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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Interkit, 1966-1987

Interkit was an organization created by the Kremlin to coordinate Soviet-bloc analysis of and policy toward China from 1967 until

the mid-1980s. This institution, its name derived from the Russian word for China, “Kitai,” periodically gathered China experts from the USSR, its Warsaw Pact allies, and a shifting mix of other nations aligned with the Kremlin (e.g., Mongolia, Vietnam, Laos, and Cuba). In periodic meetings, the participants—primarily communist party functionaries but also, in some cases, diplomatic and/or academic China “hands”—considered the political, economic, ideological, cultural, and other dimensions of dealing with their problematic former ally. See also Sino-Soviet Split.(Image, cover of elementary school textbook from Guangxi, 1971)

  • January 18, 1974

    Secret Telegram No. 792 - From Moscow to Warsaw

    Comrade Nowak reports on the intensification of the use of propaganda by the Chinese against Soviets.

  • January 21, 1974

    Secret Telegram No. 901 - From Moscow to Warsaw

    Nowak reports on how the Chinese are using anti-Soviet propaganda at home and abroad to undermine Soviet influence and encourage possible coups. He notes that this is especially seen in Sino-Japanese relations and recent visits by Japanese politicians to China.

  • March, 1974

    East German Report on Seventh Interkit Meeting in Budapest, March 1974

    This report, issued after the seventh Interkit meeting in Budapest, addresses unsolved socio-economic problems and internal party disputes in China. The new military strategy of the People's Republic as well as its economic development are examined. Beijing's foreign relations with Western countries, especially with the US, are considered to be detrimental to international détente. The attendees condemn China for stockpiling nuclear weapons and missiles in preparation for a military confrontation with the Soviet Union, for extending its influence in developing countries, for strengthening the position of NATO, for interfering with the domestic policies of Vietnam, and for supporting the military junta in Chile.

  • June, 1974

    Note from the Eighth Meeting of the Deputy Heads of the CC International Departments of Eight Parties in Ulaanbaatar devoted to the Struggle with Maoism

    Rakhmanin reports on the state of China in relation to various countries such as the U.S. and Japan (with whom he worries a "triangle" of power is forming), Romania, Korea and Albania.

  • January, 1975

    Informational Note from the Talks in the CC CPSU

    A note on the development of Chinese Anti-Sovietism and militarization.

  • February 03, 1975

    Information about the Meeting with Comrade O. B. Rakhmanin and First Deputy Head of International Department of CC

    Contributor Rakhmanin discusses the domestic situation in China, current issues between China and the Soviet Union, and Franz-Josef Strauss' visit to China.

  • June, 1975

    East German Report on the Eight Interkit Meeting in Ulaanbaatar, June 1975

    This report, issued after the eighth Interkit meeting in Ulaanbaatar, addresses the domestic and foreign policies of China and the anti-Maoist propaganda measures to be undertaken by Socialist countries. There are no great expectations for a collapse of Maoism, even though the Chinese economy is developing slowly. China is acquiring nuclear weapons and missiles in preparation for an armed conflict. Beijing's foreign relations with Western countries are considered to be detrimental to international détente and directed against the interests of the Soviet Union and the Socialist countries.

  • August 01, 1975

    A Relayed Note from Comrade G. Ragulin

    Outlines the results of a meeting in Ulaanbaatar where specific measures were given to deal with the anti-Sovietism and Maoism in China.

  • January 23, 1976

    Secret Telegram No. 969/I - From Moscow to Warsaw

    The Polish Ambassador in Moscow relays an overview of First Secretary Deputy Head of the International Department of the CC CPSU Oleg Rakhamnin's thoughts on the situation in the PRC.

  • February 05, 1976

    Notes about the Meeting in the Central Committee of the CPSU on 2 February 1976

    An overview of a conversation in which the East Germans and Soviets compared impressions of the situation in the PRC and China's attitude toward other socialist countries.

  • July 14, 1976

    Consultation with Comrade O. B. Rakhmanin, Candidate of the CPSU CC and First Deputy Head of the International Department of CC, to Prepare the Ninth Interkit Meeting on 9 July 1976 in Moscow

    This consultation on preparations for the 9th Internal China (Interkit) Meeting in Berlin. Notes the growing anti-Sovietism in China, as well as a possible rebirth of capitalism there.

  • September 14, 1976

    Informational Note II from the Meeting of CC Secretaries for International Affairs in Moscow

    An interkit meeting gets postponed to give participants more time to assess the effects of Mao Zedong's death.

  • September 24, 1976

    Secret Telegram No. 3239/III - From Moscow to Warsaw

    A telegram claiming that one of the most significant problems in China following Mao's death is the personnel problem, that there is "no single exceptional personality" on the Chinese scene.

  • September 29, 1976

    Secret Telegram No. 3453/III - From Moscow to Warsaw

    An assessment of the situation in China following Mao's death and a few lines about Soviet policy following this development.

  • December 23, 1976

    Secret Telegram No. 3571/IV - From Moscow to Warsaw

    The Secretary Deputy Head of the International Department of the CC CPSU, Oleg Rakhamnin, reports there are no changes in China’s anti-Soviet propaganda

  • January 26, 1977

    Note about the Meeting with Comrade Kulik, Division Head in the CPSU CC Department, on Preparation for the Ninth Interkit and the Situation in China on 26 January 1977

    Reviews the first draft of a Soviet report on "China on the Eve of Mao Zedong’s Death," which was to be handed out as joint CPSU-SED material to participants of the Ninth Interkit meeting

  • March 02, 1977

    Informational Note from the Conference of Secretaries of Central Committees of Fraternal Parties in Sofia

    Secretaries CC CPSU Konstantin Katushev and B. Ponomarov provide information on the situation in China that is discussed during a confidential meeting of CC secretaries. Addressed are issues related to the fact "that Maoism failed ideologically, caused great harm to the Chinese nation, and did an enormous devastation in the areas of economy, culture, science, and social life," and ways the new Chinese government may behave.

  • April 15, 1977

    Informational Note on the Meeting of the Representatives of International Departments of Six Fraternal Parties

    The CPSU, PUWP, SED, CPCz, HWSP, and BCP met to discuss an upcoming conference devoted to the discussion of the “Problems of Peace and Socialism.” China was another focus of the meeting, particularly the implications of the expansion of its industrial-military complex.

  • June, 1977

    East German Report on the Ninth Interkit Meeting in Berlin, June 1977

    This report was issued after the ninth Interkit meeting in East Berlin, which featured an official Cuban delegation. The document addresses the Chinese question after the death of Mao Zedong. According to this report, the internal disputes inside the Chinese Communist Party persist under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping. The economic problems that China faces are still unresolved. In its foreign relations, China is staying the course by maintaining relations with Western countries, especially with the US. These relations are considered to be detrimental to international détente and directed against the interests of the Soviet Union and the Socialist countries.

  • June, 1977

    East German Report, 'China after Mao Zedong'

    This study gives an account on the domestic and foreign policies of China after the death of Mao Zedong. The first part of the document is dedicated to the domestic policies of the Chinese government. It analyzes the ideological backgrounds of the new leadership as well as the economic situation, while emphasizing unsolved problems in industry and agriculture. A closer look at Beijing's defense spending leads the authors to the conclusion that China is enhancing its military potential and preparing for war.