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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-Southeast Asia Relations

China was a major player in Cold War Southeast Asia, advocating for socialist revolutions and directly supporting independence struggles.

  • November 27, 1962

    Cable from Yao Zhongming, 'The Sino-Indian Boundary Issue'

    Subandrio expressed his support for China in the dispute with India, going as far as saying that "India deserved to be taught a lesson". He went on to offer his view on how to solve the conflict through negotiations. Subandrio also discussed Indonesian involvement in the upcoming Six-Nation Conference which would concern the Sino-Indian Conflict as well as the preparation for a Second Asian-African Conference.

  • November 30, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia, 'Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Huang Zhen and Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk'

    The Chinese Embassy forwards the minutes of a conversation between Huang Zhen and Norodom Sihanouk.

  • November 30, 1962

    Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Huang Zhen and Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk

    Huang Zhen and Sihanouk discus the Sino-Indian dispute, an international conference on Cambodian neutrality and territorial integrity and the boundary issue between Cambodia and Thailand and South Vietnam

  • December 24, 1962

    Cable from Yao Zhongming, 'Conversation with Sukarno'

    Yao Zhongming and Sukarno talked about the Six-Nation Conference and its implications for the Sino-Indian border conflict. Besides, the issue of Subandrio and Mrs. Bandaranaike visiting China was also discussed.

  • January 07, 1963

    Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Vice Premier Chen Yi and Indonesian Deputy Prime Minister Subandrio

    Chen Yi and Subandrio discussed the following topics: Whether or not Subandrio should accompany Mrs. Bandaranaike to India, the defeat of the Indian 4th Infantry Division, Soviet blunders in the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Sino-Soviet split, and the Indonesian economic prospects.

  • January 30, 1963

    Summary of Trade Negotiations with Korea and Vietnam for 1963

    A Chinese report regarding its successful conclusion and prompt signing of two trade agreements with North Korea and Vietnam in 1963.

  • February 15, 1963

    Memorandum of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Conversation with Prince Sihanouk

    Mao Zedong and Norodom Sihanouk exchange views on capitalist and imperialist countries, particularly on India, the US, Thailand, Yemen, and Iraq.

  • March, 1963

    Summary of Burma’s Situation, General Outline, Basic Narrative of Issues between China and Burma, Record of Major Events in China-Burma Relations

    A Chinese report on political, social, and diplomatic changes in Burma since Ne Win's coming to power.

  • May 22, 1963

    Aide-Memoire on Violence Towards Chinese Nationals in Indonesia

    An aide-memoire requesting that the United Nations take measures to prevent the further persecution of the Overseas Chinese in Indonesia following the March 1963 anti-Chinese riots in that country.

  • June 03, 1963

    Record of Conversation from Premier Zhou Enlai’s Reception of Ambassador to Cambodia Sisowath Sirik Matak

    Zhou and Sirik Matak discuss the treatement Chinese doctors offered to Queen Sisowath Kossamak, Chinese economic aid to Cambodia, and civil disturbances in Cambodia.

  • September 17, 1963

    Record of a Conversation between Chinese Ambassador to Burma Geng Biao and Burmese Ambassador to China Jiao Wen

    Jiao Wen emphasized that diplomatic envoys must understand newly political policies of Burma and convey accurate instructions to foreign countries.

  • January 14, 1964

    Cable from the Foreign Cultural Liaison Committee, 'Preliminary Consideration on Policy to Vietnam in the Year 1964'

  • January 30, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Vietnam, 'Phạm Ngọc Thạch Will Visit the Soviet Union and China to Discuss Cultural Cooperation'

  • February 08, 1964

    Chinese Foreign Ministry’s Summary for the Embassy of the Burmese Government’s Circumstances for 1963 and Official Directive for 1964 Plans and Projects

    The Foreign Ministry concludes that based on Burma's geopolitics importance, the Chinese government should continue to struggle for the support and neutral position of Ne Win's government.

  • June 05, 1964

    Chinese Foreign Ministry Report, 'On the Topic of Strengthening Our Work in Burma'

    Report explain that Ne Win's government is now suffering from a domestic coup and international isolation, therefore, support from China is important, which also satisfies China's national interests. Following the Premier's instructions, ambassador Geng Biao should plan a meet with Ne Win to discuss these points.

  • June 15, 1964

    Telegram number 306/10 from Lucien Paye

    Lucien Paye summarizes the views of the Yugoslavian chargé d’affaires in Beijing on China's policies toward Laos and other countries in Southeast Asia and Africa.

  • June 26, 1964

    Chinese Foreign Ministry Report, Excerpts of General Ne Win’s Internal Conversations, the Current Situation and its Solutions

    Excerpts from Ne Win's conversations with Burmese officials and criticisms of the economic situation as a result of his policies.

  • July 01, 1964

    Chinese Foreign Ministry, Request for Instructions on Supporting the Ne Win Government through Trade

    The CCP Central Committee’s instructions are to vigorously struggle for Ne Win, to support him economically and to expand the imports from Burma.

  • July 01, 1964

    Record of Zhou Enlai’s Reception and Conversation with Workers Party of Vietnam Central Committee Cadres Delegation

    Zhou Enlai and Nguyen Con discuss economic conditions in North Vietnam and China, as well as Chinese economic aid to the DRV.

  • September 28, 1964

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Cambodian Prince Sihanouk

    Mao Zedong discusses previous and present Chinese-American relations, focusing especially on Taiwan