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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-Southeast Asia Relations

China was a major player in Cold War Southeast Asia, advocating for socialist revolutions and directly supporting independence struggles.

  • November 30, 1962

    Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Huang Zhen and Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk

    Huang Zhen and Sihanouk discus the Sino-Indian dispute, an international conference on Cambodian neutrality and territorial integrity and the boundary issue between Cambodia and Thailand and South Vietnam

  • December 24, 1962

    Cable from Yao Zhongming, 'Conversation with Sukarno'

    Yao Zhongming and Sukarno talked about the Six-Nation Conference and its implications for the Sino-Indian border conflict. Besides, the issue of Subandrio and Mrs. Bandaranaike visiting China was also discussed.

  • January 07, 1963

    Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Vice Premier Chen Yi and Indonesian Deputy Prime Minister Subandrio

    Chen Yi and Subandrio discussed the following topics: Whether or not Subandrio should accompany Mrs. Bandaranaike to India, the defeat of the Indian 4th Infantry Division, Soviet blunders in the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Sino-Soviet split, and the Indonesian economic prospects.

  • January 30, 1963

    Summary of Trade Negotiations with Korea and Vietnam for 1963

    A Chinese report regarding its successful conclusion and prompt signing of two trade agreements with North Korea and Vietnam in 1963.

  • February 15, 1963

    Memorandum of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Conversation with Prince Sihanouk

    Mao Zedong and Norodom Sihanouk exchange views on capitalist and imperialist countries, particularly on India, the US, Thailand, Yemen, and Iraq.

  • March, 1963

    Summary of Burma’s Situation, General Outline, Basic Narrative of Issues between China and Burma, Record of Major Events in China-Burma Relations

    A Chinese report on political, social, and diplomatic changes in Burma since Ne Win's coming to power.

  • May 22, 1963

    Aide-Memoire on Violence Towards Chinese Nationals in Indonesia

    An aide-memoire requesting that the United Nations take measures to prevent the further persecution of the Overseas Chinese in Indonesia following the March 1963 anti-Chinese riots in that country.

  • September 17, 1963

    Record of a Conversation between Chinese Ambassador to Burma Geng Biao and Burmese Ambassador to China Jiao Wen

    Jiao Wen emphasized that diplomatic envoys must understand newly political policies of Burma and convey accurate instructions to foreign countries.

  • January 14, 1964

    Cable from the Foreign Cultural Liaison Committee, 'Preliminary Consideration on Policy to Vietnam in the Year 1964'

  • January 30, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Vietnam, 'Phạm Ngọc Thạch Will Visit the Soviet Union and China to Discuss Cultural Cooperation'

  • February 08, 1964

    Chinese Foreign Ministry’s Summary for the Embassy of the Burmese Government’s Circumstances for 1963 and Official Directive for 1964 Plans and Projects

    The Foreign Ministry concludes that based on Burma's geopolitics importance, the Chinese government should continue to struggle for the support and neutral position of Ne Win's government.

  • June 05, 1964

    Chinese Foreign Ministry Report, 'On the Topic of Strengthening Our Work in Burma'

    Report explain that Ne Win's government is now suffering from a domestic coup and international isolation, therefore, support from China is important, which also satisfies China's national interests. Following the Premier's instructions, ambassador Geng Biao should plan a meet with Ne Win to discuss these points.

  • June 15, 1964

    Telegram number 306/10 from Lucien Paye

    Lucien Paye summarizes the views of the Yugoslavian chargé d’affaires in Beijing on China's policies toward Laos and other countries in Southeast Asia and Africa.

  • June 26, 1964

    Chinese Foreign Ministry Report, Excerpts of General Ne Win’s Internal Conversations, the Current Situation and its Solutions

    Excerpts from Ne Win's conversations with Burmese officials and criticisms of the economic situation as a result of his policies.

  • July 01, 1964

    Chinese Foreign Ministry, Request for Instructions on Supporting the Ne Win Government through Trade

    The CCP Central Committee’s instructions are to vigorously struggle for Ne Win, to support him economically and to expand the imports from Burma.

  • September 28, 1964

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Cambodian Prince Sihanouk

    Mao Zedong discusses previous and present Chinese-American relations, focusing especially on Taiwan

  • October 18, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia, 'Reactions to China's Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia describing positive responses from Indonesian government officials and foreign government officials in Indonesia regarding China's nuclear test.

  • October 19, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia, 'The Message from Premier Zhou has been handed Handed to the Indonesian officials Officials'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia describing the planned discussion between Ambassador Yao and Subandrio regarding China's first nuclear weapons test.

  • October 20, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Vietnam, 'Reactions to China's Testing of an Atomic Bomb (6)'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Vietnam entails positive responses of Le Duan, Pham Hùng and Ly Ban regarding China's first testing of an Atomic Bomb.

  • October 23, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia, 'Subandrio Met with Ambassador Yao for a Discussion on Nuclear Test'

    Description of a conversation between Chinese Ambassador Yao Zhongming and Indonesian Foreign Minister Subandrio. Subandrio expresses support for China's recent nuclear test, declaring that it will "contribute to world peace." Subandrio suggests a proposal that the upcoming Conference on Disarmament in Geneva invite China, along with a number of other Afro-Asian countries, which Yao responds negatively to, because this conference is convened by the United Nations.