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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Ryszard KukliƄski Collection

Ryszard Kukliski was a Polish colonel and Cold War spy for NATO. He passed top secret Warsaw Pact documents to the CIA between 1972 and 1981. For over nine years, Kuklinski provided the CIA with more than 40,000 pages of documents regarding the innermost secrets of the Warsaw Pact.

  • April 01, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, [Redacted] Report'

    Translated Polish army document listing all the participants in the Decision-making Game of February 16, 1981. The list includes names from the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of National Defense, and Polish United Workers Party Central Committee.

  • April 02, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Soviet Reaction to Polish Proposals Regarding the Declaration of Martial Law'

    Translated memorandum discusses how Ministry of Defense documents concerning martial law were translated and presented to Brezhnev. The document later explains the parameters set up by Brezhnev and Polish officials under which martial must be set up and executed.

  • April 08, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Report outlines the duties of Polish government ministries in the case of martial law.

  • April 21, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translated correspondence between the USSR and Poland concerning the stationing of 66,000 Soviets troops in Poland as well as various exercises for attacks and natural disasters.

  • April 26, 1981

    Report on the "Hopeless" Situation in Poland

    Letter from Kuklinski to his CIA contact indicating that the situation in Poland is militarily hopeless.

  • April 29, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and the Director of the National Security Agency, 'Soviet-Polish Positions on the Declaration of Martial Law in Poland...'

    Translation outlines discussions between Soviet and Polish officials as to the preparedness of Poland to instate martial law. In addition, it recounts the meeting of the 23rd Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact in Sofia, Bulgaria and Soviet Air Operations in Poland.

  • May 26, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translated report oversees contingency plans for the declaration of martial law. It covers plans for public information, diplomatic relations, and the military.

  • May 26, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Report details protocol for various government agencies (military, political, diplomatic, economic, and state security) to address state security during the implementation of martial law.

  • June 10, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Proposed Polish Military Measures in Connection with the Current Political Situation in Poland'

    Hugel alerts the recipients of the memorandum that confidential sources reveal increased militarization in Poland to enforce the party line and are one step closer to martial law.

  • June 15, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of National Security, 'Polish Military and Security Reactions to the Current Political Situation in Poland'

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and the Director of National Security. The document details the conflict between several high military officials. It also mentions several places where Soviet military servicemen are incorporated into the Polish army.

  • July 01, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of an agenda from the meeting of Polish National Defense Committee of June 19, 1981 involving the Ministry of Internal Affairs, National Defense, and the Defense Industry Commission.

  • July 01, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Report discusses contingency plans for implementing martial law, but only in relation to the possibility of extremist resistance from organizations such as Solidarnosc (Solidarity) and KOR (Workers Defense Committee).

  • July 17, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Polish General Staff Evaluation of Soviet Military PResence and Activities in Poland...'

    Report outlines the conflicting views of Polish military and government leadership on the implementation of martial law and growing influence of the Soviet military.

  • July 17, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of a memorandum from the Chief of General Staff of the Polish Peoples Army on the measures that need to be taken by the army in case of martial law.

  • July 24, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of the Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation elaborates on how funds should be allocated towards various Polish infrastructure projects including highways, waterways, and railways. In addition, it mentions allocating funds for the defense training for new government and industrial leaders.

  • August 14, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'The Current Political Situation in Poland; Polish Ministry of Defense Plans for the Possible Introduction of Martial Law'

    Translated report discusses how the increased presence of Solidarnosc (Solidarity) warrants the introduction of martial law. However, it affirms that no formal steps to introducing martial law have been taken.

  • August 21, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of a document the Polish government intended to circulate should martial law be announced.

  • August 25, 1981

    Memorandum from [Redacted] to the Director of Central Intelligence, 'Martial Law in Poland'

    Memorandum outlining Poland's martial law plan, whether it could work, and the attitudes of Polish leadership.

  • September 04, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation from a Defense Committee chaired by General Jaruzelski addressing the rising threat of Solidarnosc and other threats to national security.

  • September 09, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'New Draft Decree on Martial Law; Current Situation in Poland'

    Memorandum explains of a newly drafted decree of martial law, and increasing tensions between military leadership and Solidarnosc.