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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Sino-Soviet Split, 1960-1984

Documents on the growing division and worsening relations between China and the Soviet Union from 1960 onward. See also Sino-Soviet Relations. (Image, Mao and Khrushchev, 1958)

  • April 21, 1962

    Telephone Reporting Points from Comrade Xu Huang, Deputy Director of the Department of Consular Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Chinese official Xu Huang reports possible reasons for the exodus of Uyghurs and Kazakhs from Xinjiang.

  • April 21, 1962

    Cable from the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Office, 'Report on the Flight of Border Residents from the Yili and Tacheng Areas to the Soviet Union'

    The Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Office offers one of the first accounts of the cross-border flight of Uyghurs and Kazakhs.

  • April 24, 1962

    Minutes of Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu’s Talk with the Soviet Ambassador to China Stepan Chervonenko

    Zhang Hanfu and Stepan Chervonenko spar over the flight of Uyghurs and Kazakhs from Xinjiang to the Soviet Union.

  • April 25, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Representations between China and Soviet Union on the Flight of Ethnic Minority Residents from Xinjiang’s Border Areas to the Soviet Union'

    The Foreign Ministry alerts Xu Huang and other officials in Xinjiang as to the status of the talks between Zhang Hanfu and Ambassador Chervonenko.

  • April 25, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Representations between China and Soviet Union on the Flight of Ethnic Minority Residents from Xinjiang’s Border Area to the Soviet Union'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry alerts Ambassador Liu Xiao to ongoing talks between China and the Soviet Union over the mass flight from Xinjiang.

  • April 26, 1962

    Reporting the Contents of Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu’s Discussion with the Soviet Ambassador on 24 April 1962

    The Foreign Ministry alerts the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Department and Party Committee of ongoing talks with the Soviet Union.

  • April 27, 1962

    Data on the Citizenship Problem in the Conflict between the Xinjiang Region and the Soviet Union

    A detailed Chinese reports on the history of Soviet citizens in Xinjiang.

  • April 29, 1962

    Cable from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Department

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry requests that Xu Huang gather evidence against the Soviet Union.

  • April 29, 1962

    Response to the Soviet Side’s Memorandum of 29 April on the Mass Exodus of Xinjiang Chinese Residents to the Soviet Union

    The Chinese Government rejects the Soviet position on the flight of 60,000 Uyghurs and Kazakhs from Xinjiang to the USSR.

  • April 29, 1962

    Minutes of Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu’s Discussion with Soviet Ambassador to China Chervonenko

    Zhang Hanfu and Ambassador Chervonenko continue the debate over the Yi-Ta incident.

  • April 30, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Representations concerning the Flight of Ethnic Minority Residents from Xinjiang’s Border Areas to the Soviet Union'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry alerts authorities in Xinjiang to the status of the Zhang Hanfu-Chervonenko talks.

  • May 08, 1962

    From the Diary of S. V. Chervonenko, Transcripts of a Conversation with the General Secretary of the CC CCP Deng Xiaoping, 9 April 1962

    Ambassador Chervonenko and Deng Xiaoping discuss a proposed conference of world communist leaders.

  • May 13, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'On Ceasing to Process Applications to Visit to Xinjiang from Soviet People'

    The Chinese Government forbids citizens in Xinjiang from traveling to the Soviet Union.

  • May 18, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry and Public Security Ministry, 'The Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security Send a Work Team to Xinjiang to Collect Materials'

    The Chinese Government is collecting evidence against the Soviet Union in light of the Yi-Ta incident.

  • May 29, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Notes for Comrade Xu Huang'

    Xu Huang is tasked with collecting evidence against the Soviet Union and keeping an eye out on the Soviet Consul General in Urumqi.

  • May 29, 1962

    Report on the Operations of the Work Team of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security over the Past Week

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry and Public Security Ministry report on political developments in Xinjiang since the mass exodus of citizens to the Soviet Union.

  • June, 1962

    Report on the Collection of Evidence

    A report on the work of the Chinese Foreign Ministry and Public Security Ministry in collecting evidence of Soviet wrongdoing in Xinjiang.

  • June 08, 1962

    Minutes of the Meeting between Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu and the Ambassador of the Soviet Union to China Chervonenko

    Zhang Hanfu and Ambassador Chervonenko debate the massive flight of Chinese nationals from Xinjiang to Soviet Kazakhstan.

  • June 19, 1962

    Fifth Official Meeting Between the Delegation of the Albanian Labor Party and the Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party

    Albanian leaders Hysni Kapo and Ramiz Alia meet with a Chinese delegation to discuss industrialization in Communist countries, specificallyAlbania's five-year plan. The Albanians complain about being excluded from international meetings of the socialist countries. The Chinese update the Albanians on their position of supporting Jiang Jieshi over the "Two Chinas" objective of the United States and their relations with other countries throughout Asia, while encouraging the Albanians to reach out to the Muslim nations of Africa.

  • June 21, 1962

    Cable from the Work Team of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security to the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Party Committee and the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry and Public Security Ministry claim success in uncovering evidence of illegal Soviet activities in Xinjiang.