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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-Southeast Asia Relations

China was a major player in Cold War Southeast Asia, advocating for socialist revolutions and directly supporting independence struggles.

  • June 28, 1950

    Letter of Credence, Suit, and Thank You Speech from Burma’s Chief Ambassador to China U Myint Thein

    Burmese Ambassador U Myint Thein offers kind words to the Chinese government.

  • September 29, 1950

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Burma, 'Burma’s Congratulatory Telegram to China for National Day'

    President of Burma Sao Shwe Thaik congratulates Mao Zedong on the anniversary of the PRC's founding.

  • October 11, 1950

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Burma, 'National Day Celebration Task Summary'

    The Chinese Embassy in Report reports on its efforts to commemorate the one year anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.

  • October 23, 1950

    Burmese Foreign Minister’s Statement to Chinese Ambassador during a Large Gathering of Ethnic Chinese, His Perspective, and Our Ideas for a Resolution

    The Burmese Foreign Minister is critical of Chinese Ambassador Yao Zhongming's anti-American remarks.

  • May 22, 1953

    Remarks of Premier Zhou Enlai receiving the Burmese Government Labor Commission

    Zhou Enlai asks that Burma avoid trading and cooperating with the United States.

  • April 04, 1954

    Draft Memorandum, 'A Comprehensive Solution for Restoring Peace in Indochina,' Prepared by the Vietnam Group of the Chinese Delegation Attending the Geneva Conference

    The Vietnam group of the Chinese delegation offers a solution involving peaceful unification within Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, so that these nations can govern themselves as independent, sovereign states.

  • June 28, 1954

    Record of the First Meeting between Premier Zhou and Prime Minister U Nu

    Zhou Enlai and U Nu first talked about the decision made on the Geneva Conference regarding the armistice in the Korean Peninsula and the role of the US in it. Then they talked about the elements that complicated the Sino-Burmese relations and the need for building mutual trust and signing a non-political agreement. They also discussed the principles they would have in a joint statement before the signing of this potential agreement.

  • June 29, 1954

    Record of the Second Meeting between Premier Zhou and Prime Minister U Nu

    Zhou Enlai and U Nu first talked about the decision made on the Geneva Conference regarding the armistice in the Korean Peninsula and the role of the US in it. Then they talked about the elements that complicated the Sino-Burmese relations and the need for building mutual trust and signing a non-political agreement. They also discussed the principles they would have in a joint statement before the signing of this potential agreement.

  • July 10, 1954

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Zhou Enlai's Conversations with the Ambassadors of India, Indonesia, and Burma'

    Telegram from the Foreign Ministry to Chinese ambassadors to India, Indonesia, Burma, and Pakistan briefing on the conversations between Zhou Enlai and the ambassadors of India, Indonesia, and Burma.

  • July 15, 1954

    Report, UN Department of Political and Security Council Affairs, 'The Question before the United Nations of Complaint by the Union of CF Burma regarding Aggression Against It by the Government of the Republic of China'

    The Department of Political and Security Council Affairs compiles a timeline and list of documents related to the complaint by Burma against the Republic of China.

  • September 25, 1954

    Chinese Communist Party, Plan of Action for Welcoming Home the Chinese Internationals

    A work plan on Chinese Communist Party strategies for engaging the Overseas Chinese in Burma, Indonesia, India, and South Africa, among other regions.

  • January 22, 1955

    Record of Conversation from Premier Zhou's Reception of the Indonesian Ambassador Arnold Mononutu

    The Indonesian ambassador tells Zhou that the Indonesian government has sent out the letter of invitation inviting China to attend the Asia-African Conference. Indonesia hopes that PRC will send delegation to this conference and that the Chinese premier will visit Indonesia. Zhou Enlai expresses that after the Chinese government receives the official letter of invitation, the government will give official reply.

  • February 12, 1955

    Cable from Huang Zhen, 'Discussion of Issues relating to the Asian-African Conference during the Meeting with Sidik'

    The Ambassador to Indonesia reports on a meeting with Sidik Djojosukarto, the leader of the Indonesian National Party (PNI), regarding the Asian-African conference, Indonesian politics, and Sidik's possible visit to China.

  • February 25, 1955

    Abstract of Conversation: Chinese Premier Zhou receives Trevelyan

    Zhou Enlai and Trevelyan debated on the nature of the Manila Treaty and its implications for the Geneva Agreement.They also discussed the issue of the Dai Autonomous Region between China and Thailand and the legal status of Taiwan.

  • March 04, 1955

    Minutes of the Meeting between Vice Minister Zhang and the Indonesian Ambassador Mononutu

    The Indonesian Ambassador to China talked to Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu about the intended official visit by Zhou Enlai to Indonesia, the issue of dual nationality between the two countries and the nature of the Chinese delegation to the Asian-African Conference.

  • March 15, 1955

    Cable from Yao Zhongming, 'On the Premier Passing through Burma while Participating in the Asian-African Conference'

    The Chinese ambassador to Burma reported to the Chinese Foreign Ministry about the estimated itinerary and security conditions in Burma for Zhou Enlai’s visit.

  • March 29, 1955

    Report from Zhang Hanfu to Zhou Enlai

    A note to Zhou Enlai covering the following issues: draft agreement between China and Indonesia regarding dual nationality; the issues of Chinese students kept in the US by US government and the Americans kept by the Chinese government; Zhou’s itinerary to Rangoon.

  • April 03, 1955

    Record of Conversation from Premier Zhou Enlai's Reception of Ambassador U Hla Maung

    U Hla Maung and Zhou Enlai discuss the logistics of Zhou's travel to Burma, and U offers Zhou some gifts from the Burmese government. They also discuss a western plot to sabotage the China-Burma relations.

  • April 03, 1955

    Minutes of Premier Zhou Enlai’s Meeting with Indonesian Ambassador Arnold Mononutu

    Indonesian Ambassador to China and Zhou Enlai talked about the Ambassador's plan to accompany Zhou Enlai to Burma before coming to Indonesia for the Asian-African Conference. They also discussed lodging for the Chinese delegation in Jakarta as well as the principle of non-interference in other countries' affairs.

  • April 16, 1955

    Summary of the Talks between Premier Zhou and Nehru and U Nu

    Summary of the meeting between the Burmese, Chinese and Indian Prime Ministers. The three wished that permanent economic and political institutions could be set up at the Bandung Conference but expressed doubt on that possibility and on whether these institutions could work as desired. Besides, Zhou Enlai proposed the issuance of a document to express the participants' common aspirations. The issue of the Five Principles was also touched upon.