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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Todor Zhivkov Collection

Leader of Bulgaria from 1954 until the fall of the Soviet Union, this collection contains documents by and about Todor Zhivkov. They are all from various Bulgarian archives and are composed largely of letters, minutes and reports. Here, the rational behind Bulgarian foreign policy is highlighted, especially in light of Zhivkov’s actions and opinions. (Image, Zhivkov, 1963, Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-B0115-0010-066)

  • June 12, 1984

    Letter from Helmut Kohl to Todor Zhivkov

  • June 15, 1984

    Minutes of Conversation: Todor Zhivkov – Kim Il Sung, Sofia

  • 1985

    Correspondence between Bulgarian State Security and Stasi, 'The Bulgarian Connection' in the Assassination Attempt against John Paul II

    Documents from the Stasi archives on the anti-Bulgarian campaign surrounding the investigation of the assassination attempt.

  • March 10, 1985

    Excerpts from the Indictment of Mehmet Ali Agca

    Conclusions of the Investigation Case #179/1982 against Mehmet Ali Agca. The indictment contains details of the Bulgarian investigation of the assassination attempt against John Paul II.

  • May 02, 1985

    Minutes of Conversation: Todor Zhivkov – Daniel Ortega Saavedra on the Situation in Central America and Bulgarian Aid to Nicaragua

  • February 09, 1987

    Weekly Bulgarian State Security Review

    Based on intelligence sources, the Minister of Internal Affairs Dimitar Stoyanov reports on domestic political developments. Among the issues covered in the memo are the domestic repercussions of the January 1987 Plenary Session of the CPSU Central Committee, as well as the Western allegations of human rights violations in regard to Bulgaria’s policy toward the Turkish ethnic minority.

  • April 24, 1987

    Information from D. Stoyanov to M. Balev on Propaganda Against People's Republic of Bulgaria

    The Minister of Internal Affairs, Dimitar Stoyanov, reports on the coverage in the Western media of the alleged repressions against six Bulgarian dissidents who sent an open letter to the 1986 CSCE Meeting in Vienna. The letter claimed that Bulgaria does not comply fully with the Helsinki Accords on Human Rights of 1975. The Minister reports that although some measures have been taken to neutralize the activities of this particular dissident group, the official investigation has been suspended as there was a risk of further tarnishing Bulgaria’s image abroad.

  • May 06, 1987

    Soviet Memorandum on the Present Situation in Afghanistan

    This document discusses the increasing amount of aid the Soviet Union provided to Afghanistan; how the country must fight against 'imperialist and reactionary' forces, and its efforts to establish a stronger ties to Czechoslovakia in order to further national reconciliation.

  • May 06, 1987

    Transcript of Conversation between Todor Zhivokov and Zhao Ziyang in Beijing

    Talks with Zhao Ziyang 6 of May 1987 in Beijing regarding Chinese and Bulgarian Communist policies.

  • May 07, 1987

    Memorandum of Conversation of Bulgarian President Todor Zhivkov with Chinese Leader Deng Xiaoping, Beijing, 7 May 1987

    Talks with Deng Xiaoping 7th of May 1987 in Beijing regarding Chinese and Bulgarian Communist policies and accomplishments of these countries.

  • October 13, 1987

    Information from D. Stoyanov to G. Yordanov on Discontent Among Sofia University Employers and Professors

    The Minister of Internal Affairs, Dimitar Stoyanov, informs the Education Minister, Georgi Yordanov, about intelligence reports regarding the rise of discontent among professors, employees and students at the University of Sofia.

  • March 23, 1989

    Bulgarian Secretariat Resolution on Termination of Jamming of Foreign Broadcasts for Bulgaria

    The BCP CC passes a decision to stop jamming the broadcast of Western radio stations airing programs in Bulgarian. This decision however does not apply to Radio Ankara, whose Bulgarian programming continues to be blocked.

  • April 22, 1989

    Official talks between Todor Zhivkov and Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece

    Official talks between the President of the State Council of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria Todor Zhivkov and the Prime Minister of Greece Andreas Papandreou regarding Greek-Bulgarian relations.

  • January 05, 1990

    Statement of Alexander Lilov, Bulgarian Politburo Member, at a Meeting with the Ministry of the Interior Leadership

    Alexander Lilov responds to criticism from the police academy cadets. In an open letter, the cadets, concerned with the softening assimilation policies towards the Turkish minority, claim that Turkish nationalism poses a threat to Bulgaria’s territorial integrity. Lilov dismisses the fears for secession of the predominantly Turkish regions from Bulgaria and reminds his audience that historically Bulgarian nationalism has also been a particularly destructive force.