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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Sino-Soviet Split, 1960-1984

Documents on the growing division and worsening relations between China and the Soviet Union from 1960 onward. See also Sino-Soviet Relations. (Image, Mao and Khrushchev, 1958)

  • June 26, 1962

    Transcript of a Meeting between Vice Minister Ji Pengfei and the Ambassador of the Soviet Union to China Stepan V. Chervonenko

    Ji Pengfei and Stepan Chervonenko spar over the Soviet Union's handling of the peoples who crossed into the USSR from Xinjiang.

  • June 27, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation between First Vice Premier Hysni Kapo and Albanian Labor Party Politburo Member Ramiz Alia with PRC Premier Zhou Enlai

  • June 29, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation, Albanian Labor Party Delegation with Mao Zedong

    The delegation from the Albanian Labour Party meets with Chairman Mao Zedong, where both parties express disapproval toward Krushchev's policies of De-Stalinization. The Albanian delegates reaffirm their belief in the general Communist party of the USSR, despite Krushchev's actions.

  • July 07, 1962

    Investigation of the Automobile of the Soviet Consulate

  • July 09, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Please Report on the Situation of the Investigation of the Automobiles of the Soviet Consulates'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry asks for information on the movements of Soviet owned automobiles in Xinjiang.

  • July 11, 1962

    Cable from the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Office, 'Re: Situation of the Investigation of the Automobiles of the Soviet Consulates'

    The Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Office follows up on an order to monitor the movements of Soviet automobiles.

  • August, 1962

    Draft Response to the Memorandum from the Soviet Union dated 9 August

  • August 09, 1962

    Minutes of Vice Minister Huang Zhen’s Talk with Nikolai Mesyatse, Chargé d’affaires Ad Interim of the Soviet Embassy in Beijing

  • August 10, 1962

    Statement of the Soviet Government concerning the Flight of Xinjiang Residents to the Soviet Union as Delivered to Comrade Huang Zhen by Mesyatsev, Chargé d’affaires Ad Interim of the Soviet Embassy in China (Translation)

  • August 11, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Text of the Memorandum from the Soviet Union dated 9 August and Request for Proposals'

  • August 23, 1962

    Report and Request for Instructions on the Reply to the Memorandum Submitted by the Government of the Soviet Union on the Massive Illegal Exodus of Residents from Xinjiang dated 9 August

  • September 27, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Please Report on the Specifics of the Inflammatory Materials Carried in Soviet Newspapers and Broadcasted on Soviet Radio'

  • September 29, 1962

    Cable from the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Department, 'The Actual Situation of Seditious Material against China in Soviet Newspapers and Journals'

  • October 22, 1962

    Soviet Reply to the Memorandum of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and the Soviet Ambassador on the Sino-Indian Border Issue on 8 October 1962

    The Soviet Union outlines its stance toward the ongoing Sino-Indian border war, including its policy of selling arms to India.

  • October 22, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu and Soviet Ambassador Stepan Chervonenko

    Stepan Chervonenko and Zhang Hanfu discuss the ongoing border dispute between India and China, and Chervonenko presents a Soviet memorandum outlining the USSR's stance toward the war.

  • October 23, 1962

    Soviet Memorandum on the Sino-Indian Border Issue

    The Soviet Union reiterates its support for China and blames the border dispute on imperialists and reactionary Indians.

  • October 25, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Memorandum from the Soviet Union on the Sino-Indian Border Dispute and the Sale of Aircrafts to India'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry informed all of its embassies and Charge d’Affaires about the Soviet Memorandum on the Sino-Indian Dispute and emphasized the necessity to make clear that India was the invader, not China.

  • November 02, 1962

    Entry from the Journal of Soviet ambassador to India Benediktov, Conversation with Indian Foreign Ministry General-Secretary R.K. Nehru

    Journal entry by Benediktov describing a conversation with Indian Foreign Ministry General-Secretary R.K. Nehru regarding border disputes with China. Approaching the Soviet envoy at a social gathering, the Indian official relayed an oral message to Khrushchev from Indian Prime Minister Nehru (whom he described as "exceptionally busy, very tired"), giving his analysis of the underlying motives behind China's actions in the border dispute. The Indian leader assessed that Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai--with whom Nehru had cooperated in championing the rise of the non-aligned movement only a few years earlier--opposed the current militant policy toward India, but that leftist dogmatists-sectarians within the Chinese leadership, such as Liu Shaoqi, supported it. They did so, Nehru reportedly maintained, not because of the border dispute, but to strike a blow against the general phenomenon of neutrality in order to discredit Moscow's line of peaceful coexistence and competition with the West, and avoiding general nuclear war. In fact, Nehru was said to declare, the Chinese threatened to embroil the entire world in war, and had divided the globe into two new camps: not East and West, but "one - for the continuation of the human species, the other (the Chinese sectarians) - against."

  • December 08, 1962

    Cable from Hao Deqing, 'On The Talks between Pak Geum-cheol and Ambassador Hao'

    Hao Deqing reports on a conversation concerning Eastern Europe's criticisms of China and Soviet-North Korean relations with Pak Geum-cheol.

  • December 12, 1962

    Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Deputy Director of the Department of Soviet and European Affairs Yu Zhan and Charge d’Affaires of the Soviet Union Nikolai Mesyatsev on the Sino-Indian Boundary Issue

    Yu Zhan and Nikolai Mesyatsev argued on Soviet responsibility in the stubbornness of India.