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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Interkit, 1966-1987

Interkit was an organization created by the Kremlin to coordinate Soviet-bloc analysis of and policy toward China from 1967 until

the mid-1980s. This institution, its name derived from the Russian word for China, “Kitai,” periodically gathered China experts from the USSR, its Warsaw Pact allies, and a shifting mix of other nations aligned with the Kremlin (e.g., Mongolia, Vietnam, Laos, and Cuba). In periodic meetings, the participants—primarily communist party functionaries but also, in some cases, diplomatic and/or academic China “hands”—considered the political, economic, ideological, cultural, and other dimensions of dealing with their problematic former ally. See also Sino-Soviet Split.(Image, cover of elementary school textbook from Guangxi, 1971)

  • January 25, 1982

    Cable from the Embassy of the Hungarian People's Republic to China, 'Some New Phenomena in the Chinese Pursuit to Differentiate Socialist Countries'

    Soviet bloc diplomats respond to a report on China's foreign policy and strategy to move closer to Soviet allies.

  • June 08, 1982

    The State of Foreign Policy

    Discusses issues related to upholding Sino-Soviet relations, to maintaining an active foreign policy with socialist and capitalist countries, and touching on issues related to various socialist countries at the time.

  • July 07, 1982

    Cable from Hungarian Ambassador regarding Talk with Soviet China Expert Oleg Rakhmanin

    Short summary of a conversation between the Hungarian ambassador to Moscow and Oleg Rakhmanin on China and its possible attempts to split the Eastern bloc countries, especially its warming relations with East Germany.

  • December 02, 1983

    Cable from Ernő Lakatos and Gyula Horn, 'Proposal for the Political Committee'

    East German representatives proposed the formation of a permanent consultation group of socialist countries to coordinate international policy and propaganda.

  • December 14, 1983

    Cable from Géza Kótai, 'Report on the China Consultation of CC International Departments of Fraternal Parties of Ten Socialist Countries'

    Report on annual Interkit meeting to coordinate Soviet bloc analysis of and policy towards China.

  • December 18, 1983

    Note from Slawinski to the International Department, CC PUWP

    M. R. Slawinski expresses his desire to participate in the commission session for the Current Far Eastern Affairs and the European Association for China Studies, despite a lack of obvious funding.

  • December 27, 1983

    Cable from Géza Kótai, 'Protocol of the China-Consultation of Representatives of CC International Departments of the Ten Fraternal Parties Held on 6-7 December 1983 in Prague'

    Summary report produced by an annual Interkit meeting to coordinate Soviet bloc analysis of and policy towards China.

  • May 28, 1984

    Report from the Visit in Moscow on May 14-19, 1984, at the Academic Conference on 'The Problems of Security and Peace in the Far East'

    The conference involved the participation of major Sinological centers and representatives of the foreign ministries of nine countries (Bulgaria, Hungary, the GDR, Mongolia, Poland, Cuba, Vietnam, Czechoslovakia, and the Soviet Union). It focused on aspects of peace and security in the Far East.

  • October 15, 1984

    Iván Németh, 'Memorandum for the Attention of Comrade Mátyás Szűrös'

    Report on a meeting with O. B. Rakhmanin in which they discuss the Soviet Union's policy toward China and the upcoming Interkit meeting.

  • November 06, 1984

    Iván Németh, 'Report for Members of the Political Committee on the China Consultation held in Tihany (Interkit)'

    Summary of annual Interkit meeting to coordinate Soviet bloc analysis of and policy toward China.

  • February 18, 1985

    Note from a Working Meeting of the CC International Department Deputy Heads of Fraternal Parties of Socialist Countries

    The group discussed a CC CPSU study which contained an analysis and assessment of the PRC’s foreign policy and its domestic situation.

  • February 21, 1985

    Géza Kótai, 'Memorandum for Comrade Mátyás Szűrös'

    Summary of an informal Interkit meeting to discuss China's foreign policy and tension with the Soviet Union.

  • August 27, 1985

    Speech Excerpt from Meeting of CC PUWP Departments on the Current State of Sino-Polish relations.

    Head of the CC PUWP International Department made the concluding statement, outlined in the document below. The general theme is that there should not be a race with other socialist countries to normalize relations with China, and that Poland should remain focused on building economic ties.

  • September 05, 1986

    Theses for the talks of First Secretary Wojciech Jaruzelski with Deng Xiaoping

    Key points are provided for several major topics considered likely to be addressed during the talks of Deng Xiaoping and Wojciech Jaruzelski. Most notable are comments about the direction of Polish foreign policy and the Polish views of Chinese foreign policy.

  • September 09, 1986

    Note regarding the Establishment of the China Studies Institute in Warsaw

    The author proposes an institute in Poland which would study contemporary China, due to the rising importance of China on the international arena. Proposed departments would include: ideological and political analysis; economic analysis; sociology and culture; documentation and library.

  • September 15, 1986

    The Politically Difficult Topics in Poland’s Relations with the PRC

    Prep notes for an upcoming visit of Wojciech Jaruzelski to China. The Polish delegation wants for all socialist countries to develop contacts and cooperation with the PRC.

  • March 17, 1987

    Informational Note from the official visit in Poland of the PRC Foreign Minister, Comrade Wu Xueqian (March 10-13, 1987)

    Overview of the first visit of a PRC foreign minister in Poland.

  • April 28, 1987

    Talking points pertaining to Economic Issues

    The talking points focus on increased economic ties between Poland and China, and how economic cooperation is likely to lead the way in relations between the two.

  • June 12, 1987

    Record of Conversation in Prague between Chinese Party Leader Zhao Ziyang and Czechoslovak Prime Minister Lubomír Strougal

    This is the Slovak record of a 1987 conversation between the general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, Zhao Ziyang, and Czechoslovak Prime Minister Lubomír Strougal outlining the possibilities of economic reform in Czechoslovakia and discussing technical and economic cooperation between Czechoslovakia and China. Zhao indicates that China is lagging behind in its development and asks for Czechoslovak support in reconstructing and modernizing Chinese power stations and chemical plants.

  • September, 1987

    Note from the Visit of the CC PUWP International Department Delegation in the PRC

    An overview of the Polish Communist Party's visit to China.