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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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End of the Cold War

This is a collection of primary source documents covering the collapse of the Soviet Union during the late 1980s. The collection contains documents from archives in most of the former Soviet bloc countries. They discuss the changes occurring in Eastern Europe and the Tiananmen Square events in China. See also Cold War Origins. (Image, East German border guards look through a hole in the Berlin Wall, 1989)

  • April 05, 1989

    Record of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Prime Minister of Great Britain Margaret Thatcher (at the Airport and on the way to the Embassy), London

    M.S. Gorbachev and Margaret Thatcher discuss global geopolitical issues, particularly growing terrorist organizations across Africa.

  • April 06, 1989

    Record of Negotiations between M.S. Gorbachev and Prime Minister of Great Britain Margaret Thatcher, London

    Negotiations between Gorbachev and Thatcher on U.S. and British concerns, as well as Britain's cautious optimism, about the Soviet Union's perestroika and glasnost policies.

  • April 07, 1989

    Telegram from First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party, Dzhumbar I. Patiashvili to the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Patiashvlli reports on protests in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic and suggests measures to curb the disturbances.

  • April 08, 1989

    Telegram from First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party, Dzhumbar I. Patiashvili to the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Patiashvili reports developments in the situation in Georgia, where protests continue for Georgian independence from the Soviet Union and against the secession of Abkhazian from Georgia.

  • April 09, 1989

    Telegram from First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party, Dzhumbar I. Patiashvili to the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Patiashvili reports on demonstrations in Tbilisi and army attempts to subdue them which resulted in the death of 16 people. Patiashvili requests to impose a curfew in the city to maintain order.

  • April 10, 1989

    Resolution of the CC CPSU Politburo, 'Measures to Normalize the Situation in Tbilisi'

    The CC CPSU Politburo approves the appeal of the Gorbachev to the Georgian SSR and resolves to take into account the views discussed at the Politburo meeting when normalizing the situation in Tbilisi.

  • April 10, 1989

    Note from A. S. Kapto, A. S. Pavlov, Ye. Z. Razumov to the the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Kapto, Pavlov, and Razumov provide the CC CPSU’s recommendations for local party committees regarding political situation in the Georgian SSR.

  • April 20, 1989

    CPSU Politburo Discussion on the Report of Eduard Shevardnadze Regarding the Use of Violence in Tbilisi

    Politburo meeting on the violent crisis in Georgia, based on Eduard Shevardnadze's report regarding the Tbilisi massacre.

  • April 29, 1989

    Decree of the CC CPSU Secretariat, 'The Issue of the Events in the City of Tbilisi'

    Decree approving the creation of a commission to study the situation in Tbilisi and the demonstrations which occurred on 9 April, 1989.

  • April 29, 1989

    Note from A. S. Pavlov, Chief of the CC CPSU State and Legal Department, to the CC CPSU, 'On the Issue of the Events in the City of Tbilisi'

    Following the events of April 9, Pavolv advises that a commission be formed to examine the situation in Georgia.

  • May, 1989

    Hungarian Secret Police Memorandum, 'Ensuring the Security of Preparations for the Burial of Imre Nagy and his Asssociates [on 16 June 1989]'

    Hungarian Secret Police memorandum, “Ensuring the security of preparations for the burial of Imre Nagy and his associates [on 16 June 1989]”, regarding plans to maintain security using the dissemination of information concerning possible retaliation for extremist action, and the use of operatives

  • May, 1989

    Findings of the Commission of the USSR Congress of People’s Deputies to Investigate the Events which Occurred in the City of Tbilisi on 9 April 1989

    Report of a commission headed by A.A. Sobchak on the April 9 events in Tbilisi that resulted in the deaths of 19 demonstrators.

  • May 02, 1989

    Excerpt from the Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev

    Excerpt from Anatoly Chernyaev’s Diary expressing worry at Gorbachev’s lack of conception of the direction in which the Soviet Union is moving

  • May 06, 1989

    Memorandum of Vadim Zagladin to Gorbachev

    Memorandum from Zagladin to Gorbachev on Zagladin's recent trip to Czechoslovakia, in preparation for Gorbachev's upcoming trip there.

  • May 09, 1989

    Report on a Working Visit of Wojciech Jaruzelski to Moscow

    Report on First Secretary of the Polish People's Republic Wojciech Jaruzelski's 1989 visit to Moscow to meet with Gorbachev and discuss the transformations occurring in the Soviet Union.

  • May 11, 1989

    CPSU Politburo Discussion of the Memorandum of Six Politburo members on the Situation in the Baltic Republics

    Discussion of separatist and nationalist sentiment in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

  • May 23, 1989

    Information Note of Romanian Embassy from Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information Note of Romanian Embassy from Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the Chinese position on Gorbachev’s visit to China and the resumption of Sino-Soviet relations as indicative of future closer bilateral relations between the two countries

  • May 26, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the possible power struggle within the Chinese government and attitudes towards the demands of the students

  • June 03, 1989

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the situation in Tiananmen Square and the return of students to classes

  • June 03, 1989

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the measures to be taken by the Chinese government as a result of the Tiananmen Square crisis and the possible direction in which China will move as a result