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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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North Korean Military Adventurism

This collection of documents provides a historical record of North Korea's brinkmanship and military-diplomatic campaigns since 1968, including the seizure of the USS Pueblo, attempted assassinations of President Park Chung Hee, and the murder of two U.S. Army officers in the axe murder incident.

  • August 20, 1976

    Telegram from New York to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 060.387

    The Romanian Mission to the United Nations in New York reports on developments related to the Panmunjeom or "Axe Murder" Incident at the UN.

  • August 21, 1976

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 067.212

    The Embassy of Romania in Pyongyang reports on the Panmunjeom or "Axe Murder" Incident of August 1976.

  • August 25, 1976

    Telegram from Beijing to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 066.252

    The Embassy of Romania in Beijing assess the Chinese response to the Panmunjeom or "Axe Murder" Incident of August 1976.

  • August 25, 1976

    Telegram from Washington to Bucharest, SECRET, Flash, No. 084.527

    The Embassy of Romania in Washington, D.C., assesses the United States response to the Panmunjeom or "Axe Murder" Incident of August 1976.

  • August 26, 1976

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 067.219

    The Embassy of Romania in Pyongyang conveys the remarks of Han Sihae, Deputy Foreign Minister of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, on the Panmunjeom or "Axe Murder" Incident of August 1976.

  • August 27, 1976

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 067.220

    The Embassy of Romania in Pyongyang conveys the remarks of Kim Yong-jip, ad interim head of the Press Division in the Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs, on the Panmunjeom or "Axe Murder" Incident.

  • August 31, 1976

    Report on the ‘Axe Murder Incident’ from the GDR Embassy in North Korea

    Report on the killing of two American officers in the Joint Security Area. Ambassador Steinhofer states that this incident is a testimony of the tense situation that exists between the two sides and he provides an analysis of what the implications of this incident are.

  • September 01, 1976

    Telegram from Moscow to Bucharest, SECRET, Flash, No. 058.014

    The Embassy of Romania in Moscow assesses the Panmunjeom or "Axe Murder" Incident of August 1976.

  • October, 1976

    Report on a Stay of a GDR Military Delegation in the DPRK in October 1976

    Kim Il Sung and Heinz Hoffmann discuss the "axe murder" incident of 18 August, which Kim Il Sung interprets as a deliberate provocation by the Americans .

  • January 25, 1978

    Letter, James F. Leonard to Leslie O. Harriman containing "Report on the Activities of the United Nations Command (UNC) (December 21, 1976 - December 16, 1977)"

    James F. Leonard sends a report of the United Nations Commance concerning the maintenance of the Armistice Agreement.