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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Interkit, 1966-1987

Interkit was an organization created by the Kremlin to coordinate Soviet-bloc analysis of and policy toward China from 1967 until

the mid-1980s. This institution, its name derived from the Russian word for China, “Kitai,” periodically gathered China experts from the USSR, its Warsaw Pact allies, and a shifting mix of other nations aligned with the Kremlin (e.g., Mongolia, Vietnam, Laos, and Cuba). In periodic meetings, the participants—primarily communist party functionaries but also, in some cases, diplomatic and/or academic China “hands”—considered the political, economic, ideological, cultural, and other dimensions of dealing with their problematic former ally. See also Sino-Soviet Split.(Image, cover of elementary school textbook from Guangxi, 1971)

  • April 07, 1970

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Political Committee, April, 1970

    Discussion of the political situation in China; border issues with the Soviet Union; foreign relations, such as those with Albania, Japan, the GDR and Bulgaria; the political isolation of China; and the organization of the political party in China.

  • May 05, 1970

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Political Committee, 5 May 1970

    Discusses Chinese-Hungarian Foreign Relations, their history, trade, and issues a resolution for future interactions between the two states.

  • September 07, 1970

    Urgent Note from the Conversation of Stefan Jedrychowski with the New PRC ambassador to Poland, Comrade Yao Guang

    Poland’s Foreign Minister reports that he informed the new PRC ambassador of Poland's interest in developing relations with China, adding that he believes the difficulties between China and other socialist countries to be temporary. The PRC ambassador responded by saying that "there are divergences between our countries" but that it should not prevent friendly state relations. The two also discussed Sino-Soviet relations, with the PRC ambassador stating that in that realm, there are divergences that cannot be resolved.

  • February 24, 1971

    East German Report on the Fourth Interkit Meeting in Sofia, February 1971

    Report from the East German representatives on the Interkit meeting held in Sofia in February 1971. Reports on recent changes in Chinese foreign policy and international political strategies.

  • August 04, 1971

    Minutes of the Joint Meeting of the Central Committee and the Ministers’ Council

    These notes discuss foreign policy issues related to China, Hungary, the Soviet Union, and Romania. To quote the document itself, it "was a bilateral discussion of the internal situation of fraternal Parties and countries, and later an exchange of opinion on contemporary foreign policy questions and the problems of the international workers’ movement."

  • October 04, 1971

    Informational Note to CC PUWP Secretary regarding the Meeting of the International Departments of Seven Fraternal Parties

    According to the note, the meeting will primarily focus on the situation in China, and an attempt to coordinate policy.

  • January 16, 1972

    Note from the Visit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Delegation in the USSR

    These notes highlight some foreign relation issues facing Poland, China, and the Soviet Union. Current opinions and practices are mentioned, as well as previous actions.

  • January 22, 1972

    Secret Telegram from Moscow to Warsaw, No. 848

    This document from the Soviets to Polish Comrades issues a warning about Zhou Enlai's anti-Sovietism and his advance in the Chinese government. It also addresses border issues between China and the Soviet Union.

  • April 28, 1972

    Polish Communist Party Note on "Current Policy toward China"

    States that "the fundamental principle of our policy toward China is to fully cooperate with the Soviet Union."

  • July, 1972

    Information from Consultative Meeting about China July 3-5, 1972 on International Policy and Internal Situation of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) under Current Conditions

    A lengthy document that addresses several issues related to Communism and China. It covers such topics as Chinese foreign policy, Chinese and American relations, Maoism, Chinese policy regarding developing countries, capitalist countries and other socialist countries.

  • July 03, 1972

    East German Report on the Fifth Interkit Meeting in Prague, July 1972

    This East German report, issued after the Interkit meeting in Prague, addresses the domestic and foreign policies of China. It makes reference to internal conflicts destabilizing the Chinese leadership. China is said to be enhancing its military potential, especially in the area of missiles and nuclear weapons. Its aims in foreign policy are to acquire a leadership position in the so-called "Third World", to expand its relations with capitalist countries, to damage the unity of the Socialist bloc, and to obstruct the foreign relations of the Soviet Union. Considering the increase of influence of China on North Korea, Romania, and Vietnam, as well as on the Communist parties in Spain and Italy, the Socialist countries must improve their anti-Maoist propaganda efforts.

  • October 13, 1972

    Secret Telegram from Moscow to Warsaw, No. 11132

    This telegram reports on the status of Sino-Soviet relations, as well as Sino-Japanese relations in light of an upcoming visit of the Japanese foreign minister to the Soviet Union.

  • December 15, 1972

    Secret Telegram from Moscow to Warsaw, No. 13698

    This gives a short overview of Chinese foreign policy in light of Communist and Soviet attitudes and perceptions in China. A possible Soviet response to such attitudes is suggested.

  • February 27, 1973

    Note on the Meeting with CPSU Politburo Candidate and CC Secretary, Comrade B. N. Ponomarev

    A Russian view of Chinese Anti-Soviet attitudes and potential problems as a result of such views developing there.

  • February 28, 1973

    Note on the Meeting with Comrade O.B. Rakhmanin, Deputy Head of International Department of CC

    This document notes changes in Chinese policy that has led to difficult relations with the Soviets, and problems caused by comments made by Mao Zedong. It also discusses other aspects of Chinese foreign policy, such as their attitude and actions towards the U.S. and Japan.

  • May, 1973

    Protocol Transcript of the Moscow Meeting on May 16-18, 1973 (excerpts), Including Specific Recommendations of Coordinating Policy toward China

    Discusses Chinese foreign policy and ways to counter it's Anti-Sovietism. Some major areas covered are China and the Third World, China and the rest of Asia, internal Communist attitudes in China, and the propaganda struggle in China.

  • May, 1973

    Informational Note regarding the Sixth Meeting of the Delegations of the CC International Departments of Seven Fraternal Parties on the Chinese Issues (Moscow, May 16-18, 1973)

    This offers an overview of the current state of Communism in China, as well as several “practical recommendations” regarding an approach to this struggle.

  • May, 1973

    East German Report on the Sixth Interkit Meeting in Moscow, May 1973

    Report on the sixth meeting of Interkit, held in Moscow in May 1973. Summarizes the group's analysis of the current domestic situation in China and its foreign policy, as well as making predictions about potential developments in China in the near future.

  • May 21, 1973

    Sixth Interkit Meeting, Record of Meeting with Boris Ponomarev and Konstantin Katushev

    This record of a meeting with the secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), Boris Ponomarev, and with the secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Konstantin Katushev, addresses the anti-Soviet course adopted by Beijing. The discussion specifically refers to relations between China and the Communist parties of Albania, Romania, Australia, France, Italy, and New Zealand. The document also assesses the situation in Anwar el-Sadat's Egypt, in Hafez al-Assad's Syria, in Iraq, and in Yemen, the main idea being that the Socialist countries should support the development of progressive Arabic states.

  • May 21, 1973

    Sixth Interkit Meeting, Record of Meetings with Oleg Rakhmanin and Konstantin Katushev

    These are the records of two meetings on the occasion of the Sixth Interkit Meeting. The first of these involves a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), Oleg Rakhmanin, while the second is a meeting with the secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Konstantin Katushev. Both address relations between China and the Soviet Union. The documents discuss the Sino-Soviet border clashes, the Soviet security policy in the Far East and Siberia, and the position of countries such as Yugoslavia, Romania, and Albania, as well as the critical situation in Vietnam and Cambodia.