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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Sino-Soviet Relations

This is a collection of primary source documents that discuss the Soviet-Chinese relationship during the Cold War. Composed largely of cables, memos, and telegrams, this collection spans the 1930s through 1959, or the period prior to the split. See also The Sino-Soviet Split, 1960-1984. (Image, Soviet propaganda poster, "Friends Forever.")

  • May 12, 1961

    Notes on Soviet Political Work with China

    Covers a meeting that took place on May 12, 1961 involving the military attaches of various socialist countries, where Mao spoke about the China's political and ideological direction, perseverance through work and scarcity, and flexible military strategies, and lays out plan for fulfilling these goals

  • March 28, 1962

    From the Diary of S. V. Chervonenko, Transcripts of a Conversation with the General Secretary of the CC CCP Deng Xiaoping, March 1, 1962

    A conversation between S.V. Chevornenko and Deng Xiaoping about improving Sino-Soviet relations and questions about Albania and Germany.

  • May 08, 1962

    From the Diary of S. V. Chervonenko, Transcripts of a Conversation with the General Secretary of the CC CCP Deng Xiaoping, 9 April 1962

    Ambassador Chervonenko and Deng Xiaoping discuss a proposed conference of world communist leaders.

  • October 18, 1964

    Cable to the CCPCC International Liaison Department and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Reactions of Albanian Newspapers to Our Nuclear Bomb Test and Khrushchev’s Removal'

    The Chinese Embassy in Tirana notes Albania's positive responses to China's successful nuclear test.

  • October 21, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Reactions among the North Korean Masses to China's Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea notes North Koreans' positive responses to China's first nuclear weapons test and a downfall of Khrushchev in the Soviet Union

  • October 22, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in India, 'India's Reactions to Khrushchev's Removal and China's Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in India describing mixed responses of Indians on Khrushchev's removal and China's nuclear test.

  • October 29, 1964

    Conversation Record of Premier Zhou Enlai’s Meeting with the Five Ambassadors and Charge d'affaires of Vietnam, Romania, Albania, Cuba, and Korea

    Zhou Enlai evaluates Nikita Khrushchev's dismissal as Secretary of Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

  • May 15, 1965

    Cable from the Military Attache of the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Reactions to China's Second Nuclear Explosion'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports reactions from students and military personnel in the USSR to China's second nuclear test.

  • May 17, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Reactions to China's Second Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union describing positive responses of Soviet officials and the foreign missions regarding China's second successful nuclear test.

  • June 09, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'The Soviet Revisionists Handling of and Response to China's Second Nuclear Explosion'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports responses to the second Chinese nuclear test among Soviet news agencies, upper and middle class citizens, and students.

  • March 02, 1969

    Soviet Report to East German Leadership on Sino-Soviet Border Clashes

    Soviet report summarizing Sino-Soviet military clashes along the border and the island of Damansky.

  • April 02, 1969

    Telegram to East German Foreign Ministry from Ambassador to China

    East German Ambassador Oskar Fischer reports on Soviet attempts to meet with Mao or Zhou Enlai about the on-going Sino-Soviet border dispute.

  • October 06, 1969

    Notes from a Conversation between Comrade Rakhmanin and Comrade Bruno Mahlow on Chinese Leadership and the Situation in China

    Rakhmanin discusses the topics addressed by Zhou Enlai and Comrade Kosygin in a recent meeting. He highlights such topics of conversation as Chinese/Soviet border lines, propaganda issues, Chinese domestic disturbances and foreign policies issues.

  • December 29, 1969

    Note on Exchanges of Opinions by the Ambassadors and Acting Ambassadors of Hungary, the GDR, Czechoslovakia, the USSR, Bulgaria, Poland, and Mongolia on the Subject of 'The PRC Position vis-a-vis the Socialist Countries' on 21 November and 3 December

    Ambassadors of Hungary, GDR, Czechoslovakia, the USSR, Bulgaria, Poland, and Mongolia discuss the development of socialism and Maoism in the PRC in relation to other countries in the socialist camp.

  • September, 1991

    Report by S. Goncharov for the Russian Leadership on the Question of the Current Situation in Relations between Russia and China (Excerpt)

    S. Goncharov describes the lessons the Soviet Union drew from China's suppression of the student protests in Beijing in spring 1989.