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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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North Vietnamese Decision-Making, 1973-1975

A collection of published Vietnamese documents dealing with North Vietnam’s decision-making from the signing of the Paris Peace Accords in January 1973 until the end of the war in April 1975. Compiled by George J. Veith and Merle L. Pribbenow, much of the material in this collection formed the basis of Veith's book, Black April: The Fall of South Vietnam, 1973-1975 (2013). The collection is also introduced and contextualized in CWIHP Working Paper #84, "The Return to War: North Vietnamese Decision-Making, 1973-1975" (November 2017). (Image: Fall of Saigon, April 1975.)

  • August 18, 1974

    Cable from the COSVN Party Current Affairs Committee to the Politburo Reporting on the Results of COSVN’s 13th Party Plenum

    Cable from the COSVN Party Current Affairs Committee to the Politburo reporting on the results of COSVN’s 13th Party Plenum, including all aspects of the situation since the dissemination of COSVN Resolution 12 and on the implementation of the Central Committee’s Resolution 21.

  • September 10, 1974

    Comrade Le Duan’s Comments After Listening to Comrade Vo Quang Ho’s Briefing on the Draft Plan (Notes Taken by Comrade Ho)

    Le Duan's comments on the draft plan presented by Vo Quang Ho, laying out plans to liberate South Vietnam in two years 1975-1976.

  • September 20, 1974

    COSVN Party Current Affairs Committee Provides Guidance to Shape the Struggle Movement in South Vietnam’s Cities

    The COSVN seeks to shape protests led by a Catholic priest against corruption in South Vietnam.

  • October 01, 1974

    Continue Supplying Weapons and Ammunition in Accordance with the 1973 Plan and Preparing for the 1974-1975 Plan and for the Supplemental Plan (KH-75B)

    Military report in implementation of the resolution of the first session of the General Technical Department’s Party Committee, carrying out the mission of supplying the South Vietnamese battlefield that was approved during the General Department’s first Political-Military Conference.

  • October 19, 1974

    COSVN Party Current Affairs Committee Provides Guidance for the Political Struggle in the Cities of South Vietnam for the Final Days of 1974

    The COSVN seeks to support the Buddhist and Catholic protest movements in South Vietnam.

  • November, 1974

    COSVN and the COSVN Military Headquarters Decide to Launch a Wave of Operations during the 1974-1975 Dry Season

    In late November 1974 COSVN and the COSVN Military Headquarters approved a decision to launch a 1974-1975 Dry Season Campaign, divided into two waves of operations

  • November 13, 1974

    Guidance (No. 288) on Implementing the Resolution of the Central Military Party Committee in Combat and Force-Building Missions in 1975

    Based on the strategic plan of the Politburo and the Central Military Party Committee on gaining victory in the next few years, the Central Military Party Committee met to make a detailed, concrete assessment of the situation in 1974 and laid out guidelines, missions, and a concrete plan to be carried out by the different battlefields in 1975.

  • December 22, 1974

    General Staff Cable on the C3+C4 Campaign Desires of the High Command, sent to the B3 Front

    Cable from the General Staff detailing campaign plans of the Senior Leadership of the High Command to exploit an offensive posture and open up a strategic corridor to transform the balance of forces.

  • 1975

    Central Military Party Committee to General Van Tien Dung

    Cable from Vo Nguyen Giap reporting on the enemies' tactics and the Politburo's strategic plan to attack in the focal point sector.

  • January 05, 1975

    Leadership of the Ministry of Public Security issues guidance for dealing with reactionaries in South Vietnam

    Comrade Tran Quoc Hoan, Minister of Public Security, presided over a meeting that he had convened to study and implement guidelines on conducting the struggle against reactionaries, in support of the General Offensive and General Uprising in South Vietnam.

  • January 06, 1975

    Cable from X2 [Pham Hung] to the Ba Dinh Party Current Affairs Committee [Central Office for South Vietnam – COSVN], Reply to Cable No. 46/B19

    Cable from Pham Hung to the Ba Dinh Party Current Affairs Committee describing the development of current battlefields and operational plans for the near future.

  • January 08, 1975

    Conclusion of Phase Two of the Politburo Conference (Excerpts)

    Excerpts describe the 1975 operations plan laid out by the Politburo, with guidelines on the mission and responsibility of military and political forces on the battlefields of Cochin China.

  • January 15, 1975

    Cable No. 99/B01 from COSVN to the Politburo and X2 [Pham Hung]

    COSVN sent a cable to the Politburo and Pham Hung reporting on the situation in the past months and recommending some military adjustments.

  • February 10, 1975

    Cable No. 727 from the Central Military Party Committee to Headquarters B4 [Thua Thien-Hue] and Headquarters B5 [Quang Tri]

    Vo Nguyen Giap, on behalf of the Central Military Party Committee, sent a cable to Headquarters B4 and B5 to give an assessment of the situation at the battlefields and issue operational guidelines for the Tri-Thien battlefield in 1975.

  • February 25, 1975

    Central Military Party Committee to General Van Tien Dung

    On behalf of COSVN, Vo Nguyen Giap sent a cable to General Van Tien Dung to advise him on decision-making.

  • February 25, 1975

    COSVN Directive 02 on Our Operations During Phase 2 of the 1974-1975 Dry Season

    COSVN issues a directive assessing the results of Phase 1 of the 1974-1975 operation and laying out plans for Phase 2.

  • February 27, 1975

    Cable No. 810B from the Central Military Party Committee to the Current Affairs Committee of the Tri Thien Party Committee, the Current Affairs Committees of the B4 and B5 Party Committees, and the Tri Thien Region Party Committee

    On behalf of the Central Military Party Committee, Vo Nguyen Giap issues a directive on military operations, laying out battle plans to different regional committees.

  • March, 1975

    Central Military Party Committee Cable Sent to General Van Tien Dung during the Course of the Attack on Ban Me Thuot

    Cable sent to General Van Tien Dung from the Central Military Party Committee with guidelines on the steps and methods of issuing propaganda.

  • March 11, 1975

    Cable 01/TK from Brother Chien [Vo Nguyen Giap] to Brother Tuan [Van Tien Dung]

    Cable from Vo Nguyen Giap to Van Tien Dung capturing main talking points from a meeting by the Politburo and the Central Military Party Committee on the current situation.

  • March 11, 1975

    Central Military Committee to General Van Tien Dung

    Cable sent to General Van Tien Dung to summarize highlights from a meeting by the Politburo and the Central Military Committee to address the development of current battlefields.