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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Euratom

The European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom) was established by the Euratom Treaty on 25 March 1957 with the purpose of coordinating and monitoring nuclear energy research programs among the countries of the European Union.

  • May 18, 1955

    Minutes of the Meetings on 22 and 25 April 1955 at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs under the direction of Mr. Massigli

    This collection of minutes details a dicussion on the possiblity of an extension and futher integration of European politics and economies.

  • February 28, 1956

    Draft minutes from Conference of Foreign Ministers of the ECSC on 11 and 12 February 1956

    These minutes include discussions of a new system to bring widespread technical renewal of European industry.

  • May 14, 1956

    Letter from Louis Joxe to Christian Pineau, French Minister of Foreign Affairs

    This letter to Christian Pineau describes the proposed subordination of Euratom to the common market.

  • June 08, 1956

    Draft Minutes from Intergovernmental Conference for Euratom May 29 and 30 1956

    These minutes describe a discussion from members of several European states, including Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands on actions in case of emergency in regard to Euratom.

  • October 21, 1956

    Proposal of the Euratom Experts Concerning the Dissemination of Military Knowledge

    This proposal from the French delegation describes the potential military uses for atomic energy.

  • November 09, 1956

    Note by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Economic Cooperation

    This note describes panel discussions, which took place on the visit of Chancellor Adenauer to Paris, helping to reach an agreement on outstanding issues regarding Euratom.

  • November 13, 1956

    Draft Minutes of the Conference of Foreign Affairs of the Member States of the ECSC on 20 and 21 October 1956

    This document details discussions which took place during the Conference of Foreign Affairs between members of the ECSC in regard to extending their integration.

  • January 20, 1957

    Note on the Control System and the Powers of the Commission on Export and Ownership of Fissile Materials

    This note dicusses control mechanisms of Euratom, concluding that sufficiently large powers are given to the Commission to ensure effective control.

  • February 10, 1957

    Letter by Max Kohnstamm to Jean Monnet on the Committee of the Three Wise Men

    This letter to Jean Monnet details the success of recent meetings between President Eisenhower, the Atomic Energy Commission, and other parties.

  • February 21, 1957

    Telegram from Couve de Murville

  • March 13, 1957

    Message from EURATOM delivered by Alfred Iddles, President of the Atomic Industrial Forum, at the 1957 Nuclear Congress Banquet

    This address at the 1957 Nuclear Congress Banquet describes the success of the latest efforts in Europe to reach a comprehensive agreement on atomic energy with the United States.

  • May 07, 1957

    Press Conference on 7 May 1957 by Louis Armand, 'A Target for Euratom'

    This press conference given by Louis Armand, future first president of Euratom, details a report advocating the creation of an industrial substrate capable of producing by the end of the century abundant energy so that Europe may regain its independence and rethink its economy.

  • May 25, 1957

    French Ambassador to West Germany to Foreign Minister Christian Pineau, 'Extension to Berlin European Treaty on the Common Market and Euratom'

  • January, 1958

    Memorandum by Robert Schaetzel to Max Kohnstamm, 'Points to be Presented to Euratom Commission'

    This memo to Max Kohnstamm includes several points pertaining to the United States' anticipated comprehensive agreement with Euratom to be presented to the Commission.

  • April, 1958

    Note on Control by the Joint US-Euratom Working Party

    This memo details security controls established under the Euratom Treaty to guarantee that nuclear materials are not diverted for purposed other than those for which they are intended.

  • May, 1958

    Draft Memorandum of Understanding between the European Atomic Energy Commission and the Government of the United States of America

    This first joint draft memorandum outlining a program of cooperation between the United States and the European Atomic Energy Commission in the construction and installation of large scale prototype power-reactors.

  • February 25, 1959

    Information Note by Theodor Vogelaar of Legal Services of European Executive, 'Defining the Scope of the Euratom Treaty - Peaceful and Military'

    This information note to the members of the Commission lays out the peaceful and military limits to the scope of the Euratom Treaty.

  • June, 1959

    Notes by Mr. Mercereau During a Visit to the United States

    The notes discuss meetings which took place with the American media, politicians, industrialists, and trade unions and reactions to the possibility of a grand agreement between Euratom and the United States.

  • March 08, 1960

    Note by Legal Services Commission on Bilateral Relations with the United States

    This note details different stages of internation cooperation in the field of nuclear energy. After the Second World War, the field of nuclear energy was characterized by American hegemony and the desire to preserve their lead for security reasons and national defense. However, in 1951 this began to change and some exportation of equipment, raw materials, and classified information was allowed between the United States and foreign countries.

  • February 07, 1967

    Draft Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    Euratom Commission Draft proposed by the US Government to the USSR. Contains six articles detailing the obligations and responsibilities of nuclear weapons and non-nuclear weapons states.