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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Todor Zhivkov Collection

Leader of Bulgaria from 1954 until the fall of the Soviet Union, this collection contains documents by and about Todor Zhivkov. They are all from various Bulgarian archives and are composed largely of letters, minutes and reports. Here, the rational behind Bulgarian foreign policy is highlighted, especially in light of Zhivkov’s actions and opinions. (Image, Zhivkov, 1963, Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-B0115-0010-066)

  • March 26, 1965

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Raul Castro Meeting in Sofia

    Zhivkov lays out his perspective on the place of Bulgaria within the Communist Camp. He also talks about the Balkans and the rift between Bulgaria and Romania. Both leaders discuss the Chinese accusations of Soviet Revisionism. Raul Castro talks about the strength of the communist movements in Latin America and the prospects for successful social revolutions in Venezuela, Chile, Costa Rica, Uruguay, and Brazil.

  • April 05, 1965

    Resolution B-6 of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Regarding Prevention of Western Spying on Communication Channels

    Decision Memorandum of the CC BCP Politburo authorizing the Council of Ministers to take all necessary steps to prevent wiretapping party officials’ phone lines by foreign intelligence services.

  • July 06, 1965

    Bulgarian Politburo Resolution on the Separation of State Security from the Ministry of the Internal Affairs

    The restructuring in the BCP CC and the establishment of the State Security Committee to the Council of Ministers.

  • November 15, 1965

    Letter from Angel Solakov to V.Semichastni on Acquired Materials from the Italian Embassy in Sofia

    State Security Committee Chief, Solakov, forwards to Moscow materials acquired by Bulgarian secret agents from the Italian embassy building. Among the documents are code books and classified correspondence with Rome.

  • November 17, 1965

    A Proposal from Bulgarian State Security Chairman A. Solakov to the Secretariat on Recruitment of Foreign Students in Bulgaria

    The State Security Committee chair, Angel Solakov, seeks authorization from the BCP CC Secretariat to recruit foreign nationals, residing in Bulgaria as university students and military academy cadets.

  • January 11, 1966

    Bulgarian Politburo Resolution on Intelligence Actions Against China and Albania

    CC BCP Politburo approves Angel Solakov’s recommendation the State Security Committee to commence intelligence and counter-intelligence operations against PRC and Albania. In an attached report Solakov lays out the rationale for such actions. Solakov cites cases where the Chinese and Albanian intelligence services have allegedly embarked upon anti-Soviet actions in various countries of Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America.

  • June 14, 1967

    T. Zhivkov’s Report at the Bulgarian Plenary Meeting on the Middle East

    Zhivkov presents the BCP position on the Six-Day War.

  • January 04, 1968

    Report by the Bulgarian Foreign Minister on the Ministerial Meeting in Warsaw on the Situation in the Middle East, 19-21 December 1967

    Ivan Bashev presents a report on the CPSU-organized meeting in Warsaw, where Eastern European government officials exchanged views on the situation in the Middle East. Among the discussed topics were the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Yemeni Civil War, and recent developments in Iraq.

  • August 15, 1968

    Report from the Bulgarian Ambassador in Havana, Stefan Petrov to Todor Zhivkov on the Domestic and Foreign Policy of Cuba

    The ambassador gives an assessment of the Cuban domestic and foreign policy. He characterizes Fidel Castro as an adventurer and points to certain communist party decisions that are incompatible with the Marxist-Leninist doctrine.

  • August 20, 1968

    Secret Decree of the Council of Ministers of the PR of Bulgaria for the Participation of Bulgarian Troops in the Warsaw Pact Operation in Czechoslovakia

  • September 30, 1968

    Gen. Djurov’s Report on the participation of Bulgarian troops in the Warsaw Pact operation in Czechoslovakia, 30 September 1968

    The Minister reports on the progress of the allied operation and on the strength of the Czech resistance.

  • 1969

    Proposal from Angel Solakov to CC BCP Secretariat on Sending a Ministry Representative to Warsaw

    A proposal from the Minister of Internal Affairs to the BCP CC for putting one counter-intelligence operative on staff in the Bulgarian Embassy in Warsaw.

  • January 24, 1969

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Indira Gandhi Meeting, Delhi

    The two leaders talk about Vietnam, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the situation in Europe.

  • 1970

    Review from Gen. Grigor Grigorov on Subversive Activities of Turkish Intelligence 1968-1969

    Report on the work of Turkish intelligence services in Bulgaria.

  • April 27, 1970

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Aldo Moro, Sofia, 1970

    Todor Zhivkov and the Italian Foreign Minister, Aldo Moro, discuss the political and trade relations between People’s Republic of Bulgaria and Italy. They both emphasize the need for securing a long-lasting peace on the continent.

  • September 06, 1971

    Letter from A. Solakov to T. Zhivkov on Accusations Against Him

    Solakov's second letter to Todor Zhivkov regarding accusations against him, expressed at a CC BCP Politburo meeting in July 1971. The accusations caused the removal of Solakov as a Minister of the Interior, and his removal as a CC BCP member. According to Gen. Solakov, he made a mistake of not informing Todor Zhivkov about few rumors. The first one was that he presumably intended to make a Party career with a promotion to the position of CC BCP Secretary. The second was connected with a circulated inside CC BCP compromising information that Solakov allowed the US CIA to receive through the Bulgarian company TEXIM (a cover KDS organization for arms transfer in Third World countries) several million dollars in an Arabic country.

  • 1972

    Minutes of the Joint Meeting of the Bulgarian Central Committee, the State Council, and the Council of Ministers, on the Situation in the Middle East

    Todor Zhivkov reports on his recent visit to the Syrian Arab Republic and the Arab Republic of Egypt.

  • September 20, 1972

    Bulgarian Politburo decision on Intelligence Activity Against China

    BCP CC Politburo approves the request of the Minister of Internal Affairs, Angel Tzanev, for an increase in the intelligence staff in response to the need for expanding intelligence operations in China, Albania, Romania, Yugoslavia and Vietnam – a move closely coordinated with the KGB.

  • January 23, 1973

    Letter from Marshall Ivan Ignatyevich Yakubovsky to Todor Zhivkov

    A letter accompanying the official 1972 Warsaw Pact Report.

  • February 19, 1973

    Information from Bulgaria on the Dismissal of Charges Against Army Officers for Anti-Party and Anti-State Activity

    Information regarding the reaction of a group of 16 Bulgarian Armed Forces officers, discharged for “anti-party and anti-state activity”. Some of them were rehabilitated with a CC BCP Secretariat Resolution “B-9” on October 13, 1972. The BCP CC’s Military Department recommends that the State Security Committee’s Sixth Directorate continue monitoring the group. KDS should also brief regularly the BCP CC about the behavior of those former officers who have not yet been rehabilitated. While those with favorable disposition towards the Party line should be recommended for future rehabilitation, others who are still standing on “anti-party” positions must be warned in the course.