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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Conversations with Zhou Enlai

Zhou Enlai served as Premier of the People's Republic of China from October 1949 until his death in January 1976 and concurrently as the first Foreign Minister from 1949 through 1958. His involvement and influence on China's foreign policy was immense.(Photo: Zhou Enlai is received by Ion Gheorghe Maurer during a visit to Romania in June 1966.)

  • March 22, 1972

    Memorandum of Conversation between Richard Nixon and Zhou Enlai

  • April 12, 1972

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Nguyen Tien

    Zhou Enlai expresses support for Vietnam in the face of more US bombing.

  • July 07, 1972

    Zhou Enlai’s Talk with Xuan Thuy, Head of the DRV Delegation to the Paris Talks, in Beijing

    In an excerpt from the talk, Zhou Enlai stresses the importance of the time between July and October 1972 for the Vietnam War.

  • July 12, 1972

    Zhou Enlai’s Talk with Le Duc Tho, Special Adviser at the Paris Talks, in Beijing

    Excerpt in which Zhou Enlai recounts his and Mao Zedong’s trip to China in 1945

  • July 12, 1972

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Le Duc Tho

    Zhou Enlai advises Le Duc Tho on negotiations with the US, particularly the issue of Nguyen Van Thieu.

  • July 27, 1972

    Record of the First Meeting between Takeiri Yoshikatsu and Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai met with Takeiri Yoshikatsu and he mentioned the international status of Taiwan while claiming that "the realization of relations between Japan and China is the desire of all citizens."

  • July 28, 1972

    Record of the Second Meeting between Takeiri Yoshikatsu and Zhou Enlai

    During a conversation with Takeiri, Zhou Enlai questioned the news from Tokyo Shimbun which emphasized that the state of war between Japan and China had ended. In addition, he mentioned the international status of Taiwan and the Vietnam War.

  • July 29, 1972

    Record of the Third Meeting between Takeiri Yoshikatsu and Zhou Enlai

    During a conversation with Takeiri, Zhou Enlai reviewed the main points of their opinions from the first and second rounds of dialogue.

  • September 25, 1972

    Record of the First Meeting between Prime Minister Tanaka and Premier Zhou Enlai

    Tanaka Kakuei and Zhou Enlai had a conversation over the reasons for delay in diplomatic normalization, including the Japan-Taiwan relationship and the Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty.

  • October 13, 1972

    Telex from Department Head van Well, 'China Visit by the Foreign Minister'

    In a meeting with Foreign Minister Walter Scheel, Zhou Enlai expressed support for West Germany’s proposal to join the United Nations, discussed European security, and the China's mistrust of the Soviet Union.

  • December 31, 1972

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Truong Chinh

    Zhou Enlai pushes for negotiations.

  • January 03, 1973

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Le Duc Tho

    Zhou Enlai encourages Vietnam’s negotiations with the US.

  • January 24, 1973

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Prince Sihanouk

    Zhou Enlai ensures no outside interference in the countries of Cambodia and Laos.

  • February 02, 1973

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Pen Nouth

    Zhou Enlai reads a statement from Mao Zedong expressing approval of the US withdrawal.

  • June 05, 1973

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai, Le Duan, Pham Van Dong and Le Thanh Nghi

    The role of China and Vietnam in the Cambodian revolution; also a discussion on the current situation in South Vietnam.

  • June 06, 1973

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai, Le Duan, Pham Van Dong and Le Thanh Nghi

    Le Duan asks Zhou Enlai for Chinese help in building industry and infrastructure, as per a previous agreement between China and Vietnam.

  • August 16, 1973

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Pham Van Dong

    Zhou Enlai discusses his concerns regarding US negotiations in Cambodia.

  • October 10, 1973

    Verbatim Transcript of the First Meeting between Prime Minister Trudeau and Premier Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai and Pierre Trudeau discuss Canada's overarching foreign policy positions and Sino-Canadian relations. Trudeau says that Canada wants to be "a strong country with a strong identity."

  • October 11, 1973

    Meeting of Prime Minister Trudeau and Premier Zhou Enlai at the State Guest House (Diaoyutai)

    Zhou Enlai offers Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau an extensive history of the Chinese Civil War and Chinese Revolution. Zhou also comments on China's foreign policy positions toward and views on the Soviet Union, nuclear war, Bangladesh, revisionism, and great power hegemony, among other topics.

  • October 12, 1973

    Verbatim Transcript of the Third Meeting between Prime Minister Trudeau and Premier Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai and Trudeau have a wideranging conversation on international politics, covering the Vietnam War, Sino-Japanese relations, Nixon's visit to China, the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Arctic circle, and nuclear energy safeguards, among other topics.