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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Todor Zhivkov Collection

Leader of Bulgaria from 1954 until the fall of the Soviet Union, this collection contains documents by and about Todor Zhivkov. They are all from various Bulgarian archives and are composed largely of letters, minutes and reports. Here, the rational behind Bulgarian foreign policy is highlighted, especially in light of Zhivkov’s actions and opinions. (Image, Zhivkov, 1963, Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-B0115-0010-066)

  • July 04, 1946

    Report from DS Chief in Sliven Region on Disclosed Military Conspiracy

    A report on the investigation of a political conspiracy, said to be organized by Metodiy Chavdarov, a colonel at the Sliven garrison. The arrested colonel and his accomplices allegedly conspired to overthrow the Fatherland Front government, once the Soviet troops leave the country.

  • August 22, 1946

    Report from DS Chief in Stara Zagora Region on Arrests of Military

    A memo to the head of the People’s ''Militsiya'' with information on the on-going purges in the Bulgarian military. Purportedly pro-fascist officers have established a broad network of conspirators committed to overthrowing the Fatherland Front government.

  • October 31, 1946

    Report from Bulgarian Intelligence on the Situation in Austria, Switzerland, Italy, and France

    A report on the political climate in Western Europe and the activities of the Bulgarian communities abroad. The author concludes that since a new war seems imminent, the diplomatic and intelligence apparatus needs to be overhauled and old cadres dissmissed.

  • April 30, 1947

    Bulgarian Secretariat Decision B-116 Regarding New State Security Directorate’s Structure and Personal Changes of its Leadership

    Decision Memoranda regarding the personnel changes following the creation of the State Security Directorate.

  • November 15, 1947

    Letter from Assen Georgiev to Bulgarian Foreign Minister K. Georgiev on Bulgarian Intelligence Activity in France

    The head of the Bulgarian legation in Paris blames the lack of funds and the shortage of personnel for the scarce intelligence information sent back to Sofia.

  • September 17, 1948

    Bi-Monthly Report from Bulgarian Intelligence on the Civil War in Greece

    An intelligence report on the on-going Greek Civil War. Among other things, the report emphasizes the American support for the Greek government and the low morale in the National Army.

  • February 10, 1949

    Proposal for Counter-Intelligence Operation ''Traitor'' Against Yugoslav Agents

    A proposal for the measures against the Yugoslav agents and their collaborators who, on Tito’s behalf, were allegedly working for the annexation of the Pirin Region by the Yugoslav Federation.

  • May 23, 1949

    Cipher Telegrams Regarding Bulgarian Request to Sending Soviet investigators to Sofia

    Stalin and Molotov approve a BCP CC request for the dispatch of Soviet investigators to assist in Kiril Slavkov’s trial

  • April 01, 1951

    Plans for Counterintelligence Work in the Nessebar Military Site

    Measures for improving the counterintelligence work at the ''Nessebar'' military site.

  • January 21, 1953

    VGU Information on Activities of the Swiss, Belgian, Dutch and Swedish Intelligences Services

    Report on the intelligence activities of some Western governments in Sofia. The report identifies the main areas of interest of the foreign intelligence services, names of some agents and names of collaborators.

  • February 19, 1954

    Plan GELENA - Agent-Operational Measures on German Intelligence

    Detailed plan and timetable for the activities to expose intelligence operatives who have previously worked for Gestapo.

  • July 01, 1954

    Report on Bulgarian Army Counterintelligence Operations in the Period 1944-1954

    The report elaborates on the achievements of the army counter-intelligence services over a ten-year period—the eradication of reactionary officers conspiracy groups, the training of new recruits, etc.

  • March 25, 1955

    Information on Turkish Intelligence Interest on the Uranium Mine Buhovo

    Turkish intelligence agents are trying to gather information on the uranium mining in southwest Bulgaria. They believe that the extracted deposits are shipped to the Soviet Union for further processing and production of nuclear bombs.

  • October 13, 1955

    CC BCP Politburo Resolution "B" Protocol for Cooperation between the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Stasi

    The CC BCP Politburo approves the protocol for cooperation between the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the East German Ministry for State Security (Stasi), agreed upon at a September meeting in Berlin.

  • November 01, 1956

    Bulgarian Military Intelligence Information on the Situation in Hungary and Poland

    This intelligence report discusses the domestic political developments in Poland after the ascent of Wladyslaw Gomulka to the top of the Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR).The events surrounding the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 are also mentioned.

  • September 01, 1958

    Letter from T. Zhivkov to Soviet Presidium on Training of Bulgarian Military Intelligence Officers at Intelligence Courses in the USSR

    Todor Zhivkov requests from Moscow training of Bulgarian intelligence officers.

  • October 02, 1958

    T. Zhivkov’s Report at the Bulgarian Plenary Session on the Middle East Crisis

    A report based on military intelligence information and on Zhivkov's conversation with the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.

  • May 12, 1960

    Top Secret Bulgarian Politburo Resolution on Arms Delivery to Africa and Asia

    This document includes a memorandum from the Chairman of the State Planning Commission who recommends exporting excess military production to countries in Africa and Asia. In an attached table the production capacities of the Bulgarian military-industrial complex are shown.

  • December 02, 1961

    Top Secret Bulgarian Politburo Resolution on Arms Delivery to Cuba

    A proposal from the Minister of Foreign Trade, G. Kambuliev, for the donation to Cuba of 35,000 automatic rifles, recently decommissioned by the Bulgarian military.

  • February 09, 1963

    Proposal of the Minister of the Interior D. Dikov to Bulgarian Secretariat on Exchange of Arrested Agents between Bulgaria and Greece

    The Minister of Internal Affairs, Diko Dikov, seeks authorization from the BCP CC Secretariat for the proposed exchange of captured intelligence operatives between Greece and Bulgaria.