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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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The Overseas Chinese and the Cold War

The Overseas Chinese were often at the forefront of the People’s Republic of China’s relationships with the United States, Vietnam, Korea, and Indonesia, among other countries, during the Cold War, and were a major object of the struggle between the Communists on Mainland China and the Nationalists on Taiwan.

  • 1949

    Tables from the Department of Education, South Pyeong-an Branch of the Overseas Chinese Federation

    Statistics on Overseas Chinese schools in South Pyeong-an Province, North Korea.

  • 1949

    Tables from the Department of Education, Pyongyang Special City Branch of the Overseas Chinese Federation

    Statistics on Overseas Chinese schools in Pyongyang, North Korea.

  • 1949

    School Standardization, North Pyeong-an Province

    Statistics and narrative reports on Overseas Chinese schools in North Pyeong-an Province, North Korea.

  • 1949

    Summary of the Work of the Overseas Chinese Federation in South Hamgyong Province

    Statistics and narrative reports on Overseas Chinese schools in South Hamgyong Province, North Korea.

  • January, 1949

    Month End Investigative Report on Overseas Chinese Schools in Every Province of North Korea

    Statistics relating to Overseas Chinese schools in North Korea.

  • February 25, 1949

    Summary of Education Work in North Hamgyong

    Narrative reports on Overseas Chinese schools in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea.

  • February 25, 1949

    Summary of Shortcomings in Teachers’ Work in North Hamgyong Province: Attachments

    Narrative reports on education and the work of teachers at Overseas Chinese schools in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea.

  • April 08, 1950

    School Regulation for Chinese Junior High Schools

  • October 11, 1950

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Burma, 'National Day Celebration Task Summary'

    The Chinese Embassy in Report reports on its efforts to commemorate the one year anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.

  • October 23, 1950

    Burmese Foreign Minister’s Statement to Chinese Ambassador during a Large Gathering of Ethnic Chinese, His Perspective, and Our Ideas for a Resolution

    The Burmese Foreign Minister is critical of Chinese Ambassador Yao Zhongming's anti-American remarks.

  • March 18, 1952

    Reply Concerning Ideas for Strengthening Propaganda to International Chinese

    Officials in Guangdong weigh how to respond to inquiries and draw support from Overseas Chinese.

  • June 28, 1954

    Record of the First Meeting between Premier Zhou and Prime Minister U Nu

    Zhou Enlai and U Nu first talked about the decision made on the Geneva Conference regarding the armistice in the Korean Peninsula and the role of the US in it. Then they talked about the elements that complicated the Sino-Burmese relations and the need for building mutual trust and signing a non-political agreement. They also discussed the principles they would have in a joint statement before the signing of this potential agreement.

  • September 25, 1954

    Chinese Communist Party, Plan of Action for Welcoming Home the Chinese Internationals

    A work plan on Chinese Communist Party strategies for engaging the Overseas Chinese in Burma, Indonesia, India, and South Africa, among other regions.

  • March 07, 1955

    Notice on Strengthening Party, Group Members’ and Cadres’ Connections to Chinese Internationals

    The Chinese government seeks to maximize the support and remittances received from Chinese nationals living abroad.

  • April 22, 1955

    Foreign Minister of the People’s Republic of China, Zhou Enlai’s Remarks at the Signing Ceremony

    Zhou Enlai reemphasized the cordial relation between China and Indonesia and expressed his delight with the signing of the treaty.

  • April 19, 1956

    Letter, Young Kee Kim to Chung Whan Cho

    Young Kee Kim briefs Minister Cho on the amendment of the Naturalization Law and PI-China relations in terms of business and trade.

  • June 22, 1956

    Minutes of Zhou Enlai’s Meeting with Burmese Ambassador U Hla Maung

    Zhou Enlai and U Hla Maung discuss the overseas Chinese in Burma and Burma's ties to Taiwan.

  • July 26, 1956

    CDS Report No. 11 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on Vietnamese trade situation, possible Korea-Vietnam trade, Vietnam-Japanese relations, Vietnamese regional trade relations, and recent social activities.

  • August 30, 1956

    CDS Report No. 16 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choe Deok-sin reports that the South Vietnamese government has dispatched ships to the Spratly Islands, and comments on the status of the Overseas Chinese in Vietnam, exchanges between Vietnam and Japan and the Philippines, and Vietnam's economic policies.

  • September 26, 1956

    Letter, Young Kee Kim to Chung Whan Cho

    Young Kee Kim briefs Minister Cho on the foreign service personnel appointments in Philippines, Indonesia, and China. He also reports on Vice Consul Do Soon Chung's activities in Manila International Film Festival, official and social functions.