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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Stalin and the Cold War

Leader of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1953, this collection contain Stalin's own writings, conversations, and legacy. The documents come mostly from the 1950s, and from Russian archives. Topics discussed include Stalin's economic opinions and his views on the situation in East Germany. The final items discuss Stalin's death and the fate of some of his ministers. See also Economic Cold War, and Post Stalin Succession Struggle. (Image, Stalin at the Tehran Conference, 1943)

  • May 02, 1945

    Memorandum by Sir Orme Sargent, Deputy Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office, to Winston Churchill

    Sir Orme Sargent suggests that the recent Soviet hardening towards Great Britain is due to the influence of Stalin's ministers; connects chilled relations with situation in Austria and Poland.

  • June 04, 1945

    Notes by Wilhelm Pieck on a Consultation with Stalin, Molotov, Zhdanov

    Meeting notes on the situation in Germany.

  • June 08, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with Stalin and Molotov

    Harriman updates the President on the adverse relations between the USSR and the United States; observes that Stalin cannot understand the United State's interest in establishing an independent Poland.

  • June 28, 1945

    Record of I. V. Stalin's Conversation with Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia Z. Fierlinger and Deputy Foreign Minister V. Clementis

    Stalin and Fierlinger discuss the issues of Transcarpathian Ukraine, tobacco in Czechoslovakia, American troops in Czechoslovakia, the Teshin Region, and the development of the Czechoslovak army.

  • June 30, 1945

    Meeting between Marshal Stalin and Dr. Soong

    Stalin and Chinese Minister Soong discuss the necessity of warm relations between China and the Soviet Union; Stalin pledges to support China's position.

  • July 01, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with T. V. Soong

    Harriman reports on a conversation with Chinese Minister Soong about his meeting with Stalin. Soong reports that China and the USSR wish to establish close ties; Harriman encourages Soong on this point.

  • July, 1945

    Message from Averell Harriman to the President and Secretary of State

    Harriman reports on Chiang Kai-Shek and Stalin's bartering over the status of Outer Mongolia. Chiang refuses to recognize its independence now, but offers to hold a plebiscite after the war.

  • July 02, 1945

    Record of a Meeting between T.V. Soong and Stalin

    Notes taken during meetings between the Chinese nationalist government and the Soviet Union in Moscow during Sino-Soviet treaty negotiations.

  • July 03, 1945

    Memorandum of Conversation between Averell Harriman and T. V. Soong, 'Far Eastern Conversations with Generalissimo Stalin'

    Harriman reports on Soong and Stalin's July 2 conversation on ports and the issue of Outer Mongolia.

  • July 03, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with Stalin and T. V. Soong

    Harriman reports on Stalin and Soong's July 2, 1945 meeting regarding Stalin's attitudes towards a Sino-Soviet railroad and the internationaliztion of ports.

  • July 03, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with T. V. Soong

    Harriman reports on his meeting with Dr. Soong, in which Soong provides him with detailed notes from his July 2, 1945 meeting with Stalin. Soong is concerned that Stalin does not understand the importance of China's territorial integrity in regards to Outer Mongolia, asks for the stance of the United States' government on this issue. Harriman reports on Stalin and Soong's discussion of open ports and Korea.

  • July 05, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with T. V. Soong

    Soong promises to, in his future meeting with Stalin, adhere to the Yalta agreement on the issue of Outer Mongolia and to emphasize the territorial integrity of China.

  • July 07, 1945

    Record of a Meeting Between T. V. Soong and Stalin

    Stalin and Dr. Soong continue their discussions on Outer Mongolia, Soong reports Chian Kai-Shek's intention to preserve the status quo of Outer Mongolia according to the Yalta agreement. Stalin and Soong end their meeting in disagreement.

  • July 09, 1945

    Record of a Meeting Between T. V. Soong and Stalin

    Dr. Soong reports Chiang Kai-Shek's response to the stalemate on the question of Outer Mongolia to Stalin and Molotov. Chiang insists on preserving the territorial integrity of China vis a vis Outer Mongolia and Manchuria, and that China's sovereignty in Manchuria should be reinforced by Chinese administration of Port Arthur and Dairen. Stalin asks to think over his decision before responding to Chiang.

  • July 10, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with T. V. Soong

    Harriman reports that Soong and Stalin have come to an agreement over the issue of Outer Mongolia, and that China will recognize Outer Mongolia's independence in light of Stalin's proposed Treaty of Alliance between the two nations. Border disputes over Outer Mongolia and Sinkiang remain, as well as the issue of a joint Sino-Soviet railway and the administration of Port Arthur and Dairen.

  • July 10, 1945

    Record of a Meeting Between T. V. Soong and V. M. Molotov

    Molotov and Soong author a Soviet-Chinese treaty regarding Outer Mongolia, Soviet troops, railways, port Dairen and Port Arthur.

  • July 11, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with T. V. Soong

    Harriman summarizes the July 11 meeting of Dr. Soong and Stalin, reporting that Stalin has ceded the right of Soviet troops to operate in Manchuria and that China has agreed to acknowledge Outer Mongolia's sovereignty. Dairen and Port Arthur will remain under SOviet military control; there remains dispute over the administration of the Chinese-Soviet railway.

  • July 12, 1945

    Record of a Meeting Between T.V. Soong and Stalin

    Stalin and T.V. Soong review outstanding issues affecting Sino-Soviet relations in 1945.

  • August, 1945

    Notes on Stalin's Statement from a Meeting with a Bulgarian Delegation

    Stalin rebukes the Bulgarian leadership for postponing elections and fearing their opposition. He gives advice on the reorganization of Bulgaria and its foreign relations.

  • August 08, 1945

    Memorandum of Conversation between W. A. Harriman and Stalin

    American ambassador W.A. Harriman and Joseph Stalin discuss the right of use for Russian built railroads in Chinese Manchuria, as well as the status of the ports of Darien and Port Arthur.