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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Todor Zhivkov Collection

Leader of Bulgaria from 1954 until the fall of the Soviet Union, this collection contains documents by and about Todor Zhivkov. They are all from various Bulgarian archives and are composed largely of letters, minutes and reports. Here, the rational behind Bulgarian foreign policy is highlighted, especially in light of Zhivkov’s actions and opinions. (Image, Zhivkov, 1963, Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-B0115-0010-066)

  • July 29, 1979

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Robert Mugabe Conversation, Sofia

    Robert Mugabe - leader of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and future president of Zimbabwe - visits Bulgarian and meets with Todor Zhivkov. Mugabe discusses the progress of the conflict in Zimbabwe and requests Bulgarian military support for his forces. Zhivkov expresses concern about the division of the Zimbabwean forces into two separate and competing military groups and advises him to unite with Joshua Nkomo's Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU).

  • September 08, 1979

    Bulgarian Intelligence Analysis of US-Greek Relations

    A report on the state of bilateral relations with emphasis on military co-operation and the US mediation of the Greco-Turkish disputes.

  • October 09, 1979

    International Press Coverage of Todor Zhivkov’s Visit to Vietnam, Laos and Campuchea

  • December 06, 1979

    Letter from Todor Zhivkov to Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, Sofia

  • March 11, 1980

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Muammar al-Qaddafi , Tripoli

  • April 22, 1980

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Hafez Al-Assad, Damascus

    The two leaders talk about recent developments in the Middle East, US-Arab relations, and Soviet support for Arab regimes.

  • April 22, 1980

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Yasser Arafat, Damascus

    The two leaders discuss the situation in the Middle East, and the role of the superpowers - the US and the Soviet Union.

  • September 10, 1980

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Samora Machel

    Both leaders discuss recent developments in Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Angola, East Timor, Western Sahara, Poland, and Afghanistan.

  • October 08, 1980

    Letter from Saddam Hussein to Todor Zhivkov on Iraq-Iran War

  • October 13, 1980

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Constantine Karamanlis , Sofia

  • February 04, 1982

    Talks between Todor Zhivkov and John Whitehead, US Under Secretary of State, Sofia

    Discussion of US-Bulgarian relations and ideological/political/economic differences between US Under Secretary of State, John Whitehead and CC BCP Secretary General Todor Zhivkov.

  • March 23, 1982

    Letter from Jerry John Rawlings, Chairman of the Provisional National Defence Council of Ghana, to Todor Zhivkov

  • July 01, 1982

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Richard Nixon Conversation, Euxinograd Residence [Bulgaria]

  • November 12, 1982

    Letter from Daniel Ortega Saavedra of the Sandinista National Liberation Front to Todor Zhivkov

  • February 24, 1983

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Nicolae Ceausescu on Multilateral Cooperation on the Balkans, Perla Residence [Bulgaria]

  • April 01, 1983

    Memorandum of Conversation Todor Zhivkov – John Silkin

  • July 14, 1983

    Memorandum of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Sofia

  • December 10, 1983

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Dimitri Fyodorovich Ustinov

  • May 07, 1984

    Letter from Samora Moisés Machel to Todor Zhivkov on the Situation in Mozambique

  • May 31, 1984

    Minutes of Conversation: Todor Zhivkov – Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko, Moscow