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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Korean War Armistice

On July 27, 1953, the Korean Armistice Agreement was signed, ceasing hostilities and bringing an end to the Korean War. This collection contains Russian, Chinese, and Polish documents on the armistice negotiations which span the nearly two-year period of talks (July 1951-July 1953), shedding light on North Korean, Soviet, and Chinese strategic thinking toward the conflict and the armistice. (Image, North Korean General Nam Il (seated right) signing the Korean War armistice agreement, US Department of Defense)

  • July 11, 1951

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Joseph Stalin

    Mao sends Stalin four telegrams about the armistice negotiations which he received from Li Kenong.

  • July 12, 1951

    Cable, Joseph Stalin to Mao Zedong

    Stalin thanks Mao for information about the armistice negotiations.

  • July 12, 1951

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Joseph Stalin

    Mao sends Stalin a brief report concerning the 38th parallel and troop withdrawal during the armistice negotiations from Le Kenong.

  • July 13, 1951

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Joseph Stalin

    Mao asks Stalin for approval on the armistice negotiation agenda.

  • July 14, 1951

    Cable, Joseph Stalin to Mao Zedong

    Stalin agrees with Mao's position in the 13 July telegram.

  • July 15, 1951

    Official Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea

    Talks concerning truce open in Gaeseong between North and South Korea and are suspended due to disagreements on the neutral zone.

  • July 21, 1951

    Cable, Joseph Stalin to Mao Zedong

    Stalin agrees with Mao on excluding the withdrawal of troops from the armistice negotiation agenda.

  • August 13, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Stalin conveying 12 August 1951 telegram from Li Kenong to Mao re: Armistice Talks.

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin relaying the assessment of Li Kenong of the state of the ongoing armistice talks. He states that the US is unwilling the accept the 38th parallel as the demaracation line and that given the state of North Korean forces, they should consider make concessions to American demands in this regard in the interests of ceasing hostilities.

  • August 27, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    A telegram from Mao to Stalin informing the latter of the lack of developments at the armistice talks and accusing the Americans of provocative actions designed to pressure the communist delegation. He discusses the possibility of suspending negotiations and the possible outcomes of such a suspension.

  • August 30, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin agreeing with the latter's assessment of the inadvisability of having neutral observers, at the present time, at the armistice talks.

  • September 10, 1951

    [Top Secret] Report to Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK, 'Political Attitudes and Korean-Chinese Relations in Connection with the Armistice Talks'

    Report on "Political Attitudes and Korean-Chinese Relations in Connection with the Armistice Talks"

  • September 11, 1951

    [Secret] Memorandum, USSR Embassy in the DPRK to Khalin

    Memorandum of "The Political Attitudes of the Population of North and South Korea in Connection with the Negotiations in Kaesong"

  • October 18, 1951

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Joseph Stalin

    Mao writes to Stalin regarding an upcoming conference to discuss strategy for an armistice ending the Korean War.

  • October 24, 1951

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Joseph Stalin

    Mao reports to Stalin regarding an enemy aircraft attempting to sever Chinese-Soviet communication lines in Korea. Mao requests the Soviet air force assistance.

  • October 31, 1951

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Joseph Stalin

    Mao reports to Stalin on the deliver of a message from Kim Il Sung, discussing guidelines for conducting negotiations.

  • November 01, 1951

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Joseph Stalin

    Mao writes to Stalin discussing strategies for a proposal cease hostilities at the front line, and establish a line of demarcation between the two sides.

  • November 14, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Mao writes to Stalin of the ongoing armistice negotiations concerning Korea, specifically the proposed demarcation line (38th parallel). Mao also writes about monitoring, the exchange of prisoners of war, and economic considerations within China.

  • November 19, 1951

    Ciphered telegram from Roshchin conveying message from Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram from Roshchin to Moscow after meeting Zhou Enlai who asked him to request of Stalin an answer to Mao's earlier inquiry on the negotiations in Korea.

  • November 19, 1951

    Soviet Politburo Decision with Approved Message from Gromyko to Razuvaev

    Telegram from Gromyko to Razuvaev requiring more clear explanation about the earlier inquiry regarding Korean situation.

  • November 19, 1951

    VKP(b) CC Politburo decision with approved message Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Reply to Mao's inquiry of 14 November regarding stances to adopt in armistice negotiations.