent countries from agreeing on fundamental points. Zhou also discussed China's opposition to interference in other countries' affairs.

  • April 19, 1955

    Main Speech by Premier Zhou Enlai, Head of the Delegation of the People's Republic of China, Distributed at the Plenary Session of the Asian-African Conference

    Zhou Enlai calls for increased cooperation between the countries of Asia and Africa at the Bandung Conference.

  • April 20, 1955

    Cable from Zhang Hanfu, 'Second Daily Report on the Activities of the Delegation'

    Zhang Hanfu’s Telegrams to PRC Foreign Ministry reporting on the Chinese Delegation's Activities at the Afro-Asian conference on April 19

  • April 20, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Commerce Department, 'Views on the Supplementary Section of the Plan to Participate in Trade Activities of the Asian-African Conference'

    Chinese Foreign Ministry instructed the Chinese delegation at the Asian-African Conference to develop bilateral trade and system of payment instead of triangular and multilateral trade. The Ministry was also opposed to the creation of a payment union.

  • April 21, 1955

    Cable from Zhang Hanfu, 'Daily Report on the Activities of the Delegation'

    Zhang Hanfu’s telegrams to PRC Foreign Ministry reporting on the Chinese Delegation's Activities at the Afro-Asian conference on April 20 and 21

  • April 23, 1955

    Cable from Zhang Hanfu, 'Daily Activities Log'

    Zhang Hanfu reported on the activities involving the PRC Delegation at the Asian-African Conference

  • April 23, 1955

    Zhou Enlai’s Speech at the Political Committee of the Afro-Asian Conference

    Zhou Enlai discussed communist expansion, subversive activities and the prospect of peace, during which he mentioned the relation between Pakistan and China. He also put forth the Chinese motion that the Conference should have a peace declaration of seven points: Mutual respect of sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-adoption of invasive action or threats, mutual non-interference of internal affairs, acknowledgment of racial equality, acknowledgment of equality of countries, recognition of people's right to decide their own political and economic systems, and mutual non-detriment.

  • April 24, 1955

    Speech by Premier Zhou Enlai at the Closing Session of the Asian-African Conference

    Premier Zhou praises the delegates at the Bandung Conference for their work in opposing colonialism, safeguarding world peace, and promoting friendly cooperation among African and Asian countries, while beseeching them to join China in working towards the peaceful unification of Korea and eliminating the tension in the Taiwan area.

  • April 25, 1955

    Cable from Zhang Hanfu, 'Our Delegation’s Activities on the 24th'

    Zhang Hanfu reported the activities of the Chinese delegation at the Asian-African Conference

  • April 25, 1955

    Cable from Zhang Wentian to Zhou Enlai, 'Regarding Estimates of the Asian-Africa Conference'

    After the Asian-African Conference, Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Wentian asked Zhou Enlai for instruction on how to propagandize the conference.

  • April 25, 1955

    Cable from Zhou Enlai, 'Reply to Inquiry Regarding the Achievements of the Asian-African Conference and Main Points for Propaganda'

    Zhou Enlai told Zhang Wentian that the Asian-African Conference was successful in affirming the common wishes of anti-colonialism, maintenance of peace and friendly cooperation. Zhou advised Zhang to wait until the effect of the Conference have become clearer and monitor the reaction in other countries.

  • April 25, 1955

    Cable from Zhou Enlai, 'Specific Refutations against the American Disruption of Influence of the Afro-Asian Conference'

    Zhou Enlai's instructions to Wen Tian on countering the "Soviet neocolonialism" and "various forms of colonialism" argument from pro-American countries.

  • April 28, 1955

    Chinese Foreign Ministry Reference Document No.1

    Chinese Reference Document No. 1 which includes the following articles: Ike says to correspondents that the USA is willing to hold direct negotiations with New China Britain wishes to be a loyal mediator between New China and the USA Burmese newspapers’ comments on Taiwan issue Nehru, Nasir and others speak to correspondents in Calcutta Menzies’s comments on Zhou Enlai’s proposal Kotalawela’s comment on the Asian-African Conference USA and Red China Bright prospect Bright prospect The Five States of the Colombo Conference and the USA Comments of the prime ministers of India, Pakistan and Egypt on the Asian-African Conference The Bandung Conference The Five States of the Colombo Conference and the USA. Allen’s comments on the Asian-African Conference Pakistan and Egypt on the Asian-African Conference

  • April 30, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Prepare to Send Kang Maozhao and Zhang Weileng to Indonesia'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry wants additional Chinese journalists to participate in the Bandung Conference.

  • April 30, 1955

    Zhou Enlai’s Report to the CCP Central Committee and Mao Zedong Regarding the Cultural Cooperation Issue

    Zhou Enlai reports on the various attitudes of the Bandung Conference participants towards Afro-Asian cultural cooperation.

  • April 30, 1955

    Zhou Enlai’s Report to the CCP Central Committee and Mao Zedong Regarding the Economic Cooperation Issue

  • April 30, 1955

    Zhou Enlai’s Telegram to the CCP Central Committee and Mao Zedong regarding the Discussion of Political Issues

  • May 10, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Comments on the Asian-African Conference from Capitalist Ruled Countries After the Asian-African Conference'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry summarizes (predominantly) Western leaders' statements about the Bandung Conference. Secretary Dulles expressed great satisfaction with the "useful and good conference," especially its role in "checking China," while Great Britain expressed strong disapproval of China's behavior at the conference and France was "shocked" that Algeria was discussed. Israel and Australia expressed regret that they were excluded from the conference.

  • May 10, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Comments on the Asian-African Conference from the Participating Countries After the Conference'

    Description of the reaction to the Asian-African Conference in both participating countries and capitalist ruled countries.

  • May 11, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Several Distorted Views on the Asian-African Conference'

    A Chinese report on interpretations of the Asian-African Conference around the world that they found "distorted", including topics like colonialism, collective self-defense, views on the UN, the ten principles of peace and cooperation, and mutual cooperation in the development of Asia and Africa.