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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Sino-Soviet Split, 1960-1984

Documents on the growing division and worsening relations between China and the Soviet Union from 1960 onward. See also Sino-Soviet Relations. (Image, Mao and Khrushchev, 1958)

  • November 29, 1960

    Record of Conversation between Polish Delegation (Gomułka et al.) and Chinese Communist Politburo Member Liu Shaoqi, Moscow

    Liu Shaoqi and Gomułka review the state of the communist bloc, discussing the Sino-Soviet intervention in North Korea in 1956 and the position of Albania.

  • January 01, 1961

    Report from Polish Military Attache in Beijing

    Military Attache Siwicki reports on the year's biggest issues such as; the economic crisis in China, Great Chinese Famine; discrepancies in ideology between USSR and China, such as questions of loyalty to Communist cause in the leadership and army; Chinese's interest in weapons of mass destruction; poor condition of Chinese army and society in general; and China's imperialist goals and overview of interactions with other countries

  • January 06, 1961

    From the Journal of S. V. Chervonenko, Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong on 26 December 1960

    Ambassador Chervonenko records an unexpected and surprisingly warm meeting with Mao in which the leader talks about his lessened role in the Chinese government.

  • February 25, 1961

    Report on the Second Meeting with the CCP Delegation to the Fourth Congress of the Albanian Labor Party

    The conversation between Chinese head of the delegation to Albania, Li Xiannian, and the ALP CC First Secretary Enver Hoxha on the visit of the Chinese delegation to the Albanian Congress, the difficulties in the Soviet-Albanian relations, and the military and economic needs in Albania.

  • March 01, 1961

    Transcript of Conversation between Deputy Premier Chen Yi and Romanian Ambassador to China Barbu Zaharescu

    Chen Yi and Ambassador Zaharescu discuss the unity of the socialist bloc.

  • April 14, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Poland, 'Work Summary for the Chinese Embassy in Poland, 1960, and Plans for 1961'

    The Chinese Embassy in Poland reviews the state of China's relations with Poland in 1960-1961.

  • April 20, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Recommendations based on Developments in the Current Situation'

  • April 20, 1961

    Memorandum of Conversation, Comrade Abdyl Kellezi with Comrade Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai expressed China's opinions on the result of the meeting of the Political Consultative Committee of the Warsaw Pact, China's support of the principles of Marxism-Leninism in several Soviet-Albanian conflicts. They also discussed issues of economic and military assistance.

  • July 21, 1961

    Information Memorandum, Meeting between Albanian Ambassador to China Reis Malile and Comrade Dong Biwu

    Albanian Ambassador to China Reis Malile and Dong Biwu, a member of the CCP CC Politburo, talked about the economic condition in Albania, the issue of the removal of the Soviet military naval base from Vlora, and the concept of peaceful coexistence in Marxist-Leninism.

  • July 27, 1961

    Information on the Meeting with Comrade Chen Yi

    Chen Yi, Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the PRC and a member of the CCP CC Politburo, met with the Albanian Ambassador to PRC Reis Malile about the relations between Soviet Union and other socialist countries, particularly China and Albania. They also talked about the Geneva Conference on Laos, the Soviet-US negotiation on the Laos issue, the Soviet economic assistance, and Chinese internal situations.

  • August 21, 1961

    Information on the Meeting with Comrade Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai and Reis Malile talked about the visit by Ho Chi Minh to Moscow. Zhou Enlai inform Reis Malile the conversation and opinions he and Liu Shaoqi had with Ho Chi Mind regarding the relations between Soviet Union, Albania, and Vietnam.

  • August 29, 1961

    Information on the Meeting with Comrade Chen Yi

    Chen Yi, Politburo member and minister of foreign affairs of the PRC, and Reis Malile, Albanian Ambassador to the PRC, discussed the relations between Albania, China, Soviet Union, and Vietnam.

  • October 12, 1961

    From the Diary of S. V. Chervonenko, Transcript of Conversation with General Secretary of the CC CCP, Deng Xiaoping, 30 September 1961

  • October 14, 1961

    Memorandum of Conversation from the Meeting between Vice Premier Chen Yi and the Albanian Ambassador to China Reis Malile

    Chen Yi and Reis Malile discuss Sino-Albanian trade and Syria's secession from the United Arab Republic.

  • October 17, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Poland, 'Polish Celebration of Our National Day, the Polish Communist Party’s Attitude toward China, and Our Views'

    The Chinese Embassy in Poland concludes that "Poland consciously wishes to improve Chinese-Polish relations."

  • December 02, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Poland, 'Opinions on the Ninth Congress of the Polish Party'

    The Chinese Embassy in Poland reports that "Gomułka will absolutely continue to follow Khrushchev in opposing China and Albania."

  • February 07, 1962

    Record of Conversation between Comrade Wu Xiuquan and Ambassador Ri Yeong-ho

    Ri Yeong-ho and Wu Xiuquan discuss China and North Korea's attitudes towards revisionism.

  • March 28, 1962

    From the Diary of S. V. Chervonenko, Transcripts of a Conversation with the General Secretary of the CC CCP Deng Xiaoping, March 1, 1962

    A conversation between S.V. Chevornenko and Deng Xiaoping about improving Sino-Soviet relations and questions about Albania and Germany.

  • April 21, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Handling the Issue of Border Residents Fleeing from Yili and Tacheng to the Soviet Union'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry directs border guards in Xinjiang to interface with Soviet counterparts.

  • April 21, 1962

    Cable from the Department of Consular Affairs, Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'On the Flight of Border Residents from Yili and Tacheng'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry asks why individuals in Xinjiang are crossing the border into the Soviet Union.