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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-Southeast Asia Relations

China was a major player in Cold War Southeast Asia, advocating for socialist revolutions and directly supporting independence struggles.

  • September 25, 1965

    National Science Committee, Briefings on Receiving Foreign Guests, No. 6

    6th report on the visit of the Atomic Energy Group of the Indonesian Economic Delegation. Describes the group's visit to China's No. 1 Institute of Atomic Energy Research. Report goes on to relate questions raised by group members about atomic energy related organizations in China, and describes the screening of a documentary on the first successful explosion of a Chinese atomic bomb.

  • September 30, 1965

    Minutes of Chairman Mao Zedong and Chairman Liu Shaoqi’s Meeting with the Indonesian Delegation

    Chairul Seleh of Indonesia met with Mao and discussed nuclear power, Indonesian economy and industry, Chinese-Indonesian relations, and imperialism.

  • November 11, 1965

    Record of Second Conversation of Premier Zhou Enlai and Vice Premier Chen Yi with Foreign Minister Pak Seong-cheol

    Chen Yi, Zhou Enlai, Pak Seong-cheol, and Ri Ju-yeon have a detailed conversation about the situations in Indonesia, Algeria, Uganda, Mali, Guinea, and members of the Third World.

  • April, 1970

    Information from Krum Bosev, Charge d’Affairs of the Bulgarian Embassy in Beijing, 'The Chinese Position on the Cambodian Events'

    Bosey reports on Chinese policy regarding Cambodia following the March 1970 coup and removal of Prince Norodom Sihanouk.

  • March 07, 1971

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai, Le Duan, and Pham Van Dong

    China and Vietnam’s role in East Asia and the world.

  • April 15, 1972

    Telegram from the Director of Department II to the Ambassador in Beijing regarding the Conversation with Chinese Diplomats in Moscow

    A Polish diplomat reports on new developments in Chinese foreign policy toward Europe, Japan, and Indonesia.

  • June 17, 1974

    Chinese Plans for Receiving the Burmese Weightlifting Team

    Sport and politics become intertwined as China seeks to improve relations with Burma by receiving a Burmese weight lifting team.

  • June 21, 1975

    Conversation between Chinese leader Mao Zedong and Cambodian Leader Pol Pot

    Mao Zedong muses on the nature of the struggle between the capitalist and socialist forces within China. He tells Pol Pot not to blindly follow the Chinese model, but adopt Marxist theory to the Cambodian realities. Excepts.

  • September 29, 1975

    Minutes of Conversation between Deng Xiaoping and Le Duan

    Deng Xiaoping recounts a meeting between Zhou Enlai and Ho Chi Minh, at which Ho Chi Minh accused the Chinese of attempting to intimidate the Vietnamese by stationing troops close to the Chinese-Vietnamese border. Le Duan states that he had never been brifed on that meeting. Excerpt.

  • October 02, 1980

    CPSU CC Politburo Directive to Soviet Ambassadors and Representatives, 'Carrying Out Additional Measures to Counter American-Chinese Military Cooperation'

    Instructions to Soviet ambassadors discussing the growing military cooperation between China and the United States.

  • March 25, 1984

    Cable from Ambassador Katori to the Foreign Minister, 'Prime Minister Visit to China (Foreign Ministers’ Discussion – Regarding Cambodia Among Others)'

    Wu Xueqian describes the joint efforts of China, Malaysia, and Thailand to bring an end to the Cambodian-Vietnamese War.